Alain Badiou (born 1937, Rabat, Morocco) is a prominent French left-wing philosopher who is currently the chair of Philosophy at the École Normale Supérieure (ENS). ...more on Wikipedia about "Alain Badiou"
André Comte-Sponville (born 1952) is a French atheist and materialist philosopher. He was born in Paris, France. He studied in the École Normale Supérieure, and is agregated in philosophy. ...more on Wikipedia about "André Comte-Sponville"
Antonio Negri ( 1933- ) is a moral and political philosopher from Italy. Negri is perhaps most well-known for his co-authorship of Empire and his work on Spinoza. Born in Padua, he became a political philosophy professor in his hometown university. Negri founded Potere Operaio (Worker Power) group in 1969 and was a leading member of the Autonomia Marxist group. Accused in the early 1980s of being the mastermind behind the May 1978 assassination of Aldo Moro, leader of Christian-Democrat Party, Negri was later cleared of any links with the Red Brigades who had carried out Moro's kidnapping. Negri went into exile in France and taught at the Université de Vincennes (Paris-VIII) and the Collège International de Philosophie, along with Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze. In 1997, he voluntarily returned to Italy to serve the end of his sentence. He now divides his time between Rome, Venice and Paris. ...more on Wikipedia about "Antonio Negri"
Arnold Ruge ( 13 September 1802 - 31 December 1880) was a German philosopher and political writer. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arnold Ruge"
Arthur Schopenhauer ( February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher. He is most famous for his work The World as Will and Representation. He is commonly known for having espoused a sort of philosophical pessimism that saw life as being essentially evil, futile, and full of suffering. However, upon closer inspection, in accordance with Eastern thought, especially that of Buddhism, he saw salvation, deliverance, or escape from suffering in aesthetic contemplation, sympathy for others, and ascetic living. His ideas profoundly influenced the fields of philosophy, psychology, and literature. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arthur Schopenhauer"
Claude Lefort was born in 1924 and was politically active by 1942 under the influence of his tutor, the phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty (whose posthumous publications Lefort later edited). By 1943 he was organising a faction of the Trotskyist Parti Communiste Internationaliste at the Lycée Henry IV in Paris. Lefort was impressed by Cornelius Castoriadis when he first met him. From 1946 he collaborated with him in the Chaulieu-Montal Tendency, from their noms-de guerre Pierre Chaulieu(Castoriadis) and Claude Montal (Lefort), publishing 0n the Regime and Against the Defence of the USSR, a critique of both the Soviet Union and its Trotskyist supporters. They suggested that the USSR was dominated by a social layer of bureaucrats, and that it consisted of a new kind of society as aggressive as Western European societies. By 1948 having tried to persuade the other trotskyists of their viewpoint they broke away with about a dozen others and founded the libertarian socialist group Socialisme ou Barbarie. ...more on Wikipedia about "Claude Lefort"
Claude Lévi-Strauss ( pronounced | ) (born November 28, 1908) is a French anthropologist who became one of the twentieth century's greatest intellectuals by developing structuralism as a method of understanding human society and culture. ...more on Wikipedia about "Claude Lévi-Strauss" This text is made on http://www.shortopedia.com
Cornelius Castoriadis ( March 11 1922- December 26 1997) was born in Constantinople ( Istanbul) and his family moved soon after to Athens. After earning degrees in Political Science, Economics and Law from the University of Athens, he moved to Paris to continue his studies in 1945. He had been an active Trotskyist in Athens but broke with the Trotskyists in Paris in 1948 and joined Claude Lefort and others in founding the group and journal " Socialisme ou Barbarie" (1949-1966), which included Jean-François Lyotard, Pierre Guillaume, as members for a while, and profoundly influenced the French intellectual left, notably Guy Debord. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cornelius Castoriadis"
Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl ( April 8 1859 - April 26 1938, Freiburg) was a German philosopher, known as the "father" of phenomenology. ...more on Wikipedia about "Edmund Husserl"
Emmanuel Lévinas ( January 12, 1906 - December 25, 1995) was a Jewish philosopher born in Kovno, Lithuania, who moved to France, where he wrote most of his works. In his youth he had received a traditional Jewish education, including Talmud. He was naturalized in 1930. ...more on Wikipedia about "Emmanuel Lévinas"
Friedrich Dessauer ( 19 July 1881 – 16 February 1963) was an important physicist, a philosopher, a socially engaged entrepreneur and a journalist. ...more on Wikipedia about "Friedrich Dessauer"
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche ( IPA: ) ( October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) was a German philosopher, whose critiques of contemporary culture, religion, and philosophy centered around a basic question regarding the foundation of values and morality. Beyond the unique themes dealt with in his works, Nietzsche's powerful style and subtle approach are distinguishing features of his writings. Although largely overlooked during his short working life, which ended with a mental collapse at the age of 44, and frequently misunderstood and misrepresented thereafter, Nietzsche received recognition during the second half of the 20th century as a highly significant figure in modern philosophy. His influence was particularly noted by many existentialist, 20th century phenomenological and postmodern philosophers. ...more on Wikipedia about "Friedrich Nietzsche"
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling ( January 27, 1775 - August 20, 1854) was a German philosopher. Standard histories of philosophy make him the midpoint in the development of German Idealism, situating him between Fichte, his mentor prior to 1800, and Hegel, his erstwhile roommate and friend. Interpreting Schelling's philosophy is often difficult because of its ever-changing nature. Some scholars characterize him as a protean thinker who, although brilliant, jumped from one subject to another and lacked the synthesizing power needed to arrive at a complete philosophical system. Others challenge the notion that Schelling's thought is marked by profound breaks, instead arguing that his philosophy always focused on a few common themes, especially human freedom, the absolute, and the relationship between man and nature. Schelling's thought has often been neglected, especially in the English-speaking world. This stems not only from the ascendancy of Hegel, whose mature works portray Schelling as a mere footnote in the development of Idealism, but also from his Naturphilosophie, which positivist scientists have often riduculed for its "silly" analogizing and lack of empirical orientation. In recent years, Schelling scholars have forcefully attacked both of these sources of neglect. ...more on Wikipedia about "Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling"
Gaston Bachelard ( June 27, 1884 – October 16, 1962) was a French philosopher and poet who rose to some of the most prestigious positions in the French academy despite his humble origins. He mainly taught philosophy of science, inventing the concept of epistemological block and the epistemological break (the word itself is almost never used by Bachelard, but became famous with Althusser). He influenced many French philosophers, among whom Michel Foucault. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gaston Bachelard"
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Georges Bataille ( September 16, 1897 – July 9, 1962) was a French writer, anthropologist and philosopher, though he avoided this last term himself. ...more on Wikipedia about "Georges Bataille"
Georges Politzer ( 1903- 1942) was a French philosopher and Marxist theoretician of Hungarian origin, affectionally referred to as the philosophe roux, or "red-headed philosopher". He was a native of Nagyvárad ( Oradea), Hungary. ...more on Wikipedia about "Georges Politzer"
Gianfranco Sanguinetti was a writer and member of the Situationist International (SI), a political art movement. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gianfranco Sanguinetti"
Gilles Deleuze ( January 18, 1925 - November 4, 1995 (pron.
Giorgio Agamben (1942 –) is an Italian philosopher who teaches at the University of Verona. He also holds a professorship at the European Graduate School, teaches at the Collège International de Philosophie in Paris and at the University of Macerata in Italy, and has held visiting appointments at several American universities. He became famous for his investigations on the concepts of state of exception and Homo sacer . ...more on Wikipedia about "Giorgio Agamben"
Guy Debord (born December 28, 1931 in Paris; died November 30, 1994 in Auvergne) was a member of the Lettrist International, Socialisme ou Barbarie and a founder and chief essayist of the Situationist International (SI). ...more on Wikipedia about "Guy Debord"
German-born philosopher Hans Jonas ( may 10 1903 - February 5 1993) studied under Martin Heidegger and Rudolf Bultmann in the 1920s. In 1933 he emigrated to England; in 1935 he went to Palestine, in 1949 to Canada. In 1955 he took up lecturing in New York. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hans Jonas"
Hans-Georg Gadamer ( February 11, 1900 – March 13, 2002) was a German philosopher best known for his 1960 magnum opus, Truth and Method (Wahrheit und Methode). ...more on Wikipedia about "Hans-Georg Gadamer"
Hélène Cixous, (born June 5 1937), is a French feminist writer, poet, playwright, philosopher and literary critic. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hélène Cixous"
Henri-Louis Bergson ( October 18, 1859 – January 4, 1941) was a French philosopher, influential in France, but out of the main currents of his time. ...more on Wikipedia about "Henri Bergson"
Henri Lefebvre, born June 16 1901, died 1991 was a French Marxist sociologist, intellectual and philosopher. ...more on Wikipedia about "Henri Lefebvre"
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