The Anarchist Black Cross (or ABC) is an anarchist political Prison Abolition organization, first started in Russia as the Anarchist Red Cross, a support organization for political prisoners. During the Russian Civil War ( 1918- 20), the group's name was changed, so as to avoid confusion with the Red Cross. The Black Cross declined in influence during the Great Depression; however, during the 1960s, it was reformed in Britain and, during the 1980s, expanded into North America. The group is notable for its efforts at providing prisoners with political literature, but it also organises material and legal support for class struggle prisoners worldwide. It commonly contrasts itself with Amnesty International, which organisation is concerned mainly with prisoners of conscience, whereas the ABC openly supports those who have committed crimes in furtherance of revolutionary aims that anarchists accept as legitimate. The Anarchist Black Cross in North America is largely divided into two groups, the Anarchist Black Cross Network, and the Anarchist Black Cross Federation. They have somewhat differing goals and methods, and the ABCF is more centrally controlled. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anarchist Black Cross"
The Anchored Cross is a symbol which is shaped like a plus sign with anchor-like protrusions at the end of each arm, hence the name Anchored Cross. The symbol can be used to signify 'fresh start' or 'hope'. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anchored Cross"
The ankh (pronounced 'ahnk', symbol ) was the Egyptian hieroglyphic character that stood for the word , which means life). Egyptian gods may carry it by the loop, or bear one in each hand crossed over their breast. Latinists interpreted the symbol as a crux ansata, " cross with a handle". ...more on Wikipedia about "Ankh"
The Arrow Cross (Nyilaskereszt) originated in Hungary in the 1930s as the symbol of the leading Hungarian fascist political party, the Arrow Cross Party, led by Ferenc Szálasi, an ex-army major. Leaders of National Council of the Arrow Cross after Szálasi included Jeno Szollosi, Josef Gera and Ferenc Kassai-Schallmajer. In 1939 it numbered close to 500,000 members and won 31 seats in parliamentary elections. The Arrow Cross party lasted until the end of World War II in 1945. Subsequently, the symbol came to be used by other racist and anti-Semitic groups. From October 1944 - January 1945 the Arrow Cross sent 80,000 Jews on a death march to the Austrian border. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arrow Cross"
Auschwitz cross refers to the cross erected near the Auschwitz concentration camp. In 1979, the newly elected Polish Pope John Paul II said mass on the grounds of the Auschwitz II (Birkenau) extermination camp to some 500,000 people. An 8.6 metre (26 ft) tall cross was erected there for the purpose, and removed after the event. ...more on Wikipedia about "Auschwitz cross"
:Blue Cross redirects here. For other uses, see Blue Cross (disambiguation). ...more on Wikipedia about "Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association"
Brigid's cross, Brighid's cross, or Brigit's cross, or Crosóg Brigde(in gaelic) is an old Irish symbol, probably derivative of the pagan sunwheel. It is usually made entirely out of rushes, less often straw. It contains a woven square in the centre and four radials which are tied at the ends. ...more on Wikipedia about "Brigid's cross" Tell your opinion about www.shortopedia.com
A Celtic cross combines the cross with a ring surrounding the intersection. It is the characteristic symbol of Celtic Christianity, though it may have older, pre- Christian origins. ...more on Wikipedia about "Celtic cross"
The Christian cross is a familiar religious symbol of Christianity. It is significant for Christians based on the gospel accounts of the New Testament, which describe the manner of Jesus Christ's death as crucifixion. This painful method of execution was common for slaves and non-Romans convicted of serious crimes in the Roman Empire. It was an inately disgraceful association in the eyes of the Roman world for at least 250 years after the death of Jesus. It was different in Egypt, which had another kind of cross, the Ankh. It had been a religious symbol for 2500 years. It was this exception, the association of the cross and ankh, that allowed the cross to become the symbol of the entire faith. ...more on Wikipedia about "Christian cross"
In astrology, a cosmic cross is an ancient term for the T-Square. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cosmic cross"
A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two lines or bars intersecting each other at a 90° angle, dividing one or two of the lines in half. The lines usually run vertically and horizontally; if they run diagonally, the design is technically termed a saltire. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cross"
A cross is the decoration located at the highest level of a crown on top of the monde. Its usage traditionally symbolised the Christian nature of the monarchy of that country, though not all crowns even in monarchies associated with Christianity used a cross as its top decoration, with some French crowns using other national symbols. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cross (crown)"
Cross lighting is a practice widely associated with the Ku Klux Klan, which burns crosses on hillsides or near the homes of those they wish to intimidate. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cross burning"
The Cross of Lorraine is a heraldic cross. It consists of a vertical line, crossed by two smaller horizontal bars. The lower bar is as close to the bottom of the vertical as the upper bar is to the top. In the ancient version, both bars were of the same length. In 20th century use, the lower bar is longer than the upper, thus resembling a patriarchal cross, the crossbars of which, however, are both near the top. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cross of Lorraine"
The Cross of Sacrifice was designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield for the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and is the focal point of the numerous cemeteries honoring the war dead of World War I that dot the countryside of the Western Front, and as far afield as Kranji, Singapore ** . It is a 4 point limestone Latin cross. On the face of the cross is a bronze sword, blade down. It is usually mounted on an octagonal base. Originally they were produced in sizes of 14, 18, 20 and 24 foot heights to better fit different size memorials without overpowering them. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cross of Sacrifice"
A St. Peter's Cross is an inverted Latin cross often associated with Satanism. According to popular belief, the cross is a symbol of inverted grace, or falling away from Christ's grace. However, the origin of this symbol comes from the fact that St Peter was crucified upside down, as he felt he was unworthy to be crucified in the same manner that Christ died (upright). It is often used with two keys, symbolizing the keys of heaven. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cross of St. Peter"
A cross pattée (also known as a "cross pattee", "cross patty" or "cross formy") is a type of cross that has arms which are narrow at the center, and broader at the perimeter. The name comes from the fact that the shape of each arm of the cross was thought to resemble a paw (French patte). Here are several variants of the cross pattée: ...more on Wikipedia about "Cross pattée"
Many crowns worn by monarchs have jewelled cross pattée (or pattee) symbols located on the band. Most crowns possess at least four crosses pattee, with the crown's half arches connected to the band of the crown at the crosses pattee. Some crowns are designed so that the half-arches can be detached from the crosses pattee, allowing it to be worn on occasion as a circlet. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cross pattée (crown)"
The Crosstar is an anti-communist symbol adopted by the Nationalist Movement, which named its website after the emblem. It represents a combination of a cross, representing Christianity, and a star, representing those sewn into the American flag by Betsy Ross. Although the two are almost identical, its advocates claim that the Crosstar has no direct relation with the fascist Arrow Cross symbol. Both are basically the arrow cross symbol ** that is traced back to ancient times and was used by Hungarian tribes in the middle ages ** . ...more on Wikipedia about "Crosstar"
(Crucifixion) :Crucify redirects here. For the song, see Crucify (song). ...more on Wikipedia about "Crucifixion"
Crux gemmata is a fork-ended jeweled cross with thirteen precious stones, from which its Latin name ("gemmed") is derived. It is a Christian symbol for Christ and His twelve apostles, and represents the Resurrection. ...more on Wikipedia about "Crux Gemmata"
The term double cross refers most basically to a graphical character (‡), and by extension to a betrayal. ...more on Wikipedia about "Double cross"
The Eleanor crosses are stone monuments in the shape of a cross that Edward I of England erected lavishly decorated mounuments in memory of his wife Eleanor of Castile at the twelve places where her funeral procession stopped overnight on its route from Harby, near the city of Lincoln, to Westminster Abbey in London in 1290. A similar event had taken place in France for the body of King Louis IX in 1271. ...more on Wikipedia about "Eleanor cross"
The Fiery cross is the English language term for a piece of wood, such as a baton, that North Europeans, e.g. Scotsmen and Scandinavians used to send to rally people for things, for defence or rebellion (if beacons were not appropriate). ...more on Wikipedia about "Fiery cross"
Fylfot or fylfot cross is a synonym for swastika, sometimes used in Britain. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fylfot"
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