The Cassetani were an ancient Iberian (Pre- Roman) people of the Iberian peninsula (the Roman Hispania). They are believed to be of Iberian language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cassetani"
The Catacomb culture, ca. 3000-2200 BC, refers to an early bronze age culture occupying essentially what is present-day Ukraine. It was related to the Yamna culture, and would seem more of an areal term to cover several smaller related archaeological cultures. ...more on Wikipedia about "Catacomb culture"
According to brief mentions by Herodotus and some other classical writers, the Caucones (or Kaukones) were an indigenous (" autochthonous") tribe of Anatolia (modern-day Turkey), who were displaced or absorbed by the immigrant Bithynians, who were a group of clans from Thrace that spoke an Indo-European language. Thracian Bithynians also expelled or subdued the Mysians, and some minor tribes, the Mariandyni alone maintaining themselves in cultural independence, in the northeast of what became Bithynia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Caucones"
The Celtiberians (or Celt-Iberians) were a Celtic people living in the Iberian Peninsula, chiefly in what is now north central Spain and northern Portugal, before and during the Roman Empire. The group originated when Celts migrated from what is now France and integrated with the local Iberian people. ...more on Wikipedia about "Celtiberians"
The Celtici ( Latin for "Celts") were an ancient Celtic tribe of Lusitania, akin to the Lusitanians and Gallaecians, living in what today are the provinces of Alentejo and the Algarve in modern Portugal, though some migrated north alongside some of the Turduli. They are the result of a third or even fourth wave of Indo-European migrations into the Iberian peninsula (whom the Romans called Hispania) that occurred in the 4th Century BC, and where, most likely, members of the La Tène culture. ...more on Wikipedia about "Celtici"
Cernavoda culture, ca. 4000— 3200 BC, a late copper age archaeological culture of the lower Bug River and Danube located along the coast of the Black Sea and somewhat inland. It is named after the Romanian town of Cernavodă. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cernavoda culture"
Chaldea, "the Chaldees" of the KJV Old Testament, was a Hellenistic designation for a part of Babylonia. One early such reference is to the impending sack of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar II ( Habakkuk 1:6). The Hebrew name for ancient Chaldeans was כשדים (Kasdim). ...more on Wikipedia about "Chaldea"
Chandravarma Kamboja is the first Kamboja king mentioned by name in the Mahabharata. He appears to have been an ancient and very powerful ruler of the Kambojas. He finds mention in the Adiparva section of the epic where he is stated to be an Asura or a demonic ruler (See main entry candra in Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary) ** . ...more on Wikipedia about "Chandravarma Kamboja"
Characene was a kingdom within the Parthian empire at the Persian Gulf. Its capital was Charax Spasinou. The city was an important port in the trade from Mesopotamia to India. ...more on Wikipedia about "Characene"
The Chernyakhov culture (also known as Cherniakhiv culture) ( second century to fifth century) was a material culture, the distribution of which corresponded roughly to Ukraine and parts of Belarus. The term came from the site where the first burial ground of this culture was found, the village of Cherniakhiv in Ukraine's Kiev Oblast (Chernyakhov in Russian). Around the year 300, the same culture extended into Romania where, for political reasons, it is called the Sintana de Mures culture. It is attested to in thousands of sites. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chernyakhov culture"
The Cimmerians (Greek Kimmerioi) were ancient equestrian nomads who, according to Herodotus, originally inhabited the region north of the Caucasus and the Black Sea, in what is now Russia and Ukraine, in the 8th and 7th century BC. Assyrian records, however, first place them in the region of Azerbaijan in 714 BC. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cimmerians"
The Coelerni were an ancient Celtiberian tribe of Lusitania, akin to the Lusitanians and Calaicians or Gallaeci, living in the north of modern Portugal, in the province of Trás-os-Montes, in the mountains between the rivers Tua and Sabor. ...more on Wikipedia about "Coelerni"
Cóiced Ol nEchmacht, ancient name for the province of Connacht, Ireland. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cóiced Ol nEchmacht"
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In ancient geography, Colchis (sometimes spelled also as Kolchis) ( Greek: Κολχίς, kŏl´kĬs; Georgian: კოლხეთი, Kolkheti) was a nearly triangular district in Caucasus. Now the western part of Georgia, it was in Greek mythology the home of Aeetes and Medea and the destination of the Argonauts. The ancient area is represented roughly by the present day Georgian provinces of Mingrelia, Imereti, Guria, Ajaria, Svaneti and Racha, and also Abkhazia and the modern Turkey’s Rize Province and parts of Trabzon and Artvin Province. ...more on Wikipedia about "Colchis"
The Conmaicne or Conmhaicne (descendants of Con Mhac) were an ancient tribal grouping that were divided into a number of distinct branches that were found scattered around Ireland in the early medieval period. They take their name from a mythical ancestor known as Con Mhac "hound son". ...more on Wikipedia about "Conmaicne"
(Conmaicne Mara) The Conmhaicne (descendants of Con Mhac) were an ancient tribal grouping that were divided into a number of distinct branches that were found scattered around Ireland in the early medieval period. They take their name from a mythical ancestor known as Con Mhac "hound son". ...more on Wikipedia about "Conmaicne Mara"
The Contestani were an ancient Iberian (Pre- Roman) people of the Iberian peninsula (the Roman Hispania). They are believed to be of Iberian language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Contestani"
The Corded Ware culture, Battle Axe culture or Single Grave culture is an enormous European archaeological horizon that begins in the late Neolithic ( stone age), flourishes through the copper age and finally culminates in the early bronze age, developing in various areas from ca. 3200 BC/ 2900 BC to ca. 2300 BC/ 1800 BC. With the Yamna culture, it represents the introduction of metal into Northern Europe, and the earliest expansion of the Indo-European family of languages. ...more on Wikipedia about "Corded Ware culture"
The Cruithne or Cruthin were a historical people known to have lived in Ireland, particularly in Ulster, in early medieval times. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cruithne (people)"
Cuicuilco was an ancient city (circa 700 B.C. to A.D. 150) in the central Mexican highlands, near the southeastern portion of the valley of Mexico and is a significant archaeological site. According to translations of ancient Nahuatl, Cuicuilco can be interpreted as the "place of prayer" or the "place of the rainbow." The extended community, with its remains of an ancient ceremonial center, dates from approximately 700 B.C., and so may be the oldest civilization in this area of Mexico. It appears that, although an independent entity, the city may have had contact with the Olmec civilization to the south. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cuicuilco"
The term Kven (a.k.a. Kveeni, Kvaen, Cwen, Quen, Quain, Qwaen) refers to the northern Scandinavian people, who are of a pre 20th century Finnish origin. In modern terminology, however, only those of Finnish background living in Northern Norway are called Kvens. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cwen"
The Dacians ( Lat. Daci, Gr. Dákai) were an Indo-European people, ancient inhabitants of Dacia (corresponding to modern Romania) and parts of Moesia in southeastern Europe. The first mention of them is in Roman sources, but classical authors are unanimous in considering the Dacians a branch of the Getae, a Thracian people known from Greek writings. Strabo specified that the Daci are the Getae who lived in the area towards the Pannonian plain ( Transylvania), while the Getae proper gravitated towards the Black Sea coast ( Scythia Minor). ...more on Wikipedia about "Dacians"
The Dalmatae (or Delmetae) were an ancient people who inhabited the core of what would become known as Dalmatia after the Roman conquest. The Dalmatae are generally classed as an Illyrian tribe, although for most of their history they were independent of the Illyrian kingdom which bordered to the south of them. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dalmatae"
The Dardani were an ancient Indo-European tribe that lived in Dardania and was likely of mixed Illyrian- Thracian descent, as indicated by both archaeological evidence and classical references. They are sometimes referred to as a Celtic tribe as well, though archaeology does not indicate this. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dardani"
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