Anabasis is the most famous work of the Greek writer Xenophon. The journey it narrates is his best known accomplishment. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anabasis (Xenophon)"
Anabasis Alexandri The Campaigns of Alexander by Arrian is the most important source on Alexander the Great. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anabasis Alexandri"
The Archimedes Palimpsest ** is a palimpsest on parchment in the form of a codex which originally was a copy of an otherwise unknown work of the ancient mathematician, physicist, and engineer Archimedes of Syracuse and other authors. Archimedes lived in the third century BC, but the copy was made in the 10th century by an anonymous scribe. In the 12th century the codex was unbound and washed, in order that the parchment leaves could be folded in half and reused for a Christian liturgical text. It was a book of nearly 90 pages before being made a palimpsest of 177 pages; the older leaves folded so that each became two leaves of the liturgical book. Fortunately, the erasure was incomplete, and Archimedes' work is now readable using digital processing of ultraviolet and visible light. ...more on Wikipedia about "Archimedes Palimpsest"
On the Sizes and Distances [of the Sun and Moon] is the only extant work written by Aristarchus of Samos, an ancient Greek astronomer who lived circa 310 BC - 230 BC. In this work, he calculates the sizes of the Sun and Moon, as well as their distances from the Earth in Earth radii. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aristarchus On the Sizes and Distances"
Arithmetica, an ancient text on mathematics written by classical period Greek mathematician Diophantus in the second century AD is a collection of 130 algebra problems giving numerical solutions of determinate equations (those with a unique solution), and indeterminate equations. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arithmetica"
Categories (or "Categoriae") is a text from Aristotle's Organon that enumerates all the possible kinds of thing which can be the subject or the predicate of a proposition. ...more on Wikipedia about "Categories (Aristotle)"
Cyropaedia (lit. "The Education of Cyrus"), sometimes considered the masterpiece of Xenophon of Athens, is a fictional biography of Cyrus the Great, who was the most well known conqueror in antiquity prior to Alexander. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cyropaedia (Xenophon)"
The Ephesian Tale of Anthia and Habrocomes by Xenophon of Ephesus is a novel belonging to the mid second century of the Common Era. Translator Graham Anderson sees the Ephesiaca as "a specimen of penny dreadful literature in antiquity." Moses Hadas, an earlier translator, takes a slightly different view: "If An Ephesian Tale is an absorbing tale of love and improbable adventure, it is also a tract to prove that Diana of the Ephesians (who was equated with Isis) cares for her loyal devotees." ...more on Wikipedia about "Ephesian Tale"
Euclid's Elements ( Greek: ) is a mathematical and geometric treatise, consisting of 13 books, written by the Greek mathematician Euclid around 300 BC. It comprises a collection of definitions, postulates ( axioms), propositions ( theorems) and proofs thereof. Euclid's books are in the fields of Euclidean geometry, as well as the ancient Greek version of number theory. The Elements is one of the oldest extant axiomatic deductive treatments of geometry, and has proved instrumental in the development of logic and modern science. ...more on Wikipedia about "Euclid's Elements"
The Geoponica is a twenty-book collection of agricultural lore, compiled during the 10th century in Constantinople for the Byzantine emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus. The Greek word Geoponica signifies "agricultural pursuits" in its widest sense. ...more on Wikipedia about "Geoponica"
Hellenica is an important work of the Greek writer Xenophon and one of the principle sources for the final seven years of the Peloponnesian War not covered by Thucydides, and the war's aftermath. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hellenica (Xenophon)"
The Hippocratic Corpus is a library, or rather, the remains of a library. Although the thirty four books which are included in the collection were attributed to Hippocrates himself in antiquity, scholars now know that they were in all likelihood composed between the 6th and 4th centuries BC. Between the career of Hippocrates andthe pre- Socratic philosophers a special kind of prose for medical writings was developed in Greece. Although the island home Cos of Hippocrates is located within what was a Doric speaking region, the medical writers of Cos who developed the Hippocratic treatises appropriated the dialect of philosophy, that is Ionic Greek. The use of Ionic instead of the native Doric dialect is analogous to the practice of Renaissance scientists, such as Andreas Vesalius, using Latin instead of the vernacular for their treatises. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hippocratic Corpus"
Historia Plantarum ( Latin for History of Plants) is the name by which is known an atlas of botany written by Theophrastus between the third and the second century BC. This work was organised in ten books, and is an encyclopedia of the plant kingdom, in which a draft taxonomy is sketched, together with a basic classification of plant "elements". ...more on Wikipedia about "Historia Plantarum"
The Histories of Herodotus by Herodotus of Halicarnassus is considered the first work of history in Western literature. Written about 440 BC, The Histories tells the story of the war between the Persian Empire and the Greek city-states in the 5th century BC. Herodotus traveled extensively around the ancient world, conducting interviews and collecting stories for his book. At the beginning of The Histories, Herodotus set out his reasons for writing it: ...more on Wikipedia about "Histories (Herodotus)"
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History of Animals (or "Historia Animalium", or "On the History of Animals") is a zoological natural history text by Aristotle. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of Animals"
Mechanical Problems (or Mechanica) is a text by Aristotle. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mechanical Problems"
Also known by the Greek tiltle Apomnemoneumata, the alternate (and more accurate) Latin translation Commentarii, and a variety of English translations (Recollections, Memoirs, etc.). The lengthiest and most famous of Xenophon's Socratic writings, the Memorabilia is a more serious apologia (defense) of Socrates than either Xenophon's Apology or Plato's Apology. The first few chapters give responses to the charges against Socrates made in the Kategoria of Polycrates the sophist, and the rest of the work consists of short episodes of Socrates conversing with friends, rival teachers, and notable Greeks, with a few narrative remarks on Socrates' teachings. ...more on Wikipedia about "Memorabilia (Xenophon)"
Meteorology (or "Meteorologica") is a text by Aristotle which contains his theories about the earth sciences. These include early accounts of water evaporation, weather phenomena, and earthquakes. ...more on Wikipedia about "Meteorology (Aristotle)"
The Misopogon, or Beard-Hater, is a satirical essay on philosophers by the Roman Emperor Julian. It was written in Koine Greek. ...more on Wikipedia about "Misopogon"
Nicomachean Ethics (sometimes spelled 'Nichomachean'), is a work by Aristotle on virtue and character and plays a prominent role in defining Aristotelian ethics. The ten books which comprise it are based on notes from his lectures at the Lyceum and were either edited by or dedicated to Aristotle's son, Nicomachus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nicomachean Ethics"
Oeconomicus or Xenophon is a Socratic dialogue on household management and farming, one of the earliest works on economics and one of the most important sources of information on the relations of men and women in ancient Greece. ...more on Wikipedia about "Oeconomicus (Xenophon)"
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On Dreams (or "De Insomniis") is a text by Aristotle. ...more on Wikipedia about "On Dreams"
On Generation and Corruption (or "De Generatione et Corruptione") is a text by Aristotle. Like many of his texts, it is both scientific and philosophic. The philosophy, though, is dependant on the scientific; as in all Aristotle's works, the deductions made about the unexperienced and unobservabled are based on observations and real experiences. ...more on Wikipedia about "On Generation and Corruption"
De Interpretatione or Hermeneutics (Peri Hermeneias) is a work of the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, mainly on the philosophy of language. Hermeneutics nowadays means the philosophical science of interpreting of texts (e.g. The Bible), but in greek hermeneuein also (and in the present case mainly) means „to declare” or „to enunciate”, so translating Hermeneutics as De Interpretatione is loose, a better translation would be De Propositionibus. ...more on Wikipedia about "On Interpretation"
On Longevity and Shortness of Life (or "De Longitudine et Brevitate Vitae") is a text by Aristotle. ...more on Wikipedia about "On Longevity and Shortness of Life"
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