Calcination is the process of heating a substance to a high temperature, but below its melting or fusing point, to bring about thermal decomposition or a phase transition in its physical or chemical constitution. The process, which usually takes place in long cylindrical kilns, often has the effect of making a substance friable. ...more on Wikipedia about "Calcination"
Ceration is a chemical process, a common practice in alchemy. It is one of the commonly accepted 12 vital alchemical processes. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ceration"
Congelation is the process by which something congeals, or thickens. This lower viscosity can be achieved through a reduction in temperature or through chemical reactions. Sometimes this viscosity is low enough to crystallize or solidify. ...more on Wikipedia about "Congelation"
Dissolution can have the following meanings: ...more on Wikipedia about "Dissolution"
Distillation is a method of separation of substances based on differences in their vapor pressures. ...more on Wikipedia about "Distillation"
In its strictest sense, fermentation (formerly called zymosis) is the anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule, such as glucose, without net oxidation. Fermentation does not release all the available energy in a molecule; it merely allows glycolysis (a process that yields two ATP per glucose) to continue by replenishing reduced coenzymes. Fermentation yields lactate, acetic acid, ethanol, or other reduced metabolites. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fermentation"
In chemistry and alchemy, filtration is the process of using a filter to mechanically separate a mixture. ...more on Wikipedia about "Filtration"
In alchemy, Multiplication refers to the Magnum Opus, the creation of a Philosopher's stone. This is achieved by a complex process by which a fermented or putrefied substance combines with and transforms another substance. ...more on Wikipedia about "Multiplication (alchemy)"
Projection was the ultimate goal of Western alchemy. Once a philosopher's stone (or powder of projection) had been created, one would use the process of Projection to transmute a "lesser" substance into a "higher" form, often Lead into Gold. ...more on Wikipedia about "Projection (alchemy)"
Putrefaction is the decomposition of animal proteins, especially by anaerobic microorganisms. Decomposition is a more general process. It results usually in amines such as putrescine and cadaverine, which have a putrid odor. Material that is subject to putrefaction is called putrescible. ...more on Wikipedia about "Putrefaction"
In chemistry, a solution is a homogeneous mixture of one or more substances (the solutes) dissolved in another substance (the solvent). A common example would be a solid dissolving into a liquid, like salt or sugar dissolving in water (or even gold into mercury, forming an amalgam); but also gases may dissolve into liquids, like carbon dioxide or oxygen in water, and liquids and gases into themselves. ...more on Wikipedia about "Solution"
Sublimation of an element or substance is a conversion between the solid and the gaseous phases of matter, with no intermediate liquid stage. Sublimation is a phase transition that occurs at temperatures and pressures below the triple point (see phase diagram). ...more on Wikipedia about "Sublimation (physics)"
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