Arpad was a city located in north-western Syria. Today the site is known as Tell Rif'at. In 743 BCE, Assyrian king Tiglath-pileser III led a military expedition to Syria, defeating there an army of Urartu. But the city of Arpad, which had formed an alliance with Urartu, did not surrender easily. It took Tiglath-pileser three years of siege to conquer Arpad, whereupon he massacred its inhabitants and destroyed the city. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arpad (Syria)"
The remains of the city of Banias (Arabic pronunciation of Panias) are located at the foot of Mt. Hermon in the disputed Golan Heights (claimed by Israel and Syria). The site is 95 miles north of Jerusalem and 35 miles southwest from Damascus. The city was also called Caesarea Philippi by the Romans. ...more on Wikipedia about "Banias"
Bara (بارة in Arabic) or longer Al-Bara is one of the former " Dead Cities" in northwestern Syria. It is located in the Jebel Riha, approx. 65 km north from Hama and approx. 80 km southwest from Aleppo. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bara, Syria"
Berekhat Ram, (also spelled Berekhet Ram, Berechat Ram Braikhat Ram, Bircat Ram, the Ram Pool or Lake Ram) is a Palaeolithic site near Mas'adah, at the foot of Mount Hermon, in the Golan Heights. It is the findspot of the Venus of Berekhat Ram, a pebble worked by Homo erectus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Berekhat Ram"
Bosra ( ) (see below for alternative spellings) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in southern modern-day Syria. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bosra"
Canatha was a city of the Decapolis in Roman Palestine. Canatha is to-day El-Qanawat; this village, north-east of Bostra, in the country of Syria, stands at a height of about 4100 feet, near a river and surrounded by woods. The magnificent ruins are 4800 feet in length and 2400 in breadth. Among them are a Roman bridge and a rock-hewn theatre, with nine tiers of seats and an orchestra fifty-seven feet in diameter, also a nymphaeum, an aqueduct, a large prostyle temple with portico and colonnades, and a peripteral temple preceded by a double colonnade. The monument known as Es-Serai dates from the fourth century and was originally a temple, afterwards a Christian basilica. It is seventy-two feet long, and was preceded by an outside portico and an atrium with eighteen columns. ...more on Wikipedia about "Canatha"
Chalcis was an ancient city in Syria (modern Quinnesrin). Syrian Chalcis was the birthplace of 3rd century AD Neoplatonist philosopher Iamblichus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chalcis, Syria"
The Dead Cities are a group of 700 abandoned settlements in northwest Syria between Aleppo and Hama. They date back to before the fifth century B.C and contain many remains of Christian Byzantine architecture. Two important dead cities include Serjilla and Bara. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dead Cities"
Dura-Europos ("Fort Europos") was a Hellenistic and Roman walled city built on an escarpment 90 meters above the banks of the Euphrates river. It is located near the village of Salhiyé, in today's Syria. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dura-Europos"
Ebla was an ancient city located in northern Syria, about 55 km southwest of Aleppo. It was an important city-state in two periods, first in the late third millennium BC, then again between 1800 and 1650 BC. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ebla"
The remains of the city of Gamla lies on the Golan Heights. The name is derived from the Semitic word "gamal" meaning - a camel, as it is situated on a hill shaped like a camels hump. This city is often alternatively spelled as Gamala. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gamla"
Hamoukar is the site of the world's oldest known city according to archaeologists who believe they have uncovered it ...more on Wikipedia about "Hamoukar"
(Hippos) For the Israeli car Susita, see Autocars Co. Ltd.. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hippos"
Kadesh (the most popular spelling; more accurately Qadesh) was an ancient city of the Levant, located on the Orontes River, probably identical to the remains at Tell Nebi Mend, about 24 km southwest of Hims (ca. ) in what is now western Syria. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kadesh"
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Karkar is an archaeological site in northwestern Syria. It was the site of one of the most important battles of the ancient world, the battle of Karkar, fought in 853 BC when the army of Assyria, led by king Shalmaneser III, encountered an allied army of 11 kings at Karkar led by Hadadezer of Damascus. It is situated in the fertile Orontes Valley. The site of Karkar has been excavated for some years by Dr. Rudolph Dornemann on behalf of the American Schools of Oriental Research. Dr. Dornemann has excavated the impressive defenses of the Iron Age city, with exposures revealing the earlier towns, of the Middle and Early Bronze Age. ...more on Wikipedia about "Karkar"
Mari was an ancient city in Syria situated at the modern locality of Tell Hariri, on the western bank of Euphrates river. It is thought to have been inhabited since the 5th millennium BCE, although it flourished from 2900 BCE until 1759 BCE, when it was sacked by Hammurabi. Abraham is thought to have passed through Mari on his way from Ur to Harran. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mari, Syria"
Along the middle Euphrates in Syria, the site of Mureybet was occupied from the 12th to the 8th millennium BCE. It is one of the earliest known agriculture-based settlements, the domestication of plants, one of the forces that brought about the Neolithic Revolution, was traced in successive strata, making of Mureybet one of the reference sites for the progress of the Neolithic in the Ancient Near East. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mureybet"
The Nimrod Fortress ( Arabic: Qala'at al-Subeiba or Qala'at Namrud; Hebrew: Mivtzar Nimrod מבצר נמרוד), is an ancient fortress situated in the northern Golan Heights, on a ridge rising some 800 metres (2600 feet) above sea level. It is named after the biblical hero Nimrod (Genesis 10:8-9): ...more on Wikipedia about "Nimrod Fortress"
Palmyra was in the ancient times an important city of central Syria, located in an oasis 215 km northeast of Damascus and 120 km southwest of the Euphrates. It has long been a vital caravan city for travellers crossing the Syrian desert and was known as the Bride of the Desert. The Greek name for the city, Palmyra (Παλμυρα), is a translation of its original Aramaic name, Tadmor, which means 'palm tree'. Tadmor (in Arabic تدمر) is today the name of a small city next to the ruins, heavily dependent on tourism. ...more on Wikipedia about "Palmyra"
Qatna is an ancient city in Syria, present day Tell-el-Mishrife in the Wadi il-Aswad, a tributary of the Orontes, 18 km northeast of Homs. The tell occupies 1 km², which makes it one of the biggest bronze Age towns in western Syria. The tell is located at the edge of the limestone-plateau of the Syrian desert towards the fertile Homs-Bassin. ...more on Wikipedia about "Qatna"
Resafa, known in Roman times as Sergiopolis, was a city located in what is now modern-day Syria. It is an archaeological site situated south-west of the city of Ar Raqqah and the Euphrates. ...more on Wikipedia about "Resafa"
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Serjilla ( Arabic:سيرجيلة) is one of the best preserved of the Dead Cities in northwestern Syria. It is located in the Jebel Riha, approx. 65 km north from Hama and approx. 80 km southwest from Aleppo, very close to ruins of an another "dead city" of Bara. ...more on Wikipedia about "Serjilla"
The ancient city of Sikan is on the southern edge of Ras el 'Ayn in Syria. This is the source of the Khabur River, also known as Habur. It's the location of the modern-day Tell Feheriyeh, where a famous neo-Assyrian statue of Adadit'i the king of Guzon and Sikan was discovered in the 1970s. It is thought by some scholars that Sikan is on the same site as the earlier city of Washukanni, the capital of the Mitanni Kingdom. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sikan"
Tell Abu Hureyra (" tell" is arabic for "mount") ...more on Wikipedia about "Tell Abu Hureyra"
Tell Halaf is an archaeological site in the Al Hasakah governorate of northeastern Syria, near the Turkish border. It was the first find of a Neolithic culture, subsequently dubbed the Halafian culture, characterized by glazed pottery painted with geometric and animal designs. The site dates back to the 6th millennium BCE and was later the location of the Aramaean city-state of Guzana. ...more on Wikipedia about "Tell Halaf"
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