Caló is an Argot of Mexican Spanish spoken in the first half of the 20th century in the Southwestern United States that was associated with the Zoot Suit or Pachuco culture. ...more on Wikipedia about "Caló (Chicano)"
Carlos Almaraz ( October 5, 1941- 1989) was a Mexican-American artist and an early proponent of the Chicano street arts movement. ...more on Wikipedia about "Carlos Almaraz"
The Centro Cultural de la Raza is a non-profit organization with the specific mission of highlighting Chicano, native Mexicano, Latin American and Indian art. Erected at San Diego, California's well known Balboa park, the Centro Cultural de la Raza's building is identifiable by a number of drawings painted by the building's main entrance. ...more on Wikipedia about "Centro Cultural de la Raza"
Colegio César Chávez was a U.S. college-without-walls program that existed in Mount Angel, Oregon (a small town about 50 miles south of Portland) from 1973 to 1983. The college was named after Mexican American civil rights worker César Chávez. ...more on Wikipedia about "Colegio César Chávez"
El Plan Espiritual de Aztlán (Spiritual Plan of Aztlan) is a document adopted in March 1969 by the First National Chicano Liberation Youth Conference at a convention held at Denver, Colorado. It is considered a foundational document by the Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlan ( MEChA). The full text of the document is available online. ...more on Wikipedia about "El Plan Espiritual de Aztlán"
The Farm Labor Organizing Committee, AFL-CIO (FLOC), is a labor union representing migrant farm workers in the United States in North Carolina and Ohio. ...more on Wikipedia about "Farm Labor Organizing Committee"
The flag of Aztlán is an unofficial flag used by Chicano nationalists in the late 1960s and early 1970s. ...more on Wikipedia about "Flag of Aztlán"
Hernandez v. Texas 347 U.S. 475 ( 1954) was a landmark Supreme Court of the United States case that decided that Mexican Americans and all other racial groups in the United States had equal protection under the 14th Amendment of the US Constitution. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hernandez v. Texas"
This is a list of Chicano writers and poets: ...more on Wikipedia about "List of Chicano poets"
Los Four was a Chicano street art group that was influential during the 1970s and early 1980s in Los Angeles, California. The group helped bring mainstream art critics attention to the Chicano street art movement. ...more on Wikipedia about "Los Four"
Obreros Unidos (1966-1971) was an independent agricultural labor union founded in Wisconsin in 1966 by Mexican American civil rights activist Jesus Salas, originally a Texas-based farm worker. The union took root after a march from Wautoma, Wisconsin, to Madison, Wisconsin that state's capitol to protest the working conditions of the thousands of annual Mexican-American migrant workers who traveled from Texas to Wisconsin each year. This protest march was inspired by the similar march of César Chávez' United Farm Workers (UFW) in California earlier that spring, and the Texas Farmworker march on Austin, Texas of 1966. Obreros Unidos engaged in its first labor action by seeking to organize migrant potato harvest and processing workers in the town of Almond, WI, and received support from the AFL-CIO, Cesar Chavez, and other labor unions. They also organized workers in the cucumber harvest in 1967 organizing the mainly Texas-Mexican or Tejano workers of Libby's foods. Although this union lasted only 6 years many of its organizers went on to work for the United Farm Workers grape boycott effort and other Mexican-American organizations in Wisconsin and Texas including United Migrant Opportunity Services, Inc., La Raza Unida Party, and elected and appointed offices in Wisconsin and Texas. ...more on Wikipedia about "Obreros Unidos"
A pachuco was a Chicano youth in the mid- 20th century who wore flashy clothes (such as a Zoot Suit). Some Hispanic-American gangs adopted the pachuco style, thus most whites assumed that anyone dressed in that style was a gang member. Originating in California or Texas, the pachuco style spread to the rest of the American Southwest and to Mexico. (see also Zoot Suit Riots). According to Mexican author Octavio Paz in his essay, The Pachuco, the pachuco phenomenon paralleled the zazou subculture in World War II Paris in style of clothing, music favored ( jazz, swing, and jump blues), and attitudes, although there was no known link between the two subcultures. According to another theory, the word pachuco is a derivation of Pachuca, the name of the city in the Mexican state of Hidalgo where Mickey Garcia, thought by some to be the style's originator, is supposed to have come before arriving in El Paso, Texas. Another theory says that the word derives from pocho, a slang term for a Mexican born in the United States. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pachuco"
The Repatriation Movement occurred during the 1930s, when many Mexican-Americans were forced to go to Mexico. A total of one million people were forced to leave or left voluntarily due to significant harassment. ...more on Wikipedia about "Repatriation Movement"
The Texas Farm Workers Union (TFWU) was established by Antonio Orendain in August 1975, nearly ten years after he began organizing farm workers for the United Farm Workers in the Rio Grande valley of South Texas. Orendain worked for Cesar Chavez in the Chicago UFW national grape and lettuce boycott office. After returning to South Texas Orendain left the UFW to devote himself to organizing Texas agricultural workers under a separate banner much like those who founded Obreros Unidos in Wisconsin, and the Farm Labor Organizing Committee in Ohio. It appears that there were conflicts between the United Farm Workers and the Texas Farm Workers Union. ...more on Wikipedia about "Texas Farm Workers Union" www.shortopedia.com , this is it!
The United Farm Workers of America (UFW) is a labor union that evolved from unions founded in 1962 by César Chávez and Dolores Huerta. This union changed from a workers' rights organization that helped workers get unemployment insurance to that of a union of farmworkers almost overnight, when the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) went out on strike in support of the mostly Filipino farmworkers of the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) in Delano, California who had previously initiated a grape strike on September 8th, 1965. The NFWA and the AWOC, recognizing their common goals and methods, and realizing the strengths of coalition formation, jointly formed the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee. This organization eventually became the United Farm Workers and launched a boycott of table grapes that, after five years of struggle, finally won a contract with the major grape growers in California. ...more on Wikipedia about "United Farm Workers"
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