Abe Masao (b. 1915) is a Buddhist philosopher and is considered part of the Kyoto School of philosophy. Christopher Ives writes, "Since the death of Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki in 1966, Masao Abe has served as the main representative of Zen Buddhism in Europe and North America." (Quoted from The Emptying God. John B. Cobb, Jr. and Christopher Ives Editors.) ...more on Wikipedia about "Abe Masao"
Venerable Ajahn Chah Subhatto (Chao Khun Bodhinyanathera) (alternatively Achaan Chah, occasionally with honorific titles Luang Por and Phra) ( 18 June 1918, Thailand – 1992), was one of the greatest meditation masters of the twentieth century. Known for his informal and direct style, he was a major influence on Theravada Buddhism around the world. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ajahn Chah"
Ajahn Sumedho is a widely venerated modern figure of Theravada Buddhism. The word Ajahn is not a proper name, but a title which in Thai means "Teacher". He is also affectionately known among his followers as Luang Por, which in Thai means "Venerable Father". He has been an ordained Bhikkhu for nearly 40 years, perhaps the longest of any living westerner. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ajahn Sumedho"
Venerable Balangoda Ananda Maitreya ( August 24, 1896- July 18, 1998), a Sri Lankan scholar-monk, was one of the great personalities of Theravada Buddhism in the twentieth century. He was believed to have achieved through his meditations the highest level of spiritual development within the Sri Lankan sangha (Buddhist monastic order). However, he lived a modest life in a secluded monastery, and so is little known outside his native country. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ananda Maitreya"
Asanga (also called Aryasanga), born around 300 C.E., was a great exponent of the Yogacara. ...more on Wikipedia about "Asanga"
(Atisha) Atiśa Dipamkara Shrijnana ( Bangla: অতীশ দীপঙ্কর শ্রীজ্ঞান) (982 - 1054 CE) was a Buddhist teacher who reintroduced Buddhism into Tibet after King Langdharma had nearly destroyed it. He studied and mastered all of the traditions of Buddhism in India. After different trials to invite him to Tibet, he finally accepted the invitation and came to Tibet for the rest of his life. Some tibetan sources say he was also abbot of Vikramashila University at one point, one of the great centers of Buddhist learning after Nalanda University. ...more on Wikipedia about "Atisha"
Bodhisena ( Sanskrit बोधिसेन Chinese 菩提僊那) was an Indian Buddhist scholar-monk. He visited Japan, arriving in August 736 on the invitation of Emperor Shōmu, to Sanskrit and Huayan Buddhism in many Japanese monasteries. Bodhisena also petitioned the emperor to found a temple on Mount Tomi, which he found to strongly resemble the mountain in India where Buddha preached, known as Vulture Peak. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bodhisena"
(Candrakirti) Candrakīrti (born approx. 600 C.E., Tib. Dawa Drakpa) was abbot of Nalanda University and a disciple of and a commentator on his works. Candrakīrti was the most famous member of the Prasa gika school of Madhyamaka. ...more on Wikipedia about "Candrakirti"
Chih Tun (or Zhi Dun) (314-366) was a Chinese Buddhist monk and philosopher. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chih Tun"
Chögyam Trungpa ( 1940 - April 4, 1987) was a Buddhist meditation master, scholar, teacher and artist. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chögyam Trungpa"
Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki ( October 18 1870, Kanazawa, Japan - July 22, 1966; standard transliteration: Suzuki Daisetsu, 鈴木大拙) was a famous author of books and essays on Buddhism and Zen that were instrumental in spreading interest in Zen to the West. ...more on Wikipedia about "Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki"
Dhardo Rimpoche ( 1917- 1990) was said by Tibetan Buddhists to be an incarnation, or tulku, of the chief abbot of Losel-ling College, Drepung Monastery located in central Tibet. He was the second tulku in the Gelug lineage and eleventh in the Nyingma lineage. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dhardo Rimpoche"
Dharmaraksa (Ch: 竺法护, Zhu Fahu) was one of the greatest translators of Mahayana Buddhist scriptures into Chinese. Scriptural catalogues describe him as of Yueh-Chih origin. His family lived at Dunhuang, where he was born around 230 CE. At the age of eight, he adopted the name of his master, an Indian monk named Zhu Gaozuo (Ch: 竺高座). ...more on Wikipedia about "Dharmaraksa"
Dōgen Zenji (道元禅師; January 19, 1200 - September 22, 1253) was a Japanese Zen Buddhist teacher and founder of the Soto school of Zen in Japan. He was a leading religious figure and important philosopher. "Zenji" is a title meaning zen master, and the name Dogen means roughly "Source of the Way." ...more on Wikipedia about "Dōgen Zenji"
(Enchin) (d. 891) was the founder of the Jimon School of Tendai Buddhism, and Chief Abbot of Miidera at the foot of Mount Hiei. After succeeding Ennin to the post of Tendai Zasu, or Chief Tendai Abbot, in 873, a strong rivalry developed between his followers and those of Ennin, who remained abbot at Enryakuji, atop the mountain. ...more on Wikipedia about "Enchin"
Ennin (圓仁 or 円仁) ( 794 - 864 A.D.), who is better known in Japan by his posthumous name, Jikaku Daishi (慈覺大師), was a priest of the Tendai (天台) school. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ennin"
Gautama Buddha was a spiritual teacher who was born in Lumbini, a place situated in modern Nepal. He spent most of his time in Northern India, approximately 563 BCE to 483 BCE, preaching his knowledge. Born as Siddhartha Gautama ( Sanskrit: "descendant of Gautama whose aims are achieved / who achieves aims effectively") he became "the Buddha" after embarking on a quest for spiritual meaning. He is universally recognised by Buddhists as the Supreme Buddha (literally Enlightened One or Awakened One) of our age. He is also commonly known as Shakyamuni or Śakyamuni ("sage of the Shakya clan") and as the Tathagata ("thus-come-one"). ...more on Wikipedia about "Gautama Buddha"
Gudo Wafu Nishijima (西嶋愚道和夫, Nishijima Gudo Wafu) (born November 1919 in Yokohama) is a Japanese Zen Buddhist priest and teacher. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gudo Wafu Nishijima"
Hakuin Ekaku (白隠 慧鶴 Hakuin Ekaku, 1686- 1769) was undoubtedly one of the most influential figures in Japanese Zen Buddhism. He transformed the Rinzai school from a declining tradition that lacked rigorous practice into a tradition that focused on arduous meditation and koan practice. Essentially all modern practitioners of Rinzai Zen use practices directly derived from the teachings of Hakuin. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hakuin Ekaku"
Huineng (慧能, 638 - 713) was a Chinese Chan (Chinese Zen) monastic who is one of the most important figures in the entire tradition. Huineng is the Sixth Patriarch of Chinese Chan Buddhism. In Japanese he is known as Daikan Enō. ...more on Wikipedia about "Huineng"
Tsongkhapa ( Wylie transliteration: Btsong-kha-pa) ( 1357 - 1419) , whose name means "The Man from Onion Valley", also known as "Je Rinpoche (Rje Rin-bo-che)" and by his ordained name Lobsang Drakpa (Blo-bzang Grags-pa), is recorded as the founder of the Geluk (Dge-lugs) school of Tibetan Buddhism. The Kadampa (Bka'-gdams-pa) tradition, the legacy of Atiśa, was the direct source of inspiration for the development of the Gelug tradition. Two of the main characteristics of Gelug tradition are the union of Sutra and Tantra and emphasising the Vinaya (moral code of discipline). ...more on Wikipedia about "Je Tsongkhapa"
(Kumarajiva) Kumārajīva ( Mandarin Chinese 鳩摩羅什 Jiumoluoshi; also Kiu-kiu-lo, Kiu-mo-lo-che, Kiu-mo-to-tche-po, Tang-cheu) was a Kuchean Buddhist monk and scholar whose father was originally from an Indian noble family, and whose mother was a princess. He first studied teachings of the Sarvastivada schools, later studied under Buddhasvāmin, and finally became a Mahayāna adherent, studying the Madhyamika doctrine of Nagarjuna. He is mostly remembered for the prolific translation of Buddhist texts in to Chinese he carried out during his later life. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kumarajiva"
Linji Yixuan (臨済義玄; also Romanized (Wade-Giles) Lin-chi I-hsüan; Japanese: Rinzai Gigen) (? - 866) was the founder of the Linji school of Chan Buddhism during Tang Dynasty China. Linji was born into a family named Hsing in Ts'ao-chou (modern Heze in Shandong), which he left at a young age to study Buddhism in many places. ...more on Wikipedia about "Linji"
Longchenpa or Longchen Rabjampa ( 1308 - 1364 possibly 1369) was a major teacher in the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism. Along with Sakya Pandita and Je Tsongkhapa, he is commonly recognized as one of the three main manifestations of Manjushri to have taught in Central Tibet. His major work is the Seven Treasures, which encapsulates the previous 600 years of Buddhist thought in Tibet. Longchenpa was a critical link in the transmission of the Dzogchen teachings. He was abbot of Samye, one of Tibet's most important monasteries, but spent most of his life travelling or in retreat. ...more on Wikipedia about "Longchenpa"
(Mahasi Sayadaw) Mahāsi Sayādaw ( 1904- 1982) was a famous Burmese Buddhist monk and meditation master who had a significant impact on the teaching of Vipassana (Insight) meditation in the West and throughout Asia. In his style of practice, the meditator anchors the attention with the sensations of the rising and falling of the abdomen during breathing, observing carefully any other sensations or thoughts that call the attention. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mahasi Sayadaw"
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