Cognitive tests are assessments of the cognitive capabilities of living entities. Tests administered to humans include various forms of IQ tests; those administered to animals include the mirror test (a test of self-awareness) and the T maze test (which tests learning ability). Such study is important to research concerning the philosophy of mind and psychology, as well as determination of human and animal intelligence. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cognitive test"
An intelligence quotient or IQ is a score derived from a set of standardized tests developed to measure a person's cognitive abilities (" intelligence") in relation to their age group. An IQ test does not measure intelligence the way a ruler measures height (absolutely), but rather the way a race measures speed (relatively). ...more on Wikipedia about "Intelligence quotient"
The mirror test is a measure of self-awareness developed by Gordon Gallup Jr. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mirror test"
Neuropsychological tests are specifically designed tasks used to measure a psychological function known to be linked to a particular brain structure or pathway. They usually involve the systematic administration of clearly defined procedures in a formal environment. Neuropsychological tests are typically administered to a single person working with an examiner in a quiet office environment, free from distractions. As such, in can be argued that neuropsychological tests at times offer an estimate of a person's peak level of cognitive performance. Neuropsychological tests are a core component of the process of conducting neuropsychological assessment. ...more on Wikipedia about "Neuropsychological test"
Raven's Progressive Matrices (also Raven Progressive Matrices) are widely used non-verbal intelligence tests. In each test item, one is asked to find the missing pattern in a series. Each set of items gets progressively harder, requiring greater cognitive capacity to encode and analyze. The test is considered by many intelligence experts to be one of the most g-loaded in existence. ...more on Wikipedia about "Raven's Progressive Matrices"
The modern field of intelligence testing began with the Stanford-Binet IQ test. The Stanford-Binet itself started with the French psychologist Alfred Binet as a standard way for psychologists to quickly and easily compare the psychological functioning of different people. As Binet indicated, case studies may be more detailed and at times more helpful, but the time required to test large numbers of people would be huge. Unfortunately, the tests he and his assistant Victor Henri developed in 1896 were largely disappointing (Fancher, 1985). ...more on Wikipedia about "Stanford-Binet IQ test"
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