Amphipoles, in antiquity, were archons, or chief magistrates, of the city of Syracuse. They were first established by Timoleon, after his expulsion of Dionysius the Elder, tyrant of Syracuse. They governed Syracuse for a space of three hundred years; and Diodorus Siculus assures us, they subsisted even in his time (c. 90 BC to c. 30 BC). ...more on Wikipedia about "Amphipole"
Anax is an ancient Greek word for " high king". It was one of two Greek titles traditionally translated this way, the other being basileus, which also translate as sovereign. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anax"
Apella was the official title of the popular assembly in the Ancient Greek city-state of Sparta, corresponding to the ecclesia in most other Greek states. Every Spartan male full citizen who had completed his thirtieth year was entitled to attend the meetings, which, according to Lycurgus's ordinance, must be held at the time of each full moon within the boundaries of Sparta. ...more on Wikipedia about "Apella"
Archon (Gr. αρχων, pl. αρχοντες ; Archōn) is a Greek word that means "ruler" or the like, though it is frequently encountered as the title of some specific public office. In form the word is simply the masculine participle of the verb stem αρχο-, derived from the same root that appears in words such as monarch and hierarchy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Archon"
Archon Basileus was a Greek title, composed of the word archon and of Basileus, which meant " sovereign". ...more on Wikipedia about "Archon basileus"
This is a list of the eponymous archons of Athens. ...more on Wikipedia about "Archons of Athens"
Basileus ( Greek Βασιλεύς) means " sovereign". It is perhaps best known in English as a title used by Byzantine monarchs, but also has a longer history of use in Ancient Greece. ...more on Wikipedia about "Basileus"
* The term boule can be used to describe a large block of synthetically produced crystal material. ...more on Wikipedia about "Boule"
Krypteia or Crypteia (Gr. κρυπτεία / krupteía, from κρυπτός / kruptós, “hidden, secret things”) was a tradition involving young Spartans, part of the agoge (Spartan education). Its goal and nature are still a matter of discussion among historians. ...more on Wikipedia about "Crypteia"
In general Diadochi (in Greek Διάδοχοι, transcripted Diadochoi) means "successors", such that the neoplatonic refounders of Plato's Academy in Late Antiquity referred to themselves as diadochi (of Plato). ...more on Wikipedia about "Diadochi"
* the term ecclesia or ekklesia ( Greek έκκλησία) can also refer to " church" in Modern Greek. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ecclesia (ancient Athens)"
An ephor was an official of ancient Sparta. There were five ephors elected annually, who swore each month to uphold the rule of the kings, while the kings swore to uphold the law. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ephor"
(1) The Gerousia was the Spartan senate. Meaning Council of Elders it consisted of thirty members including the two kings. Members had to be over the age of 60 and were elected for life. Theoretically, any Spartan citizen of the right age could stand but in practice members were selected from the most important aristocratic families. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gerousia"
Warfare in Ancient Greece centered mainly around heavy infantrymen called hoplites. The word hoplite ( Greek , hoplitēs) derives from hoplon ( , plural hopla, ) meaning an item of armour or equiment and consequently the entire equipment of the hoplite (but not specifically the circular shield, which is sometimes incorrectly referred to as a hoplon, though it was in fact called an aspis). These soldiers probably first appeared in the late 8th century BC. These were a citizen- militia, and so were armed as spearmen, which are relatively easy to equip and maintain; mainly they represented the middle class, who could afford the cost of the armaments. Almost all the famous men of ancient Greece, even the philosophers and playwrights, fought as hoplites at some point in their lives. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hoplite" Connect with shortopedia. shortopedia
King of Asia was the title that Alexander the Great took after the Battle of Gaugamela in 331 BC. It passed on to his heirs, but none of them held any actual power, either in Asia or any other part of his empire; the actual power fell to the numerous regents or the rebellious satraps. With the extinction of his dynasty and the rise of the Diadochi, the title fell out of use. ...more on Wikipedia about "King of Asia"
Before the Athenian democracy, the tyrants, and the archons, Athens was ruled by kings. Most of these are probably mythical or only semi-historical. This list is based on that given by Eusebius. ...more on Wikipedia about "King of Athens"
Macedon (also known as Macedonia) was an ancient kingdom in the present-day territory of northern Greece, inhabited by the Ancient Macedonians. It emerged into prominence in the 4th century BC when King Philip II conquered the Greek city-states. Philip's son, Alexander the Great, conquered the Persian Empire a few years later. The Kingdom of Macedon itself soon lost direct control of these vast Asian territories, but it retained its hegemony over Greece itself until defeated by the Roman Republic in the Macedonian Wars (215 - 148 BC). ...more on Wikipedia about "Kings of Macedon"
Sparta was an important Greek city-state in the Peloponnesus. It was unusual among Greek city-states in that it maintained its Kingship past the Archaic age. It was even more unusual in that it had two kings simultaneously, coming from two separate lines. According to tradition, the two lines (the Agiads and Eurypontids) descended from the twins Eurysthenes (the Agiads) and Procles the descendants of Heracles who supposedly conquered Sparta two generations after the Trojan War. Although there are lists of the earlier purported Kings of Sparta, there is little evidence for the existence of any kings before the mid 6th Century BC or so. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kings of Sparta"
Laconophiles are those who have a love of Lacedaemon or Sparta, in Laconia, and its culture and laws. Those who admire the Spartans praise their valor in war, their military success, their aristocratic and virtuous ways, the stable order of their political life and their constitution, with its tripartite mixed government. "Many of the noblest and best of the Athenians always considered the Spartan state nearly as an ideal theory realised in practice;..." [Mueller:Dorians II, 192]. ...more on Wikipedia about "Laconophile"
A peltast was a type of light infantry in Ancient Greece who often served as skirmishers. Peltasts carried a crescent-shaped wicker shield called pelte (latin: peltarion) as their only protection, hence their name. Their weapons consisted of several javelins, often with throwing straps to increase standoff power. In the Archaic period the Greek martial tradition had been focused almost exclusively on the heavy infantry or hoplites. Peltast became gradually more important in Greek warfare, in particular during the Peloponnesian War. The Athenian general Iphicrates destroyed a Spartan phalanx using mostly peltasts, although the use of the word peltast in Greek accounts about him is widely disputed, with some authorities saying that his "peltasts" were lightly-armored hoplites carrying the pelte shield in conjunction with longer spears--a combination that has been interpreted as a direct ancestor to the Macedonian phalanx. ...more on Wikipedia about "Peltast"
A polemarch was one of the magistrates of ancient Athens. Originally, the polemarch was a commander of the army, but after 487 BC/ 486 BC, when the Athenian magistrates were appointed by lot, the military duties were handled by the strategoi. This office also had religious and legal functions. ...more on Wikipedia about "Polemarch" Tell your opinion about www.shortopedia.com
The prytaneis (literally "presidents") of ancient Athens were members of the boule chosen to perform executive tasks during their term (a prytany), which lasted about one month and then was rotated to other members of the boule. ...more on Wikipedia about "Prytaneis"
The Ptolemaic dynasty was a Greek royal family which ruled over Egypt for nearly 300 years, from 305 BC to 30 BC. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ptolemaic dynasty"
The Seven Sages (of Greece) (c. 620 BCE– 550 BCE) was primarily the title given by Greek tradition to seven men of note considered to be wise. The major questions are, who considered them to be wise, on what basis, and why the number seven. ...more on Wikipedia about "Seven Sages of Greece"
The word sibyl comes (via Latin) from the Greek word sibylla, meaning prophetess. The earlier oracular seeresses known as the sibyls of antiquity prophesied at certain holy sites, probably all of pre-Indo-European origin, under the divine influence of a deity, originally one of the chthonic earth-goddesses. Later in antiquity, sibyls wandered from place to place. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sibyl"
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