Aaron's sign is a referred pain felt in the epigastrium upon continuous firm pressure over McBurney's point. It is indicative of chronic appendicitis. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aaron sign"
Abadie's sign is Spasm of the Levator Palpebrae Superioris muscle with retraction of the upper lid (so that sclera is visible above cornea) seen in Graves-Basedow disease which, together with exophthalmos causes the bulging eyes appearance. ...more on Wikipedia about "Abadie's sign"
Abadie's symptom may be elicited during clinical examination. Pinching of, or the application of firm pressure to, the Achilles tendon does not result in pain in tabes dorsalis. This is because the sense of deep pain has been abolished. ...more on Wikipedia about "Abadie's symptom"
The abdominojugular test, also known as hepatojugular reflux, is used as an alternate test for measuring jugular venous pressure (JVP), the distension of the jugular vein. A positive test is an indicator of right sided heart insufficiency. ...more on Wikipedia about "Abdominojugular test"
Adson's sign is seen during abduction and external rotation at the shoulder, where there is loss of the radial pulse in the arm. ...more on Wikipedia about "Adson's sign"
Alexander's law is manifested during spontaneous nystagmus in a patient bearing a vestibular lesion. The nystagmus becomes more intense when the patient looks in the quick-phase than in the slow-phase direction. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alexander's law"
In medicine, Allen's test, also Allen test, is used to test blood supply to the hand. It is performed prior to radial arterial blood sampling or cannulation. ...more on Wikipedia about "Allen's test" Pure http://www.shortopedia.com. Pure Information Power.
The Apgar score was devised in 1952 by Virginia Apgar as a simple and repeatable method to quickly and summarily assess the health of newborn children immediately after childbirth. ...more on Wikipedia about "Apgar score"
The Apley grind test or Apley test is used to evaluate individuals for problems in the meniscus of the knee. In order to perform the test, the individual lays face-down on an examination table and flexes a knee to a ninety degree angle. The examiner then places his or her own knee across the posterior aspect of the patient's thigh. The [tibia]] is then compressed onto the knee joint while being externally rotated. If this maneuver produces pain, this constitutes a "positive Apley test" and damage to the meniscus is likely. The Apley test is named for Alan Graham Apley (1914-1996), a British orthopedic surgeon. ...more on Wikipedia about "Apley grind test"
Argyll Robertson pupils are small, unequal, irregularly shaped pupils that constrict with accommodation but do not react normally to light. This means that while the eyes can focus on objects both near and far, the direct and consensual response to light are reduced or absent. These are usually, but not always caused by central nervous system complications of syphilis. ...more on Wikipedia about "Argyll Robertson pupil"
The Arneth count or Arneth index describes the nucleus of a type of white blood cell called a neutrophil in an attempt to detect disease. Neutrophils typically have two or three lobes. In general, older neutrophils have more lobes than younger neutrophils. The Arneth count determines the percentage of neutrophils with one, two, three, four, and five or more lobes. Individuals who have a larger percentage of neutrophils with fewer lobes have a left shift which can be indicative of disease processes such as infection. Individuals with a larger percentage of neutrophils with more lobes have a right shift and most commonly have diseases such as vitamin B12 or folate deficiency. The Arneth count is not commonly used in modern medicine. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arneth count"
Auspitz's sign is the appearance of punctate bleeding spots when psoriasis scales are scraped off. It is named for Heinrich Auspitz. ...more on Wikipedia about "Auspitz's sign"
In cardiology, an Austin Flint murmur is detected in cases of severe aortic regurgitation. The blood jets from the aortic regurgitation strike the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve, leading to a mid-diastolic, low-pitched rumbling best heard at the cardiac apex. ...more on Wikipedia about "Austin Flint murmur"
In medical terminology, Battle's sign is an indication of fracture of the base of the posterior portion of the skull and may suggest underlying brain trauma. It consists of bruising immediately behind the ears. Another common bruising sign of a skull injury is raccoon eyes, the purplish discoloration around the eyes following fracture of the frontal portion of the skull base. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle's sign"
Beck's triad is comprised of fall in the systolic pressure, rising jugular venous pressure and suppressed heart sounds. These findings are typical of cardiac tamponade. ...more on Wikipedia about "Beck's triad"
Biot's respirations, sometimes also called cluster respiration, is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by groups of quick, shallow inspirations followed by regular or irregular periods of apnea. ...more on Wikipedia about "Biot's respiration"
Bitot's spots are spots located superficially in the conjunctiva, which are oval, triangular or irregular in shape. It is a sign of vitamin A deficiency. Therefore, it is seen with night blindness. In ancient egypt, this was treated with animal liver. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bitot's spots"
Blumberg sign is indicative of peritonitis. The abdominal wall is compressed slowly and rapidly released. Presence of pain makes the sign positive. ...more on Wikipedia about "Blumberg sign"
Boston's sign, (also known as Graefe's sign) is seen in people who have Graves-Basedow disease, a type of hyperthyroidism. In this disease, the immune system attacks the thyroid gland and the soft tissues surrounding the eyes. As a result, the eye are often pushed forward in the eye sockets, a condition known as exophthalmos. Boston's sign occurs when the upper eyelid fails to lower when gaze is directed downward. ...more on Wikipedia about "Boston's sign"
Bouchard's nodes are bony outgrowths on the proximal interphalangeal joints. They are a sign of osteoarthritis, and are less common than Heberden's nodes. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bouchard's nodes"
Brushfield spots are small white spots on the periphery of the iris in the human eye and are a feature of Down syndrome. They are named after a physician, Thomas Brushfield who first described them in 1924. ...more on Wikipedia about "Brushfield spots" There's a bit of shortopedia in all of us. shortopedia
There are two sets of Charcot's triads, both of which are sets of clinical signs relating to quite separate diseases. One pertains to multiple sclerosis while the other refers to cholangitis. Charcot's triads are named after Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893), the French neurologist who first described these combinations of signs in relation to these diseases. ...more on Wikipedia about "Charcot's triad"
Charcot-Leyden crystals are microscopic crystals seen in people who have asthma or parasitic pneumonia. These crystals long, clear, and have points at each end. They are comprised of lysophospholipase, an enzyme which is found in eosinophils, a particular kind of white blood cell. These eosinophils are active in both allergic diseases (such as asthma) and parasitic infections (such as ascariasis). They were described in the mid-1800s by Friedrich Albert von Zenker, Jean-Martin Charcot, Ernst Viktor von Leyden, and Charles-Philippe Robin. ...more on Wikipedia about "Charcot-Leyden crystals"
Cheyne-Stokes respiration is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by periods of breathing with gradually increasing and decreasing tidal volume interspersed with periods of apnea. In cases of increasing intracranial pressure, it is often the first abnormal breathing pattern to appear. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cheyne-Stokes respiration"
Chvostek's sign (also Weiss' sign) is one of the signs of tetany seen in hypocalcemia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chvostek's sign"
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