Civilian control of the military is a doctrine in civil-military relations and military and political science that places ultimate responsibility for a country's strategic decision-making in the hands of the civilian political leadership, rather than professional military officers. One author, paraphrasing Samuel P. Huntington's writings in The Soldier and the State, has summarized the civilian control ideal as "the proper subordination of a competent, professional military to the ends of policy as determined by civilian authority" . Civilian control is often seen as a prerequisite feature of a stable, liberal democracy; use of the term in scholarly analyses tends to take place in the context of a Western state governed by democratically elected officials, though in fact the subordination of the military to political control is not unique to these societies. One illustrative example are the words of Mao Zedong, who stated that "Our principle is that the Party commands the gun, and the gun must never be allowed to command the Party", reflecting the primacy of the Communist party as a decision-maker in Marxist-Leninist and Maoist theories of democratic centralism . ...more on Wikipedia about "Civilian control of the military"
The CNN effect is a theory in political science and media studies that postulates that the development of popular 24-hour international television news channels has had a major impact on the conduct of states' foreign policy in the post-Cold War era. While the free press has, in its role as the " Fourth Estate", always had an influence on policy-making in representative democracies, proponents of the CNN effect argue that "the extent, depth, and speed of the new global media have created a new species of effects" qualitatively different from those which preceded them historically . The term's coinage reflects the pioneering role played by the network CNN in the field, whose "saturation coverage" of conflicts like the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, the first Gulf War, and Battle of Mogadishu was viewed as being strongly influential in bringing images and issues to the immediate forefront of American political consciousness. Despite these origins, the term as used generally refers to a broad range of real time modern media, and is not exclusive to CNN or even 24-hour broadcast cable news. ...more on Wikipedia about "CNN effect"
A coup d'état (pronounced ), or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government against the ...more on Wikipedia about "Coup d'état"
A military dictatorship is a form of government wherein the political power resides with the military; it is similar but not identical to a stratocracy, a state ruled directly by the military. Like all dictatorships, a military dictatorship may be official or unofficial, and as a result may not actually qualify as stratocratic (some military dictators, like Manuel Noriega, are nominally subordinate to the civil government). Mixed forms also exist, where the military exerts a very strong influence without being entirely dominant. ...more on Wikipedia about "Military dictatorship"
Military mail is a special military system to integrate the civil postal system to that of the military. Many countries have special systems to deliver mail from homeland to their soldiers abroad. Normally they use a main office to collect the outgoing mail, then it is transported to the foreign destination, where the mail is sorted and delivered by postal clerks. ...more on Wikipedia about "Military mail"
A political commissar is an officer appointed by a communist party to oversee a unit of the military. They were first used in the Soviet Union's Red Army by Leon Trotsky, who faced the task of integrating Tsarist officers and troops into the new Red Army, while ensuring their loyalty. The ...more on Wikipedia about "Political commissar"
The "Revolt of the Admirals" was a late 1940s episode during which several high-ranking officers of the United States Navy publicly disagreed with the United States government's plans for the military forces. ...more on Wikipedia about "Revolt of the Admirals"
I wish I had a shortopedia.
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