Gilbert Cannan ( June 25 1884 – June 30 1955) was a British novelist and dramatist. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gilbert Cannan"
Richard Gwynfor Evans ( 1 September 1912 – April 21, 2005), was a Welsh politician and the first Member of Parliament to represent Plaid Cymru at Westminster ( 1966- 1970; 1974- 1979). ...more on Wikipedia about "Gwynfor Evans"
Hiski Salomaa, born Hiskias Möttö ( May 17, 1891 - July 7, 1957) was a Finnish- American folk singer and song writer. Born in Kangasniemi, Finland, Salomaa moved to the Upper Peninsula, Michigan, in 1908 after the death of his mother. There, he made his living as a tailor. Salomaa, an active socialist, joined the Industrial Workers of the World and served time in prison as a conscientious objector during the First World War. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hiski Salomaa"
Islwyn Ffowc Elis ( November 17, 1924 - January 22, 2004) was one of Wales' most popular writers in the Welsh language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Islwyn Ffowc Elis"
J.F. Powers ( 8 July, 1917 – 6 June, 1999) James Farl Powers. American author known for his studies of Midwestern Catholic Priests. Winner of the National Book Award in 1964. ...more on Wikipedia about "J.F. Powers"
Reverend James Lawson (born September 22, 1928 in Uniontown, Pennsylvania) was a leading theoretician and tactician of nonviolence within the American Civil Rights Movement. ...more on Wikipedia about "James Lawson"
James Neville Mason ( May 15, 1909 – July 27, 1984) was an actor born in Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England who attained stardom in both British and American films. ...more on Wikipedia about "James Mason"
Kantsui James Otsuka was a Nisei Japanese American Quaker who was jailed as a conscientious objector during World War II, and later became a war tax resister. ...more on Wikipedia about "James Otsuka"
John Grogan, 51, has lived and worked in the Robson Valley, B.C. for the past 25 years. He has held a variety of jobs -- for the railway, in a sawmill, as a teacher and as a small businessperson. Grogan has been a director of both the Green Party of B.C. and the Green Party of Canada and was the latter party's candidate for the riding of Prince George-Bulkley Valley in the 1997, 2000 and 2004 federal elections. Grogan also ran for the Leadership of the Green Party of Canada during the Leadership races of 2003 and 2004. Grogan has associated himself with the fundamental or " fundi" wing of the Green Party of Canada. ...more on Wikipedia about "John Grogan (Canadian politician)"
John Hoagland ( 15 June, 1947 – 16 March, 1984) was a war photographer and photojournalist noted for his documentation of civil conflicts in Nicaragua, Lebanon, and El Salvador. ...more on Wikipedia about "John Hoagland"
John Rodker ( 18 December 1894 – 6 October 1955) was a British writer, modernist poet, and publisher of some of the major modernist figures. He was born in Manchester into a Jewish immigrant family, who moved to London while he was still young. ...more on Wikipedia about "John Rodker"
Keith Vaughan (b 23 August 1912 at Selsey as John Keith Vaughan; d 4 November 1977 in London), was an English painter. ...more on Wikipedia about "Keith Vaughan"
Kenneth Rexroth ( December 22 1905 – June 6 1982) was an American poet, translator and critical essayist. He was among the first poets in the United States to explore traditional Japanese poetic forms such as haiku. He is regarded as a chief figure in the San Francisco Renaissance. Rexroth had two daughters, Mary (who later changed her name to Mariana) and Katharine, by his third wife, Marthe Larsen. ==Early years== Rexroth was born Kenneth Charles Marion Rexroth in South Bend, Indiana, the son of Charles Rexroth, a pharmaceuticals salesman, and Delia Reed. His childhood was troubled by his father's alcoholism and his mother's chronic illness. Rexroth was homeschooled by his mother, and by age four he was reading widely in the Classics and observing the natural world firsthand. His mother died in 1916 and his father in 1918, after which he went to live with his aunt in Chicago and enrolled in the Art Institute of Chicago. He spent his teenage years as an art student and soda jerk, along with other odd jobs. In 1923– 1924 he was imprisoned during a raid on a Near North Side bar that he frequented, allegedly for being partial owner of a brothel. He lived in a decrepit jail cell under the care of four black cellmates until his legal guardian could bail him out. While in Chicago, he frequented the homes and meeting places of many revolutionary socialites, quickly identifying with the concerns of an agitated proletarian class and reciting poetry from a soapbox to excited crowds at the corner of State and Clark streets. ==Travels== An aborted attempt at a trip around the world with a friend piqued his interest in the American Southwest, and he began a tour though Kansas, Colorado and New Mexico, moving up and down the western side of the Rocky Mountains. He moved back east to Greenwich Village and attended The New School for a while before dropping out to live as a postulant in an Anglo-Catholic monastery near Poughkeepsie. The lifestyle of meditation, silence and artistic creation suited him marvelously, and he later recalled it as the happiest time of his life. However, he felt strongly that he did not have a vocation there, and left with a solidified admiration for the communal rites and values of monasticism. At age nineteen, he hitchhiked across the country, taking odd jobs and working a stint as a National Park Service trail patrolman in the Pacific Northwest. Later he was able to board a steamship in Hoboken, exploring Mexico and South America before spending a week in Paris to meet many notable avant-garde figures, notably Tristan Tzara and the Surrealists. He considered staying on in Paris, but an American friend urged him not to become just another expatriate and he returned home. After meeting his first wife, he moved to San Francisco, and would continue to live in California for the rest of his life. ==Love, marriage, sacrament== Rexroth viewed love for another person as a sacramental act that could connect one with a transcendent, universal awareness. In his introduction to the long poem The Dragon and the Unicorn, Rexroth articulated his understanding of love and marriage: “The process as I see it goes something like this: from abandon to erotic mysticism, from erotic mysticism to the ethical mysticism of sacramental marriage, thence to the realization of the ethical mysticism of universal responsibility." In other words, love was a key to truly realizing one's existence, something that could be cemented and validated in the long run by wedded union. This helps to explain Rexroth's four marriages (two of them overlapping): Rexroth married Andree Dutcher in 1927, a commercial artist from Chicago. He claimed to have fallen in love with her at first sight when he saw her in the doorway of the apartment building he was renting. He encouraged Dutcher to pursue non-commercial painting, and she gave him feedback on his writing. The two shared many interests and what Rexroth described as a perfect relationship. Their marriage deteriorated, however, and the couple was divorced near Rexroth's 35th birthday. Andree died of complications from epilepsy shortly after, in 1940. Despite the divorce, her death triggered great sadness in Rexroth, who wrote a number of elegiac poems in her honor. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kenneth Rexroth"
Lancelot Thomas Hogben ( 9 December 1895- 22 August 1975) was a versatile English zoologist and geneticist. He is now best known for his popularising books on science, mathematics and language. He was an active member of the Independent Labour Party and Marxist, and a constructed language author ( Interglossa). He married in 1917 the mathematician, statistician and feminist Enid Charles. He was a founder of the Journal of Experimental Biology, along with Julian Huxley and J. B. S. Haldane. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lancelot Hogben" The text you are reading is from shortopedia Conscientious_objectors
Leo J. Volpe ( 1916– 2000) was a draft resister and conscientious objector as a Jehovah's Witness during World War II. In 1973 he founded the Restored Israel of Yahweh, whose members believe that Volpe is the prophet Jeremiah resurrected, and which incorporates war tax resistance into its practices. ...more on Wikipedia about "Leo Volpe"
Lew Ayres ( December 28, 1908 – December 30, 1996) was an American actor. Born Lewis Frederick Ayre III in Minneapolis, Minnesota and raised in San Diego, California, Ayres began acting in bit player roles in films in 1927. He played opposite Greta Garbo in 1927's The Kiss, but it was his starring role in 1930's All Quiet on the Western Front which made him a star. He played the title role in Young Dr. Kildare in 1938, and became a matinee idol, starring in several Kildare films. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lew Ayres"
Lewis Fry Richardson ( October 11, 1881 - September 30, 1953) was a mathematician, physicist and psychologist. One of seven children, he was born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England, into a well-off, merchant Quaker family, and was the son of Catherine Fry and David Richardson. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lewis Fry Richardson"
While studying at Stanford University in 1937, Lew Hill became interested in the ideas of the Quakers and became a pacifist. When he was drafted in 1941, he registered as a conscientious objector. In 1945, Hill resigned from his job as a Washington DC correspondent and moved to California, where he founded the Pacifica Foundation. He served as Pacifica's head until he died in 1957. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lewis Hill"
Giles Lytton Strachey ( March 1 1880– January 21 1932) was a British writer and critic. He is best known for establishing a new form of biography in which psychological insight and sympathy are combined with irreverence and wit. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lytton Strachey"
Muhammad Ali-Haj ( Arabic: محمد على) born January 17, 1942 (as Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.), is a retired American boxer. He is considered by many to be the greatest heavyweight boxer of all time, as well as one of the world's most famous individuals, renowned the world over for his boxing and political activism. In 1999, he was crowned Sportsman of the Century by Sports Illustrated, and is considered by many to be one of the greatest athletes of the 20th century. ...more on Wikipedia about "Muhammad Ali"
Norman MacCaig ( 14 November 1910 – 23 January 1996) was a Scottish poet. His work is known for its humour, simplicity of language and great popularity. ...more on Wikipedia about "Norman MacCaig"
Norman Mattoon Thomas ( November 20, 1884 - December 19, 1968) was a leading American socialist, pacifist, and six-time presidential candidate for the Socialist Party of America. ...more on Wikipedia about "Norman Thomas"
Oliver Postgate (born 1925) is the creator and writer of some of the most popular children's television programmes ever seen in Britain. Pogle's Wood, Noggin the Nog, Ivor the Engine, The Clangers and Bagpuss, were all made by Smallfilms, the company he set up with Peter Firmin, and shown on the BBC between the 1950s and the 1970s. In a 1999 poll, Bagpuss was voted most popular children's programme of all time. ...more on Wikipedia about "Oliver Postgate"
Paul Eddington CBE ( June 18, 1927 – November 4, 1995) was a well-loved British actor best known for his appearances in popular TV sitcoms of the 70s and 80s. ...more on Wikipedia about "Paul Eddington"
Paul Revere & the Raiders is an American rock band that saw enormous mainstream success in the 1960s, best-known for hits like "Indian Reservation (The Lament Of The Cherokee Reservation Indian)" ( 1971), "Steppin' Out", "Kicks", "Let Me" ( 1969) and "Hungry" ( 1966). ...more on Wikipedia about "Paul Revere & the Raiders"
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