Alfons or Alfonso III of Aragon ( 1265 – June 18, 1291, also Alfons II of Barcelona), surnamed the Liberal, was the king of ...more on Wikipedia about "Alfonso III of Aragon"
Antaeus in Greek mythology was a giant of Libya, the son of Poseidon and Gaia, and his wife was Tinjis. He was extremely strong as long as he remained in contact with the ground (his mother earth), but once lifted into the air he became as weak as water. He would challenge all passers-by to wrestling matches, kill them, and collect their skulls, so that he might one day build out of them a temple to his father Poseidon. Heracles, finding that he could not beat Antaeus by throwing him to the ground, discovered the secret of his power and held Antaeus aloft until he died (Apollodorus ii. 5; Hyginus, Fab. 31). The fable of Antaeus has been used as a symbol of the spiritual strength which accrues when one rests his faith on the immediate fact of things. The struggle between Antaeus and Heracles is a favourite subject in ancient sculpture. ...more on Wikipedia about "Antaeus"
In Greek mythology, Capaneus was a son of Hipponous and husband of Evadne, with whom he fathered Sthenelus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Capaneus"
Charles of Anjou ( 1227– 1285), also Charles I of Sicily. He was King of Sicily 1262–1282 (and under that title, King of Naples 1282–1285), King of Albania 1272–1285, King of Jerusalem 1277–1285, Prince of Achaea 1278–1285, Count of Provence and Forcalquier 1246–1285, and Count of Anjou and Maine 1247–1285. He was the posthumous son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile, and hence brother to Louis IX of France and Alphonse of Toulouse. He conquered the Kingdom of Sicily from the Hohenstaufen in 1266 and began to acquire lands in the eastern Mediterranean. However, the Sicilian Vespers freed Sicily from his control, and the resulting war forced him to abandon his plans to reassemble the Latin Empire. ...more on Wikipedia about "Charles I of Sicily"
Charles Martel ( September 8 1271 – August 12 1295, Naples), also known as Charles I Martel, Charles Martel d' Anjou, and (in Italian) Carlo Martello' was the son of king Charles II of Naples and Maria of Hungary, the daughter of King Stephen V of Hungary. He was the titular King of Hungary 1290– 1295 and married Klementia von Habsburg (d. 1295), daughter of Emperor Rudolf I. ...more on Wikipedia about "Charles Martel d'Anjou"
In Greek mythology, Charon ( Greek Χάρων, fierce brightness) was the ferryman of Hades. ( Etruscan equivalent: Charun) He took the newly dead from one side of the river Acheron to the other if they had an obolus (coin) to pay for the ride. Corpses in ancient Greece were always buried with a coin underneath their tongue to pay Charon. Those who could not pay had to wander the banks of the Acheron for one hundred years. ...more on Wikipedia about "Charon (mythology)"
In Greek mythology, Chiron ("hand") — sometimes spelled Cheiron or Kiron — was held as the superlative centaur over his brethren. Like the satyrs, centaurs were notorious for being overly indulgent drinkers and carousers, given to violence when intoxicated, and generally uncultured. Chiron, by contrast, was intelligent, civilized and kind. Sired by Cronus when he had taken the form of a horse and impregnated the nymph, Philyra, Chiron came from a different lineage than other centaurs. He was the father of Ocyrrhoe with the nymph Chariklo and lived on Mount Pelion (or Pilion). ...more on Wikipedia about "Chiron"
Constance of Sicily ( 1154 – November 27, 1198) was in her own right Queen of Sicily, became German Empress as the wife of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI, and was the mother of the Emperor and King of Sicily Frederick II. ...more on Wikipedia about "Constance of Sicily"
Democritus was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher (born at Abdera in Thrace around 460 BC; died in 370 BC). Democritus was a student of Leucippus, and co-originator of the belief that all matter is made up of various imperishable indivisible elements which he called "atomos", from which we get the English word atom. It is virtually impossible to tell which of these ideas were unique to Democritus, and which are attributable to Leucippus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Democritus"
In Greek and Roman sources Dido or Elissa appears as the founder and first Queen of Carthage (in modern-day Tunisia). She is best known from the account given by the Roman poet Virgil in his Aeneid. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dido"
Diomêdês ( Gk:Διομήδης - "God-like cunning") is a hero in Greek Mythology, mostly known for his participation in the Trojan War. He was born to Tydeus and Deipyle and later became King of Argos, succeeding his grandfather, Adrastus. In Homer's Iliad Diomedes is regarded alongside Ajax as the second-best warriors of all the Achaeans. He and his close companion Odysseus are the favoured heroes of Athena. He's one of the warriors who entered the Trojan Horse shortly before the sack of Troy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Diomedes"
Francesca da Rimini or Francesca da Polenta (died 1285) was the beautiful daughter of Guido da Polenta of Ravenna. She was a historical contemporary of Dante Alighieri, who portrayed her as a character in the Divine Comedy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Francesca da Rimini"
Gaius Cassius Longinus (Before 85 BC - October, 42 BC) was a Roman senator and the prime mover in the conspiracy against Julius Caesar. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gaius Cassius Longinus"
In Greek mythology, Geryon (Geryones,Geyron), son of Chrysaor and Callirhoe, was a winged giant made from three entire human bodies conjoined at the waist. Geryon lived on the island of Erytheia, in the far west of the Mediterranean. He owned a two-headed hound, named Orthrus, which was the brother of Cerberus, and a herd of cattle that were guarded by Orthrus, and a man named Eurythion. ...more on Wikipedia about "Geryon" Go crack a http://www.shortopedia.com! shortopedia
Giovanni Malatesta (died 1304), known, from his lameness, as Gianciotto, or Giovanni, lo Sciancato, was the eldest son of Malatesta da Verucchio of Rimini. ...more on Wikipedia about "Giovanni Malatesta"
Godfrey of Bouillon (c. 1060 – July 18, 1100, Jerusalem), (Godefroy de Bouillon in French) was a leader of the First Crusade. He was either the eldest or the second son of Eustace II, Count of Boulogne, and Ida, daughter of Godfrey III, Duke of Lower Lotharingia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Godfrey of Bouillon"
Guy de Montfort, Count of Nola ( 1244–c. 1288) was the son of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Eleanor of England. ...more on Wikipedia about "Guy de Montfort, Count of Nola"
In Greek mythology, Hector ( Ἑκτωρ, "holding fast"), or Hektor, was a Trojan prince and one of the greatest fighters in the Trojan War, equal to Ajax and surpassed only by Achilles. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hector"
Henry III ( 1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272) is one of the least-known British monarchs, considering the great length of his reign. He was also the first child monarch in English royal history (after the Conquest in 1066). ...more on Wikipedia about "Henry III of England"
Hugh, The Great (d. 956), was duke of the Franks and count of Paris, son of King Robert I of France and nephew of King Odo. His eldest son was Hugh Capet who became King of France in 987. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hugh the Great"
Jason ( Greek: Ίασων, Etruscan: Easun) is a hero of Greek mythology who lead the Argonauts in the search of the Golden Fleece. His father was Aeson, the rightful king of Iolcus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Jason"
Judas Maccabeus (or Judah the Maccabee from the Hebrew יהודה המכבי transliteration: Yehudah HaMakabi) translation: "Judah the Hammer" was the third son of the Jewish priest Mattathias. He led the Maccabean revolt against the Seleucid Empire ( 167- 160 BCE). His epithet Maccabeus is from the Syriac word maqqaba (hammer), and this name was granted to him in recognition of his ferocity in battle. ...more on Wikipedia about "Judas Maccabeus"
Manfred (c. 1232 – February 26, 1266), King of Sicily from 1258, was an illegitimate son of the emperor Frederick II by Bianca Lancia, or Lanzia, who is reported on somewhat slender evidence to have been married to the emperor just before his death. ...more on Wikipedia about "Manfred of Sicily"
Marcus Junius Brutus Caepio ( 85 BC – 42 BC), or simply Brutus, was a Roman senator of the late Roman Republic. He was one of Julius Caesar's assassins. ...more on Wikipedia about "Marcus Junius Brutus"
In Greek mythology, the Minotaur was a creature that was part man and part bull. It dwelt in the Labyrinth, which was an elaborate maze constructed by King Minos of Crete and designed by the architect Daedalus to hold the Minotaur. The Minotaur was eventually killed by Theseus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Minotaur"
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