Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza ( 1545 - 1592) was the son of Duke Ottavio Farnese, duke of Parma and Margaret, the illegitimate daughter of the Habsburg Emperor Charles V. Thus Alessandro was the nephew of Philip II of Spain and of Don John of Austria. He led a significant military and diplomatic career in the service of Spain. He fought at the Battle of Lepanto (1571) and then in the Netherlands against anti-Spanish rebels. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza"
Ambrosio Spinola Doria, marqués de los Balbases ( 1569 - September 25, 1630), Spanish general, was born in Genoa. He was the eldest son of Filippo Spinola, marquis of Sesto and Benafro, and his wife Polissena, daughter of the prince of Salerno. The family of Spinola was of great antiquity, wealth and power in Genoa. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ambrosio Spinola, marqués de los Balbases"
Balthasar Gérard (in Dutch, Gerards or Gerardts) ( 1557- 1584) was the assassin of the Dutch independence leader, William the Silent, also known as William I of Orange. ...more on Wikipedia about "Balthasar Gérard"
Don Fadrique Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva ( 1537- 1583) was a commander in the Spanish army during the Eighty Years' War. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fadrique Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva"
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, the third Duke of Alba ( 1508- January 12, 1583) was a Spanish general and governor of the Spanish Netherlands ( 1567 - 1573), nicknamed "the Iron Duke" by Protestants of the Low Countries because of harsh rule. Although the Duke led oppressive and brutal military operations in Flanders, his cruelty was exaggerated in Dutch and English folklore, forming a new and central component of the Black Legend. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba"
Frederick Henry ( January 29, 1584– March 14, 1647), Prince of Orange, the youngest child of William the Silent, was born at Delft about six months before his father's assassination. ...more on Wikipedia about "Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange"
Johan van Oldenbarnevelt ( September 14, 1547, Amersfoort – May 13, 1619, The Hague) was a Dutch statesman, who played an important role in the Dutch struggle for independence from Spain. ...more on Wikipedia about "Johan van Oldenbarnevelt"
Juan de Jáuregui ( 1562 - March 18, 1582) was killed trying to assassinate Prince William I of Orange. He was a Biscayan by his birth in Bilbao. ...more on Wikipedia about "Juan de Jáuregui"
Kenau Simonsdochter Hasselaer was born in 1526. Her father was Mayor of Haarlem. When the city was besieged by the Spanish she allegedly led 300 women in defence of the city. After the city was captured she fled but returned years later. She died at the hands of pirates in 1588. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kenau Simonsdochter Hasselaer"
Lamoral, Count of Egmont ( November 18, 1522 – June 5 1568) was a general and statesman in Flanders just before the start of the Eighty Years' War. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lamoral, Count of Egmont"
Louis of Nassau ( January 10 1538 – April 14 1574) was a brother of William I of Orange. ...more on Wikipedia about "Louis of Nassau"
Luis de Zúñiga y Requesens ( Barcelona, 1528 — Brussels, March 5, 1576), Spanish governor of the Netherlands, had the misfortune to succeed the Duke of Alba and to govern amid hopeless difficulties under the direction of Philip II. ...more on Wikipedia about "Luis de Zúñiga y Requesens"
Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp ( April 23, 1598– August 10, 1653) was an officer and later admiral in the Dutch navy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Maarten Tromp"
Maurice of Nassau (in Dutch Maurits van Nassau) ( 14 November 1567 – 23 April 1625), Prince of Orange (1618–1625), son of William the Silent and Princess Anna of Saxony, was born at the castle of Dillenburg. He was named for his maternal grandfather, the Elector Maurice of Saxony. ...more on Wikipedia about "Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange"
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Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter ( 24 March 1607 - 29 April 1676) is the most famous admiral in Dutch history. De Ruyter fought the English in the first three Anglo-Dutch Wars and scored several major victories. ...more on Wikipedia about "Michiel de Ruyter"
Philip de Montmorency ( 1524- June 5, 1568) was also known as Count of Horne. ...more on Wikipedia about "Philip de Montmorency, Count of Hoorn"
Philip II ( Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburg; Portuguese: Filipe I) (Born: May 21, 1527; Died: September 13 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, king of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1558, and King of Portugal (as Philip I) from 1580 until 1598. King of Chile 1554. He was born at Valladolid and was the only legitimate son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Isabella, the daughter of king Manuel I of Portugal, to survive childhood. ...more on Wikipedia about "Philip II of Spain"
Philips van der Aa (born in Mechelen, died after 1586), was a Dutch statesman during the Dutch struggle for independence, the Eighty Years' War. He had been mayor of the town of Mechelen in 1564, but was banished by the Duke of Alva. He returned on the side of William I, Prince of Orange (William the Silent). In 1572, he came back to power in Mechelen by cunning. In 1573 he was assigned as councillor at the court of Diederik Sonoy, and in 1574 he became commander in Gorkum. ...more on Wikipedia about "Philips van der Aa"
Philips van Marnix, lord of St Aldegonde ( 1538 - December 15, 1598), was a Dutch writer and statesman, and the probable author of the text of the Dutch national anthem, the Wilhelmus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Philips van Marnix, lord of Sint-Aldegonde"
Piet Pieterszoon Hein (or Pieter Pietersen Heyn) ( November 25, 1577 – June 18, 1629) was a Dutch naval officer and folk hero during the Eighty Years' War between the United Provinces and Spain. ...more on Wikipedia about "Piet Pieterszoon Hein"
Roger Williams (~1537 - 1595) was a Welsh soldier of fortune. ...more on Wikipedia about "Roger Williams (soldier)"
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Trijn van de Leemput ( 1530? - 1607) became famous for her supposed acts of resistance against the Spanish occupation of Utrecht (the Netherlands) in the beginning of the 80 years' war. According to popular belief she was the leader of a large group of women that, in 1577, took down the walls of the castle "Vredenburg", the main stronghold of the Spanish soldiers in the city. A statue of Trijn can be found at the Bakkerbrug in the center of Utrecht. ...more on Wikipedia about "Trijn van de Leemput"
Wigbolt Ripperda (1535?-1573) was the city governor of Haarlem when the city was under siege by the Spanish army in the Eighty Years' War. ...more on Wikipedia about "Wigbolt Ripperda"
Willem van der Zaan (1621-1669) was a Dutch Admiral who died in the battle of Algiers. He joined the Dutch navy at a young age and had risen to the rank of captain by 1652. As a captain, he served under the famous Admiral de Ruyter. He took part in the Anglo-Dutch War from 1652- 1654, fighting in the battles of Niewpoort and Terheyde. He commanded several ships, including the Campen, the Beschermer, and the Tijdverdrijf. ...more on Wikipedia about "Willem van der Zaan"
William I of Orange- Nassau ( April 24, 1533 – July 10, 1584), also widely known as William the Silent, was born in the House of Nassau, and became Prince of Orange in 1544. He was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish that set off the Eighty Years' War and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1648. ...more on Wikipedia about "William the Silent"
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