Air Traffic Control (ATC) is a service provided by ground based controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and in the air to ensure safe, orderly and expeditious traffic flow. In the United States, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) provides this service to all aircraft in the National Airspace System (NAS). The FAA is responsible for all aspects of U.S. Air Traffic Control including hiring and training controllers, who are employees of the Federal Government. In Canada, Air Traffic Control is provided by NAV Canada, which is a private, non-share capital corporation that operates Canada's civil air navigation service. ...more on Wikipedia about "Air traffic control"
An Airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. It is part of a hub and spoke model, where travelers moving between airports not served by direct flights change planes en route to their destination. ...more on Wikipedia about "Airline hub"
A paper ticket generally refers to a document created by an airline or a travel agent to confirm that an individual has purchased a seat on an airplane. This document is then used to obtain a boarding pass at the airport. Then with the boarding pass and the attached ticket, the passanger is allowed to board the aircraft. ...more on Wikipedia about "Airline ticket"
An airport is a facility where aircraft can take off and land. At the very minimum, an airport consists of one runway (or helipad), but other common components are hangars and terminal buildings. Apart from these, an airport may have a variety of facilities and infrastructure, including fixed base operator services, air traffic control, passenger facilities such as restaurants and lounges, and emergency services. A military airport is known as an airbase in North American terminology (other countries may use the term airfield or air station in current parlance). The terms airfield and airstrip may also be used to refer to a facility that has nothing more than a runway. The term aerodrome refers to any surface used for take off or landing. The term airport refers to an aerodrome that is licensed by the responsible government organization (ie FAA, Transport Canada). Airports have to be maintained to higher safety standards. There are usually no minimum standards for a basic aerodrome. ...more on Wikipedia about "Airport"
An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer from ground transportation to the facilities that allow them to board airplanes. ...more on Wikipedia about "Airport terminal"
In the case of a radio failure or aircraft not equipped with a radio, air traffic control may use a light gun to direct the aircraft. The light gun has a focused bright beam and is capable of emitting three different colors: Red, white and green. These colors may be flashed or steady, and have different meanings to aircraft in flight or on the ground. Planes can acknowledge the instruction by wiggling their wings, moving the ailerons if on the ground, or by flashing their landing or navigation lights during hours of darkness. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aviation light signals"
A baggage carousel is a device, generally at an airport, that delivers checked luggage to the passengers at the baggage claim area at their final destination. Not all airports use these devices. Airports that do not have carousels generally deliver baggage by placing it on the floor or sliding it through an opening in a wall. ...more on Wikipedia about "Baggage carousel"
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The baggage claim area is, in airport terminology, the area of an airport where one claims one's baggage from the aircraft after a flight. ...more on Wikipedia about "Baggage claim"
Capitan Corbeta CA Curbelo International Airport is an aviation facility located in Maldonado, Uruguay. The airport mainly serves passengers traveling to nearby Punta del Este, although it generally serves cities surrounding the Maldonado area. Because of it's closeness to Puna del Este, a popular beach resort city, it is sometimes referred to as "Punta del Este International Airport" or "Punta del Este Airport" by passengers using it. ...more on Wikipedia about "Capitan Corbeta CA Curbelo International Airport"
Check Point Mailers are installations at airports in the United States that you can use to mail prohibited items to yourself rather than have the Transportation Security Administration, which runs most airport security in the United States, confiscate and destroy them. ...more on Wikipedia about "Check Point Mailers"
A Civil Enclave is an area alloted at an airport belonging to the armed forces, for the usage of civil aircrafts and civil aviation related services. ...more on Wikipedia about "Civil enclave"
Class B Airports in the United States. The airspace around the busiest US airports is classified as ICAO Class B. This protects the approach and departure paths from aircraft not under Air traffic control. All aircraft inside Class B airspace are subject to Air traffic control. Traffic operating under VFR must be identified on radar and explicitly cleared into the airspace before they can enter. The airspace is commonly depicted as resembling an "upside down wedding cake". The inner most ring extends from the surface area around the airport to typically 10,000' MSL. Several outer rings usually surround it with progressively higher floors to allow traffic into nearby airports without entering the primary airport's Class B. ...more on Wikipedia about "Class B airports"
* SFB / KSFB Orlando Sanford International (effective 2/16/06) ** ...more on Wikipedia about "Class C airports"
A control tower (ATCT) is part of an airport from which air traffic control is conducted. Control towers generally rise high above other structures at the airport to give air traffic controllers a view of aircraft moving about on the ground and in the air around the airport. They usually have windows that circle the entire top floor, giving 360 degrees of viewable area. Small airports may have only one person staffing the control tower, and may not keep the tower open 24 hours per day. Larger airports usually have space for several controllers to work and operate 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. Control Towers usually contain the following: ...more on Wikipedia about "Control tower"
A critical area refers to a designated area of an airport that all aircraft must remain clear of when another aircraft is inbound on an instrument approach. These areas are used to protect against signal interference that may lead to navigational errors, or worse. ...more on Wikipedia about "Critical area"
A displaced threshold is a runway threshold located at a point other than the physical end of the runway. The portion of the runway so displaced may be used for takeoff but not for landing. Landing aircraft may use the displaced area on the opposite end for roll out. ...more on Wikipedia about "Displaced threshold"
A Domestic airport is an airport which handles only domestic flights or flights within the same country. Domestic airports don't have customs and immigration facilities and are therefore incapable of handling flights to or from a foreign airport. ...more on Wikipedia about "Domestic airport"
An Engineered Materials Arrestor System is a barrier built of a lightweight, crushable concrete that absorbs the energy to swiftly bring an aircraft that has overrun a runway to a stop. This is a similar concept to the runaway truck ramp made of gravel. An EMAS is intended to stop aircraft that have overshot a runway when there is an insufficient free space for a standard runway safety area or RSA. It has successfully stopped aircraft three times at JFK airport since installation in 1999. The December 8, 2005 accident of Southwest Airlines Flight 1248 has brought up questions in the media about the need for EMAS at Midway Airport which is located in a heavily congested area. ...more on Wikipedia about "Engineered Materials Arrestor System"
A Fixed Base Operator (also known as Fixed Base of Operation), or FBO, is a service center at an airport that may be a private enterprise or may be a department of the municipality that the airport serves. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fixed base operator"
In the airline industry, a focus city is a location that is not a hub, but from which the airline has flights to at least several destinations other than its hubs. For example, Northwest Airlines had focus city operations at both Milwaukee and Indianapolis, where Northwest served 22 non-hub destinations from Indianapolis (which made 25 total destinations, however, some of these are only served seasonally), while Northwest served 11 non-hub destinations from Milwaukee (which made 14 total destinations, and again some are only seasonal). As of November 2005, Northwest has begun the process of pulling down its Milwaukee focus operations. ...more on Wikipedia about "Focus city"
A Hardened Aircraft Shelter (HAS), or Protective Aircraft Shelter (PAS), is a structure which houses and protects military aircraft from enemy attack. Cost considerations and building practicalities limit their use to fighter size aircraft. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hardened Aircraft Shelter" shortopedia, it's as simple as that! Airports
An International airport is an airport where flights from other countries land and/or take off. Such airports are usually larger, and often feature longer runways and facilities to accommodate the large aircraft commonly used for international or intercontinental travel. International airports often host domestic flights (flights which take place inside only one country) in addition to international flights. In many smaller countries most airports are international airports, so the concept of an "international airport" has little meaning. ...more on Wikipedia about "International airport"
A Jetway, jet bridge or aerobridge is a moveable bridge, normally enclosed, which extends from an airport terminal allowing passengers to board an airplane without having to go outside. ...more on Wikipedia about "Jetway"
Landing fees are a charge paid by an airline to an airport company for landing at a paticular airport. Landing fees can vary greatly between airports, with congested airports, ones where most of the landing slots are held by airlines being able to charge premium prices because of supply and demand, while less congested airports charge less because the demand is not as high. The money generated by landing fees is used to pay for the maintenance or expansion of the airport's buildings, runways, aprons and taxiways. ...more on Wikipedia about "Landing fees"
See also: Latitude and longitude of airports near U.S. cities ...more on Wikipedia about "List of airports"
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