Automation ( ancient Greek: = self dictated) or industrial automation or numerical control is the use of control systems (e.g. computers) to control industrial machinery and processes, replacing human operators. It is a step beyond mechanization, where human operators are provided with machinery to assist them with the physical requirements of work. ...more on Wikipedia about "Automation"
An automation surprise is when an automation system performs an action that is unexpected by the user. A mode error can be a common cause of an automation surprise. Automation surprise can be dangerous. ...more on Wikipedia about "Automation surprise"
Building automation is an intelligent network which monitors and controls the mechanical and lighting systems in a building. The intent is to create a smart building and reduce energy usage and maintenance costs. ...more on Wikipedia about "Building automation"
The abbreviation CNC stands for Computer(ized) Numerical(ly) Control(led), and refers specifically to the computer control of machine tools for the purpose of (repeatedly) manufacturing complex parts in metal as well as other materials, using a program written in a notation conforming to the EIA-274-D standard and commonly called G-code. ...more on Wikipedia about "CNC"
A component-based paradigm is a form of distributed control production system which utilizes a CAN or LAN to link autonomous mechatronic modules. Through collaboration, the mechatronic modules perform the production goals and inherit flexible and agile manufacturing properties in the production scheme. ...more on Wikipedia about "Component-based paradigm"
Direct Numerical Control, also known as Distributed Numerical Control, (both DNC) is a common manufacturing term for networking CNC machine tools. On some CNC machine controllers, the available memory is too small to contain the machining program (for example machining complex surfaces), so in this case the program is stored in a separate computer and sent Direct to the machine, one block at a time. If the computer is connected to a number of machines it can Distribute programs to different machines as required. Usually, the manufacturer of the control provides suitable DNC software. However, if this provision is not possible, some software companies provide DNC softwares that fulfill the purpose. DNC networking or DNC communication is always required when CAM programs are to run on some CNC Machine control. ...more on Wikipedia about "Direct Numerical Control"
A distributed control system (DCS) is part of a manufacturing system. ...more on Wikipedia about "Distributed control system"
A garage door opener is a motorized device that opens and closes garage doors. Most come equipped with remote controls intended for use within cars that use the garage. ...more on Wikipedia about "Garage door opener"
The HART Communications Protocol (Highway Addressable Remote Transducer Protocol) is an early Fieldbus or Industrial Automation protocol. Its claim to fame is the fact that it can communicate over legacy 4-20ma instrumentation wiring, in effect sharing the pair of wires involved with older analog systems. According to some, due to the huge installed base of 4-20ma systems throughout the world, the HART Protocol is one of the most popular industrial protocols today. ...more on Wikipedia about "HART Protocol"
Industrial Ethernet is the name given to the use of the Ethernet protocol in an industrial environment, for automation and production machine control. ...more on Wikipedia about "Industrial Ethernet"
A device, typically an embedded processor or industrial computer, that controls electric lights for a building or residence. Lighting control systems usually include one or more keypads or touch panel interfaces. These interfaces allow users the ability to toggle power to lights and fans, dim lights, and program lighting levels. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lighting control system"
A linear motor is essentially an electric motor that has had its stator "unrolled" so that instead of producing a torque ( rotation), it produces a linear force along its length. The most common mode of operation is as a Lorenz-type actuator, in which the applied force is linearly proportional to the current and the magnetic field (F = i x B). ...more on Wikipedia about "Linear motor"
Logistics automation is the application of computer software and / or automated machinery to improve the efficiency of logistics operations. Typically this refers to operations within a warehouse or distribution center, with broader tasks undertaken by supply chain management systems and enterprise resource planning systems. ...more on Wikipedia about "Logistics automation"
Motion control is a sub-field of automation, in which the position and/or velocity of objects are controlled using actuators, usually electric motors. Motion control is an important part of robotics, but is also more and more at the heart of specialized machines, where the kinematics are usually simpler. The latter is often called General Motion Control (GMC). For example, motion control is widely used in the packaging, printing or assembly industries. ...more on Wikipedia about "Motion control"
My way is http://www.shortopedia.com
The OPC Foundation is an industry consortium that creates and maintains standards for open connectivity of industrial automation devices and systems. The OPC standards specify the communication of industrial process data, alarms and events, historical data and batch process data between sensors, instruments, controllers, software systems and notification devices. ...more on Wikipedia about "OPC Foundation"
Pneumatic artificial muscles (PAMs, or also McKibben Artificial Muscles) are contractile devices operated by pressurized air. They are like inverse bellows, because they extend on deflation and contract on inflation. Similarly to human muscles, PAMs are usually grouped in pairs (see figure): one agonist and one antagonist. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pneumatic artificial muscles"
A pneumatic motor is a machine which converts energy of compressed air into mechanical motion; for example a pneumatic vane motor, a pneumatic piston motor, or pneumatic artificial muscles. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pneumatic motor"
A programmable logic controller, PLC, or programmable controller is a small computer used for automation of real-world processes, such as control of machinery on factory assembly lines. The PLC usually uses a microprocessor. The program is usually created by a skilled technician at an industrial site, rather than a professional computer programmer. Nevertheless, complex applications requires complex programming to be performed by an industrial engineer. The program is stored in battery-backed memory and/or EEPROM cards. ...more on Wikipedia about "Programmable logic controller"
RM-X General Purpose Control is a tool for seamless integration of hardware, software and user all in one tiny package. RM-X is developed and maintained by Darkain. ...more on Wikipedia about "RM-X General Purpose Control"
SCADA is the acronym for Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition. The term refers to a large-scale, distributed measurement (and control) system. ...more on Wikipedia about "SCADA"
Test automation is the use of software to control the execution of tests, the comparison of actual outcomes to predicted outcomes, the setting up of test preconditions, and other test control and test reporting functions. ...more on Wikipedia about "Test automation"
A display device that accepts user input by means of a touch sensitive screen. Because of their compact nature and ease-of-use, touch panels are typically deployed for user interfaces in automation systems, such as high-end residential and industrial control. ...more on Wikipedia about "Touch panel"
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia . Direct links to the original articles are in the text.
If you use exact copy or modified of this article you should preserve above paragraph and put also : It uses material from the Shortopedia article about "Automation".
|MAIN PAGE||MAIN INDEX||CONTACT US|