Archaeological forgery is a manufacture of supposedly ancient items that are sold to the antiquities market and may even end up in the collections of museums. It is related to art forgery. ...more on Wikipedia about "Archaeological forgery"
Archaeoraptor was a fossil believed to be a theropod dinosaur closely related to the ancestors of birds, but which proved to be an archaeological forgery. ...more on Wikipedia about "Archaeoraptor"
The Book of Veles (also: Veles Book, Vles book, Vlesbook, Isenbeck's Planks, Велесова книга, Влес книга, Влескнига, Книга Велеса, Дощечки Изенбека, Дощьки Изенбека) is claimed to be a text of ancient Slavic religion and history. ...more on Wikipedia about "Book of Veles"
Brigido Lara (b.?) is a Mexican ex-forger of pre-Columbian antiques. He says he created maybe 40,000 pieces of forged pre-Columbian pottery. ...more on Wikipedia about "Brigido Lara"
The Calaveras Skull was a hoax perpetrated by miners in Calaveras County, California. ...more on Wikipedia about "Calaveras Skull"
Three Etruscan terracotta warriors are art forgeries, statues made to resemble work of ancient Etruscans. New York Metropolitan Museum of Art bought them between 1915 and 1921. ...more on Wikipedia about "Etruscan terracotta warriors"
Fujimura Shinichi (b. 1950?) was a Japanese amateur archaeologist who faked important discoveries for years before he was exposed in 2000. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fujimura Shinichi"
Islam Akhun was an Uighur con-man who forged numerous Sino-Indian manuscripts on birch bark and passed then off as ancient Khotanese manuscripts. Through George Macartney and Nikolai Petrovsky, the British and Russian consuls in Kashgar, his works found their way into museums in London and St. Petersburg and fooled some of the most brilliant linguists of their time, including Dr. Rudolf Hoernle. Dr. Hoernle published papers based on these manuscripts and tried, unsuccessfully, to decipher these pseudo- Brahmi manuscripts. ...more on Wikipedia about "Islam Akhun"
The James Ossuary is a sepulchral urn for containing bones, which was found in Israel in 2002 and was claimed to have been the ossuary of James, the brother of Jesus. Its provenance is now in serious doubt and it is considered a modern forgery. Its discovery was followed in January 2003 by another contentious archaeological "find" soon connected with Oded Golan, the so-called "Jehoash Inscription" (see below). ...more on Wikipedia about "James Ossuary"
Professor Johann Bartholomew Adam Beringer of the faculty of medicine of Würtzburg was the victim of a famous early 18th century hoax, perpetuated on him by his colleagues J. Ignatz Roderick, professor of geography and mathematics, and Johann Georg von Eckhart, privy counsellor and university librarian, apparently in retaliation for Beringer's habitual arrogance. The hoaxers carved limestone into the shapes of animals such as lizards, frogs, spiders on their webs, and the Hebrew name of God in Latin, Arabic, and Hebrew characters, and planted them on Mount Eibelstadt where Beringer frequently went to find fossils. ...more on Wikipedia about "Johann Beringer"
The Kensington runestone is a roughly rectangular slab of greywacke covered in runes on its face and side. Its origin and meaning have been disputed ever since it was found in 1898 near Kensington, Minnesota. It suggests that Scandinavian explorers reached the middle of North America in the 14th century, but most scholars and historians dismiss it as a prank or hoax. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kensington Runestone"
"Michigan relics" is a name for forged, supposedly ancient artifacts that were supposed to prove that ancient, Near Eastern culture had lived in Michigan, USA. ...more on Wikipedia about "Michigan relics"
Moses Shapira ( 1830- 1884) was a Jerusalem antiquities dealer and purveyor of fake biblical artifacts. ...more on Wikipedia about "Moses Shapira"
Oded Golan (b. 1951 in Tel Aviv) is an Israeli engineer and lately antiquities dealer. Some of the artifacts he claims to have uncovered have produced great excitement in religious and archeological circles, and allegations of fraud and forgery. ...more on Wikipedia about "Oded Golan"
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The Persian Princess or Persian Mummy is a mummy of an alleged Persian princess that surfaced in Pakistani Baluchistan in October 2000. After huge publicity and further investigation, the mummy proved to be an archaeological forgery and possibly a murder victim. ...more on Wikipedia about "Persian Princess"
Fragments of a skull and jaw bone collected in the early years of the twentieth century from a gravel pit at Piltdown, a village near Uckfield, in the English county of Sussex, were claimed by experts of the day to be the fossilised remains of an hitherto unknown form of early man. The latin name Eoanthropus dawsoni was given to the specimen, although it remains better known to this day as Piltdown Man. The significance of the specimen remained the subject of controversy until it was exposed in 1953 as a forgery, consisting of the lower jaw bone of an ape combined with the skull of a fully developed, modern man. It has been suggested that the forgery was the work of the person said to be its finder, Charles Dawson, after whom it was named. This view is strongly disputed and many other candidates have been proposed as the true creators of the forgery. ...more on Wikipedia about "Piltdown Man"
Priam’s Treasure is a cache of gold and other artifacts, which classical archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann claimed to have found at the site of ancient Troy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Priam's Treasure"
The Praeneste fibula or Præneste fibula (the "brooch of Palestrina") is a golden brooch that was once thought to be the earliest surviving specimen of the Latin language, but is now thought by most scholars to have been a hoax. ...more on Wikipedia about "Præneste fibula"
Pseudofossils are inorganic objects, markings, or impressions that might be mistaken for fossils. Pseudofossils may be misleading, as some types of mineral deposits can mimic lifeforms by forming what appear to be highly detailed or organized structures. One common example is when manganese oxides crystallize with a characteristic treelike or dendritic pattern along a rock fracture. The formation of frost dendrites on a window is another common example of this crystal growth. Concretions are sometimes thought to be fossils, and occasionally one contains a fossil, but are generally not fossils themselves. Chert or flint nodules in limestone can often take forms that resemble fossils. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pseudofossil"
The Sinaia lead plates are a set of lead plates written in an unknown language or constructed language and are alleged to be a chronicle of the Dacians, but they are widely considered by historians and linguists to be a 19th century fake. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sinaia lead plates"
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