An A-frame is a basic structure designed to bear a load in a lightweight, economical manner. The simplist form of an A-frame is two similarly sized materials laid up against one another, and attached at the top in a convenient fashion. These materials are often wooden or steel beams arranged in a 45-degree or greater angle. These materials are then lashed together with rope, or secured in another fashion such as welding, glueing, or riveting. ...more on Wikipedia about "A-frame"
An anatomical theatre was an institution used in teaching anatomy at early modern universities. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anatomical theatre"
An architectural design competition is a special type of competition in which an organization or government body that plans to build a new (often public) building asks for architects to enter differing designs for the building. The winning design is usually chosen by a panel of non-competing architects and government and local representatives. ...more on Wikipedia about "Architectural design competition"
An arcology is an extremely large habitat or settlement, sufficient to maintain an internal ecology as well as an extremely high human population density. The term was invented by architect Paolo Soleri, as a portmanteau of architecture and ecology. So far these constructs exist only conceptually with experiments taking place at Arcosanti in central Arizona, USA. Popular in science fiction, arcologies are generally advocated as solutions to the problems of overpopulation and environmental degradation, as they reduce the footprint of cities. Most cities spread across the Earth's surface horizontally — covering more and more land and reducing arable farmland. Arcologies would be 'vertical cities'. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arcology"
An arena is an enclosed area, often circular or oval-shaped, designed to showcase theater, musical performances, or sporting events. It is composed of a large open space surrounded on most or all sides by tiered seating for spectators. The key feature of an arena is that the event space is the lowest point, allowing for maximum visibility. Usually, an arena is designed to accommodate a fairly large number of spectators, such as New York City's Madison Square Garden, Chicago's United Center or Montreal, Canada's Bell Centre. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arena"
An artificial reef is a man-made, underwater structure, typically built for the purpose of promoting marine life in areas of generally featureless bottom. Ships may be scuttled to create artificial reefs, but a large variety of objects, including structures purposely built for use as marine benthic habitat are used. Objects that have been used for the creation of artificial reefs include cars, aircraft, demolition spoil, military tanks, and oil rigs. All of these provide hard surfaces to which algae and invertebrates such as barnacles, tunicates, corals, sponges, and oysters attach; the accumulation of attached marine life in turn provides intricate structure and food for communities of fishes. Marine life fairly rapidly establishes on and around these submerged structures. Barracuda, for example, establish rapidly around newly sunk vessels. ...more on Wikipedia about "Artificial reef"
An autonomous building is a building designed to be operated independently from infrastructual support services such as the electric power power grid, municipal water systems, sewage treatment systems, storm drains, communication services, and (in some cases) public roads. ...more on Wikipedia about "Autonomous building"
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A bandstand is a circular or semicircular structure set in a park, garden, or pier, designed to accommodate musical bands performing outdoor concerts. Many bandstands in the United Kingdom originated in the Victorian era. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bandstand"
A barn is an agricultural building used for storage and as a covered workplace. It may sometimes be used to house animals or store vehicles, and is often found on a farm. ...more on Wikipedia about "Barn (building)"
Barracks are a type of military housing. The term can also be used to describe building in which convicts are housed. ...more on Wikipedia about "Barracks"
A beach hut is a small, usually wooden, building above the high tide mark on popular bathing beaches. Beach huts are used for changing into and out of swimming costumes and to provide a base for informal family recreation. Some beach huts have some simple equipment to prepare food and hot drinks. ...more on Wikipedia about "Beach hut"
Bleachers is a term used to describe the raised, tiered stands found by sports fields or at other spectator events in the USA. Bleachers are long rows of benches, often consisting of alternating steps and seats. They range in size from small, modular, aluminum stands that can be moved around soccer or field hockey fields to large permanent structures that flank either side of a football field. Bleachers are hollow underneath, aside from their support structures. Some bleachers have locker rooms underneath them. In indoor gymnasia, bleachers can be built in so that they slide on a track or on wheels and fold in an accordion-like, stacking manner. The seats of these bleachers are often made of wood. Stands is another term for bleachers. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bleacher"
Booth may mean various open types of cabins and similar light constructions, often temporary or inside a building: ...more on Wikipedia about "Booth"
Building is either the act of creating an object assembled from more than one element, or the object itself; see also construction. A building is usually a human-created object composed of more than a single element, permanently fixed to the ground, that mediates one or more aspects of the environment. ...more on Wikipedia about "Building"
The phrase built environment refers to the manmade surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging from the large-scale civic surroundings to the personal places. ...more on Wikipedia about "Built environment"
A charnel house (Med. Lat. carnarium) was a place for depositing the bones which might be thrown up in digging graves. Sometimes, as at Gloucester, Hythe and Ripon, it was a portion of the crypt; sometimes, as at Old St Paul's and Worcester (both now destroyed), it was a separate building in the church-yard; sometimes chantry chapels were attached to these buildings. ...more on Wikipedia about "Charnel house"
A chicken coop or chickenhouse is a building, usually the size of a small shack or shed, where chickens are kept on a farm or homestead. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chicken coop"
A Civil Enclave is an area alloted at an airport belonging to the armed forces, for the usage of civil aircrafts and civil aviation related services. ...more on Wikipedia about "Civil enclave"
A column in architecture and structural engineering is part of a structure whose purpose is to transmit through compression the weight of the structure. Other compression members are often termed columns because of the similar stress conditions. Columns can be either compounded of parts or made as a single piece. Columns are frequently used to support beams or arches on which the upper parts of walls or ceilings rest. ...more on Wikipedia about "Column"
Compound pier is the architectural term given to a clustered column or pier which consists of a centre mass or newel, to which engaged or semi-detached shafts have been attached, in order to perform, or to suggest the performance of, certain definite structural objects, such as to carry arches of additional orders, or to support the transverse or diagonal ribs of a vault, or the tie-beam of an important roof. In these cases, though performing different functions, the drums of the pier are often cut out of one stone. There are, however, cases where the shafts are detached from the pier and coupled to it by armulets at regular heights, as in the Early English period. ...more on Wikipedia about "Compound pier"
In project architecture and civil engineering, construction is the building or assembly of any infrastructure. Although this may be thought of as a single activity, in fact construction is a feat of multitasking. Normally the job is managed by the construction manager, supervised by the project manager, design engineer or project architect. While these people work in offices and make the most money, every construction project requires a large number of laborers to complete the physical task of construction. ...more on Wikipedia about "Construction"
Customs House can refer to various Customs Houses, including: ...more on Wikipedia about "Customs House"
A defensive wall is a fortification used to defend a city from potential aggressors. In ancient to modern times, they were used to enclose settlements. Generally, these are referred to as city walls or town walls, although there were also walls, such as the Great Wall of China and the Atlantic Wall, which extended far beyond the borders of a city and were used to enclose vast regions. ...more on Wikipedia about "Defensive wall"
A depot is usually a centralized store or operating base for logistical use by commercial or governmental bodies. It most often means a train station, usually a freight stop rather than a passenger station. It can also refer to the garage where buses or trams belonging to a particular company are stored and serviced when not in use. ...more on Wikipedia about "Depot"
A dormitory or dorm is a place to sleep. The word derives from the French dormir, to sleep. Dormir, in turn, derives from the Latin word dorm, meaning a place to sleep. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dormitory"
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