Iyer is the name given to a community of Brahmins (members of the priestly class / caste) of India whose members profess the advaita philosophy propounded by sri Shankaracharya and whose ancestors have had strong ties with the Tamil region, for many centuries. Iyers are therefore those whose ancestors came from Tamil-speaking areas. They are a subgroup of Smartha Brahmins. Though Iyer is used as a suffix to names, it does not constitute a caste or family name, but rather denotes a brahmin sub-caste whose mother tongue is Tamil. ...more on Wikipedia about "Iyer"
(Jāti) Jatis (the word literally means " births") comprise the subcastes found within the four major castes, or varnas, of the Indian caste system. Each jati typically has an association with a traditional job function in Hindu society, although religious beliefs (e.g. Sri Vaishnavism or Veera Saivism) or linguistic groupings define some jatis. A person's surname typically reflects a jati association: thus Gandhi = greengrocer, Dhobi = washerman, Srivastava = military scribe, etc. In any given location in India 500 or more jatis may co-exist, although the exact composition will differ from district to district. ...more on Wikipedia about "Jāti"
Kalwars are members of the subcaste of "distillers of alcohol" within the Indian caste system. In modern times, they may follow any occupation. The subcaste was previously classified as Untouchables but is now part of the Vaishya (workers) caste. They number an estimated 3,500,000 worldwide and mostly live in:- ...more on Wikipedia about "Kalwar"
(Kambojas and Manusmriti) Compare also: Mahabharata (13.35.17-18) below: ...more on Wikipedia about "Kambojas and Manusmriti"
Kamma is a dominant caste (community) mainly from the state Andhra Pradesh (AP) and Tamil Nadu in southern India and are generally Telugu speaking. They are also referred to as Kamma Naidus or Kammavar Naidus in the southern parts of the state and neighbouring Tamilnadu state, and as Choudharys in coastal AP. There are significant numbers of this community members in Chennai ( Madras) and neighbouring districts Coimbatore, Madurai and (Sivakasi)Tirunelveli Districts of Tamil Nadu and Bangalore as well.In the late decades of last century some of them migrated to other parts of the world, particularly to the US, UK and Australia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kamma"
Kancha Ilaiah is an social activist, thinker and scholar. He was born into Kuruma Golla family on October 5 1952 and was brought up in a small south Indian village. His family's main profession was sheep farming. He earned his doctorate degree in political science at the Osmania University in Hyderabad, India. His Ph.D thesis was based on Gautama Buddha's Political Philosophy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kancha Ilaiah"
The Karkarthar (also Karkathar) is an ethnic group, a variety of Saiva Vellalars, which in turn is a sub- caste of the Pillai caste group of Hindus, whose members predominantly live in Tamil Nadu. ...more on Wikipedia about "Karkarthar" Please tell your friends about shortopedia
Kayanis is a caste of Iranian origin. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kayanis"
Khandelwal is a major Jain community originating from Khandela in northern Rajasthan. They are also known as Saraogi (derived from Shravaka). ...more on Wikipedia about "Khandelwal"
According to the code of Manu, a Kshatriya is a member of the military or reigning order, one of four varna within the Vedic system of four groups or castes. Generally, the kshatriyas are thought to be ranked second in hierarchy, the first being the * Brahmin or priestly varna, the third the * Vaishya or artisans and craftsmen and the fourth * Shudra (labourers,farmers and agricultural workers). ...more on Wikipedia about "Kshatriya"
The Kurubas are a community of people who reside in south India. Certainly an indigenous community, they are known to have resided in the area since time immemorial. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kuruba"
The Kurups are a part of the Nair community in Kerala, South India. They are equal to the Panickers and were commanders and generals in battles. They used to be the teachers of the Kalaris or the martial arts training centres. They were highly respected everywhere and were in the past extremely powerful. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kurup"
A list of Indian castes: ...more on Wikipedia about "List of Indian castes"
Maheshwari is a Vaishnava business community in India. They are originally from Khandela in northern Rajasthan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Maheshwari"
Menon is a family name among the people in the state of Kerala, India. It was a title equivalent to Pillai and belongs to the Nair caste. It was derived from Melevan which means upper officer and was given to feudal lords for millitary donations to the Kings. ...more on Wikipedia about "Menon"
Modh is a nyat (community) of merchants ( banias) who originated from Modhera in Gujarat in 10-11th century CE. ...more on Wikipedia about "Modh"
The Mulukanadu community is a sub-caste of Telugu speaking Vaidiki Smartha Brahmins. Variations of the name of the community include Muluknadu, Mulukanadu, Mulakanadu, Moolakanadu and Mulikinadu (not listed in any order). ...more on Wikipedia about "Mulukanadu community"
Nadar is one of the South Indian Tamil caste and the term also used to refer to the man belong to that caste.The caste also refered as 'chanas'. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nadar caste"
Nair or Nayar (Malayalam: നായ൪) is the name of a caste in the Southern Indian state of Kerala. Nairs are an integral part of Kerala's culture and have a long and illustrious history. Nairs are a warrior class (a martial nobility). In this regard, they are similar to the samurai of Japan. The word Nair is either derived from the Sanskrit word Nayaka (leader) or Naga (snakes, which the Nairs worshipped). The Nair class name also encompasses Menon, Panicker, Kurup, Pillai, Unni, Unnithan, Kartha, Thampan, Kaimal, Nayanar, Thampi, Nambiar, and Mannadiar. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nair"
Nambiar is a Kshatriya caste from Kerala in southern India. There are two types of Nambiars. The ones from North Kerala were the traditional protectors of Namboothiris, and are thought to be an Aryan race. They share the same occupation (that of a warrior) and thus they are classed as Nairs. Other Nambiars are Ambalavasis (meaning who leaves near Hindu Temples in Malayalam language), who having mixed with Namboothiris, occupy a position in the Hindu Temple, associating with the priestly caste in managing the affairs of the temple, thought not the actual conduct of ceremonies. They were also protectors of the temple from a martial point of view against marauding fiefdoms. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nambiar"
The Namboothiris ( Malayalam :നമ്പൂതിരി)are the Brahmins of Kerala. They adhere to the Advaita philosophy propounded by Sri Adi Shankaracharya and are Smartha's. Indeed, Sri Adi Shankaracharya himself was born into this community. In Malayalam, Namboothiri is Nambu means sacred or trustworthy,thiri means Light. ...more on Wikipedia about "Namboothiri"
(Nav-nat) Navnat Jain community emerged as a result of blending of several smaller Jain communities in Gujarat in East Africa in early 20th century. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nav-nat"
Niyogis are a sect of brahmins and are predominantly telugu speakers. The most common origin story is of a kakatiya ruler selecting 6000 brahmins (priests) to fight a crucial battle when all her army was decimated ( niyonginchuta in telugu means "to assign"). Hence, niyogis are commonly referred to as aaru-vela niyogulu (six-thousand niyogis). ...more on Wikipedia about "Niyogi"
Panicker is a last name attributed to members of certain castes of ethnic east Indians in the state of Kerala. Members of Hindu castes Nair and Ezhava use this last name. ...more on Wikipedia about "Panicker"
Pathare Prabhu or Pratihara Prabhu as they are known are one of the Hindu communities in the city of Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay). These people are among earliest settlers in the city. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pathare prabhu" http://www.shortopedia.com, it's as simple as that!
Previous page Next page
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia . Direct links to the original articles are in the text.
If you use exact copy or modified of this article you should preserve above paragraph and put also : It uses material from the Shortopedia article about "Caste".
|MAIN PAGE||MAIN INDEX||CONTACT US|