Adamagan was an Aleut village, that at its peak was able to hold around 1000 people. This site is one of the largest sites in the ancient arctic. The area has over 250 winter houses, summer houses, underground storage pits, and many more smaller structures. ...more on Wikipedia about "Adamagan"
The Archaic period in southeastern North America lasted from roughly 8000 to 1000 BC, and was followed by the Woodland period. ...more on Wikipedia about "Archaic period in southeastern North America"
In the sequence of North American cultural stages first proposed by Gordon Willey and Phillip Phillips in 1958, the Archaic stage was the second period of human occupation in the Americas, from around 8000 BC to 1000 BC although as its ending is defined by the adoption of sedentary farming, this date can vary significantly across the Americas. ...more on Wikipedia about "Archaic stage"
The Archaeology of the Americas is the study of the archaeology of North America, Central America (or Mesoamerica), South America and the Caribbean. This includes the study of pre-historic/ Pre-Columbian and historic indigenous American peoples. ...more on Wikipedia about "Archeology of the Americas"
The arctic small tool tradition is a broad cultural entity that developed along the Alaska Peninsula, round Bristol Bay, and on the eastern shores of the Bering Strait around 2500 BC. This was a terrestrial entity that had a highly distinctive toolkit of small blades (microblades) that were pointed at both ends and used as side or end barbs on arrows or spears made of other materials, such as bone or antler. Scrapers, graving tools and adze blades were also included in their toolkits. Many researchers also assume that it was these Arctic Small Tool populations who first introduced the bow and arrow to the Arctic. Small Tool camps lie along the coasts and streams, to take advantage of seal or salmon populations. While some of the groups were fairly nomadic, more permanent, sod-roofed homes have also been identified from Small Tool using sites. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arctic small tool tradition"
The Arlington Springs Man was later re-examined by Orr's successor at the museum, John R. Johnson. It was determined that the Arlington Springs Man was actually the Arlington Springs Woman. Radiocarbon dating determined that the remains dated to 13,000 years B.P., thus making her the oldest known skeleton in North America. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arlington Springs Woman"
Buhl Woman is the name for a skeleton of a prehistoric woman found in a quarry near Buhl, Idaho, United States, in January 1989. The skeleton's age has been estimated by radiocarbon dating at 10,675 ± 95 BP (before present), which confirms this as the oldest human remain found in the Americas. The discovery was made by a quarry worker when he noticed what was found to be a thigh bone in the screen of a rock crusher. The nearly-complete skeleton was subsequently unearthed nearby. ...more on Wikipedia about "Buhl woman"
Calico Early Man is a possible archaeological site 15 miles NE of Barstow, California. ...more on Wikipedia about "Calico Early Man"
Caral is a large settlement in the Supe Valley, near Supe, Barranca province, Peru, some 200 km north of Lima (ca. ). ...more on Wikipedia about "Caral"
Cliff Palace is the largest cliff dwelling in North America. The Ancient Puebloan structure is located in Mesa Verde National Park in southwest Colorado. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cliff Palace"
(Cliff-dwelling) Cliff dwelling is the general archaeological term for the habitations of primitive peoples, formed by utilizing niches or caves in high cliffs, with more or less excavation or with additions in the way of masonry. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cliff-dwelling"
Southwestern Archaic Traditions: Cochise (Southern) Tradition (?before 5000 to c. 200 BC)lasted for a very long time, with its earliest manifestations, known as Sulphur Spring, perhaps before 5000 BC. Its two later phases, the Chiricahua and San Pedro, are much better known. Chiricahua Cochise tools include a variety of projectile points and many seed-processing artifacts. The phase has been dated to between about 3500 and 1500 BC, but the chronology is open to doubt and the beginnings may be much earlier, and has been formulated on the basis of occupations in Ventana Cave, near Sells Arizona, and from other locations in the state, as well as in western New Mexico. San Pedro follows the Chiricahua in the southern Southwest, characterized by large projectile points with corner or side notches and straight or convex bases. Provisional radiocarbon dates have San Pedro flourishing from about 1500 to 200 BC. By this time, the Archaic population of the Southwest appears to have grown, with groups exploiting a wider range of environmental zones and sometimes living in larger, perhaps more permanant, settlements. Some San Pedro sites contain oval pithouses excavated about 1.6 ft. below the ground level, dwellings requiring sufficient effort to build that they must have been occupied for some time. Without question, some of San Pedro communities were cultivating maize and other crops. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cochise Tradition"
Coclé is a province of central Panama on the nation's southern coast. The capital is the city of Penonomé. Coclé is primarily an agricultural area, with sugar and tomatoes as major crops. The province has a number of well known beaches and tourist activity has increased in recent years. ...more on Wikipedia about "Coclé"
Located in La Salle Parish in south central Louisiana, Crooks mound is a large, conical, burial mound that was part of at least six episodes of burials. It measure about 16ft high and 85ft wide. It contains roughly 1150 remains that were placed however they were able to fit. Sometimes body parts were removed in order to achieve that goal. Some believe that this was a holding house for this area that was emptied periodically in order to achieve this type of set up. ...more on Wikipedia about "Crooks mound"
Cuicuilco was an ancient city (circa 700 B.C. to A.D. 150) in the central Mexican highlands, near the southeastern portion of the valley of Mexico and is a significant archaeological site. According to translations of ancient Nahuatl, Cuicuilco can be interpreted as the "place of prayer" or the "place of the rainbow." The extended community, with its remains of an ancient ceremonial center, dates from approximately 700 B.C., and so may be the oldest civilization in this area of Mexico. It appears that, although an independent entity, the city may have had contact with the Olmec civilization to the south. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cuicuilco"
Etowah Indian Mounds is an archaeological site in Bartow County, Georgia south of Cartersville, Georgia in the United States. The site sits on the north shore of the Etowah River. Etowah Indian Mounds Historic Site is managed by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources. There are three main mounds at the site and three lesser known mounds. The community was inhabited from about 1000-1550 CE by Native Americans of the Mississippian culture. ...more on Wikipedia about "Etowah Indian Mounds"
The Fremont culture or Fremont people, named by Noel Morss of Harvard's Peabody Museum after the Fremont River in Utah, is an archaeological culture that inhabited what is now Utah and parts of eastern Nevada, southern Idaho, southern Wyoming, and eastern Colorado between about 400 and 1300 AD. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fremont culture"
Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument in southwestern New Mexico was established as a national monument November 16, 1907. Its gross area is 533 acres (2.16 km²). ...more on Wikipedia about "Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument"
Hohokam is the name of one of the four major prehistoric archaeological traditions of the American Southwest. Variant spellings in current, official usage include Huhugam and Huhukam. The culture was differentiated from others in the region in the 1930s by archaeologist Harold S. Gladwin, who applied the existing O'odham term, to classify the remains he was excavating in the Lower Gila Valley. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hohokam"
Hovenweep National Monument straddles the Colorado-Utah border west of Cortez, Colorado. President Warren G. Harding proclaimed Hovenweep a unit of the National Park System on March 2, 1923. The Monument consists of six clusters of Native American ruins. Four of these are in Colorado: Holly Canyon, Hackberry Canyon, Cutthroat Castle and Goodman Point. In Utah, the two sets of ruins are known as Square Tower and Cajon. The modest Monument headquarters is located at Square Tower Group on the mostly unpaved road between Pleasant View, Colorado and Hatch Trading Post, Utah. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hovenweep National Monument"
Indian sex stone is the American field archeologist's term for a natural rock that is mistaken for an artifact (usually for a preform or bola stone) in the field. Most such mistakes are made by inexperienced field crew members, who learn quickly not to make such errors. The less polite term for such an item is another fucking rock, which is usually abbreviated as AFR. ...more on Wikipedia about "Indian sex stone"
The Intermediate Area is an archaeological cultural region of South America that was defined in its clearest form by Gordon R. Willey in his 1971 book An Introduction to American Archaeology, Vol. 2: South America (Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, NJ). It comprises the geographical region between Mesoamerica to the north and the Central Andes to the south, including portions of Honduras and most of the territory of the republics of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador. As an archaeological concept, the Intermediate Area has always been somewhat poorly defined. ...more on Wikipedia about "Intermediate Area"
Kennewick Man is the name for the remains of a prehistoric man found on a bank of the Columbia River near Kennewick, Washington, on July 28, 1996. The discovery of Kennewick Man was accidental: a pair of spectators at the yearly hydroplane races found his skull while swimming in the Columbia River. ** ...more on Wikipedia about "Kennewick Man"
Keweenaw National Historical Park is a park on the Keweenaw Peninsula in the U.S. state of Michigan. It preserves the history and heritage of copper mining. The park also preserves the many stories associated with copper: stories of human struggle, ingenuity, vision and conflict. ...more on Wikipedia about "Keweenaw National Historical Park"
The Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site, along the Missouri River in Stanton, North Dakota, preserves the ruins of three Northern Plains Indians villages of the Hidatsa and Mandan tribes, abandoned after a smallpox epidemic in 1837. ...more on Wikipedia about "Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site"
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