Adonis, an annual vegetation life-death-rebirth deity, imported from Syrian into Greek mythology, always retained aspects of his Semitic Near Eastern origins and was one of the most complex cult figures in classical times. He had multiple roles and there has been much scholarship over the centuries of his meaning and purpose in the Greek religious beliefs. His Semitic counterpart is Tammuz. His Etruscan counterpart was Atunis. (Some mythologists believe he was later exported to Germania, and his counterpart in Germanic mythology is Baldr.) He is an annually-renewed, ever-youthful vegetation god, a life-death-rebirth deity whose nature is tied to the calendar. His cult belonged to women: the cult of dying Adonis was fully-developed in the circle of young girls around Sappho on Lesbos, about 600 BCE, as a fragment of Sappho reveals. ...more on Wikipedia about "Adonis"
Anat, also ‘Anat (in ASCII spelling `Anat and often simplified to Anat), Hebrew or Phoenician ענת (‘Anāt), Ugaritic ‘nt, Greek Αναθ (transliterated Anath), in Egyptian rendered as Antit, Anit, Anti (not to be confused with Anti) , or Anant, is a major northwest Semitic goddess. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anat"
Aram Damascus was an Aramean state centered around Damascus in Syria, from the late 12th century BCE to 734 BCE. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aram Damascus"
Aram Rehob was an early Aramaean kingdom, of which the chief city was Rehob or Beth-Rehob, associated with Aram-Zobah as hostile to King David. Num. xiii. 21 and Judges xviii. 28 place a Beth-Rehob in the Lebanon region near Tel Dan. Moore (Commentary on Judges, p. 399) conjecturally identifies it with Paneas. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aram Rehob"
Aram-Naharaim or " Aram of the two rivers," an ill-defined region that is mentioned six times in the Hebrew Bible. The specific "two rivers" are variously identified by various scholars, though one of the rivers is generally the Euphrates. The compilers of the Jewish Encyclopedia, in 1901 did not find the name in Babylonian or Assyrian inscriptions, but identified it with Nahrima in three tablets of the Amarna correspondence. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aram-Naharaim"
Aramaea is the land of the Aramaeans. In the Hebrew Bible, it is called " Aram-Naharaim", meaning "Aram (highland) of two rivers", to distinguish it from other Arams. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aramaea"
The Aramaeans, or Arameans, were a Semitic, seminomadic and pastoralist people who originated and had lived in upper Mesopotamia and Syria . Aramaeans have never had a unified empire; they were divided in independent kingdoms all across the Near East. Yet to these Aramaeans befell the privilege of imposing their language and culture upon the entire Near East and beyond. Scholars even have used the term 'Aramaization' for the Syro-Mesopotamian peoples, languages and cultures that have been made 'Aramean'. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arameans"
Aretas IV Philopatris was the King of the Nabataeans from roughly 9 BC to AD 40. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aretas IV Philopatris"
Balaam ( Hebrew בִּלְעָם, Standard Hebrew Bilʻam, Tiberian Hebrew Bilʻām) is a prophet in the torah, his story occurring towards the end of the Book of Numbers. The etymology of his name is uncertain, and discussed below. Every ancient reference to Balaam considers him a non- Israelite, a prophet, and the son of Beor, though Beor is not so clearly identified. Despite, in the main story concerning him, the apparantly positive blessings he delivers upon the Israelites, Jewish writing reviles Balaam, and considers him a wicked man. ...more on Wikipedia about "Balaam"
Bashan (meaning "light soil") is a biblical place first mentioned in Genesis 14:5, where it is said that Chedorlaomer and his confederates "smote the Rephaim in Ashteroth," where Og the king of Bashan had his residence. At the time of Israel's entrance into the Promised Land, Og came out against them, but was utterly routed ( Numbers 21:33-35; Deuteronomy 3:1-7). This country extended from Gilead in the south to Hermon in the north, and from the Jordan river on the west to Salcah on the east. Along with the half of Gilead it was given to the half- tribe of Manasseh ( Joshua 13:29-31). Golan, one of its cities, became a "city of refuge" (Josh. 21:27). ...more on Wikipedia about "Bashan"
The Battle of Karkar (or Qarqar) was fought in 853 BC when the army of Assyria, led by king Shalmaneser III, encountered an allied army of 12 kings at Karkar led by Hadadezer of Damascus. This battle is notable for having a larger number of combatants than any previous battle, and for being the first instance some peoples enter recorded history (such as the Arabs). It is recorded on The Kurkh Monolith. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of Karkar"
Bar-Hadad III ( Aram.) or Ben-Hadad III ( Heb.) was the son of Hazael and succeeded him after his death as the King of Aram- Damascus. His succession is mentioned in II Kings 13:3, 24. He is thought to have ruled from 796 BC to 792 BC, although there are many conflicting opinions among Biblical archaeologists as to the length of his reign. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ben-Hadad III"
Berothah or Berothai was a city in ancient Syria belonging to Hadadezer bar Rehob, king of Zobah in the early tenth century BCE. (II Sam. viii. 8) It is identified by many scholars with the Berothah mentioned in Ezekiel xlvii. 16, which was between Hamath and Damascus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Berothah"
Bethuel ( Hebrew for “house of God”), in the Hebrew Bible, was an Aramean man ( Gen. 28:5 ), the youngest son of Nahor and Milchah ( Gen. 22:21-22 ), the nephew of Abraham, and the father of Laban and Rebekah. ( Gen. 22:23 ; Gen. 28:5. ) ...more on Wikipedia about "Bethuel" The http://www.shortopedia.com spirit Aramaeans
Chaldea, "the Chaldees" of the KJV Old Testament, was a Hellenistic designation for a part of Babylonia. One early such reference is to the impending sack of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar II ( Habakkuk 1:6). The Hebrew name for ancient Chaldeans was כשדים (Kasdim). ...more on Wikipedia about "Chaldea"
Chushan-Rishathaim was king of Aram Naharaim or Northwest Mesopotamia. In the book of Judges God delivers the Israelites into his hand for eight years (Judges 3:8), however they are delivered from him by Othniel, son of Kenaz (Judges 3:9). ...more on Wikipedia about "Chushan-Rishathaim"
Dagon was a major northwest Semitic god, the god of grain and agriculture according to the few sources to speak of the matter, worshipped by the early Amorites, by the people of Ebla, by the people of Ugarit and a chief god (perhaps the chief god) of the Biblical Philistines. His name appears in Hebrew as דגון (in modern transcription Dagon, Tiberian Hebrew Dāḡôn), in Ugaritic as dgn (probably vocalized as Dagnu), and in Akkadian as Dagana, Daguna usually rendered in English translations as Dagan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dagon"
Damascus ( Arabic officially دمشق Dimashq, colloquially ash-Sham الشام) is the capital city of Syria. It is often referred to as 'the oldest continuously-inhabited city in the world'. Its current population is estimated at about 2 million. ...more on Wikipedia about "Damascus"
Geshur was a territory in the northern part of Bashan, adjoining the province of Argob ( Deuteronomy iii. 14) and the kingdom of Aram or Syria ( II Samuel xv. 8; I Chronicles ii. 23). It was allotted to the half- tribe of Manasseh, which settled east of the Jordan river; but its inhabitants, the Geshurites, could never be expelled ( Josh. xiii. 13). In the time of David, Geshur was an independent kingdom: David married a daughter of Talmai, King of Geshur (II Sam. iii. 3). Her son Absalom fled, after the murder of his half-brother, to his mother's native country, where he stayed three years (ib. xiii. 37, xv. 8). Geshur is identified with the plateau called to-day "Lejah," in the center of the Hauran. ...more on Wikipedia about "Geshur"
Gether (Jathiar in Arabic) was the third son of Aram mentioned in the table of nations in the Book of Genesis in the Hebrew Bible. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gether"
The Ghassanids ( Arabic:الغساسنة) were Arab Christians that emigrated in the year 250 from Yemen to the Hauran, in southern Syria. The term Ghassan refers to the kingdom of the Ghassanids, and supposedly means "a spring of water". The Ghassanid emigration has been passed down in the rich oral tradition of southern Syria. It is said that the Ghassanids came from the city of Ma'rib in Yemen. There was a dam in this city, however one year there was so much rain that the dam was carried away by the ensuing flood. Thus the people there had to leave. The inhabitants emigrated seeking to live in less arid lands and became scattered far and wide. The proverb "They were scattered like the people of Saba" refers to that exodus in history. The emigrants were from the southern Arab tribe of Azd. The king Jafna bin ‘Amr emigrated with his family and retinue north and settled in Hauran (south of Damascus) where the Ghassanid state was founded. There it is assumed that the Ghassanids adopted the religion of Christianity from the native Aramaeans and Romans. Modern southern-Syrians are a mix of these three peoples. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ghassanids"
Haddad - בעל הדד - حداد (in Ugaritic Haddu) was a very important northwest Semitic storm and rain god, cognate in name and origin with the Akkadian god Adad. Hadad is often called simply Ba‘al Lord, but this title is also used for other gods. Hadad was equated with the Anatolian storm-god Teshub, the Egyptian god Set, the Greek god Zeus, and the Roman god Jupiter. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hadad"
Hadadezer ("Hadad is my help"); also known as Bar-Hadad II ( Aram.); Ben-Hadad II ( Heb. or Adad-Idri ( Assyr.) was the king of Damascus at the time of the battle of Karkar. He, along with Irhuleni of Hamath, led a coalition of eleven kings (listed as twelve) against the Assyrian king Shalmaneser III, at Karkar, and fought Shalmaneser six times with the aid of Irhuleni twice more and possibly the rest of the coalition that fought at Karkar. He appears again in the Tel Dan Stele as most likely the unknown author's father. He was succeeded by Hazael after he was suffocated in the night by him. Some accounts claim that Hazael was in fact his son. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hadadezer"
Hadadezer (" Hadad helps") the son of Rehob ( Heb. Hadadezer ben Rehob; Aram. Hadadezer bar Rehob) was king of the [[Aramaean kingdom of Zobah during the early tenth century BCE. According to II Samuel, Hadadezer allied with the Ammonites against King David of Israel but was defeated. Hadadezer's kingdom may have dominated the Aramaean states; after his defeat Damascus began its rise to prominence and states like Hamath sent grateful missives to David. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hadadezer bar Rehob"
Hama ( Arabic: حماه) is a city which is located on the Orontes river in central Syria, north of the city of Homs, midway between Damascus and Aleppo. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hama" There's a bit of www.shortopedia.com in all of us. shortopedia
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