Alchemy is an early protoscientific and philosophical discipline combining the elements of chemistry, metallurgy, physics, medicine, astrology, semiotics, mysticism, and art. Alchemy has been practiced in ancient Egypt, India, and China, in Classical Greece and Rome, in the Islamic empire, and then in Europe up to the 19th century — in a complex network of schools and philosophical systems spanning at least 2500 years. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alchemy"
Anthroposophy, also called spiritual science by its founder, Rudolf Steiner is an attempt to investigate and describe spiritual phenomena with the same precision and clarity with which natural science investigates and describes the physical world. Steiner described his approach as "soul-observations using scientific methodology". (Steiner,  1995). His ideas have their roots in the flowering of Germanic culture that resulted in the transcendent philosophy of Hegel, Fichte and Schelling, on the one hand, and the poetic and scientific works of Goethe, upon whom Steiner draws heavily, on the other. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anthroposophy"
Alchemy in the Western World and other locations where it was widely practiced was (and in many cases still is) closely allied and intertwined with traditional Babylonian-Greek style astrology; in numerous ways they were built to complement each other in the search for hidden knowledge. Traditionally, each of the seven planets in the solar system as known to the ancients was associated with, held dominion over, and ruled a certain metal. ...more on Wikipedia about "Astrology and alchemy"
A caduceus (kerykeion in Greek) is a staff with two snakes wrapped around it. It was an ancient astrological symbol of commerce and is associated with the Greek god Hermes, the messenger for the gods, astrologer, healer, and creator of magical incantations, conductor of the dead and protector of merchants and thieves. It was originally a herald's staff, sometimes with wings, with two white ribbons attached. The ribbons eventually evolved into snakes in the figure-eight shape. The number eight is important to the practicioners of judicial astrology. ...more on Wikipedia about "Caduceus"
Catharism was a religious movement with Gnostic elements that originated around the middle of the 10th century, branded by the contemporary Roman Catholic Church as heretical. It existed throughout much of Western Europe, but its home was in Languedoc and surrounding areas in southern France. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cathar"
The Enneagram (or Enneagon) is a nine-pointed diametric figure which is used to indicate the dynamic ways that aspects of things and processes are connected and change. ...more on Wikipedia about "Enneagram"
Esotericism refers to knowledge suitable only for the advanced, privileged, or initiated, as opposed to exoteric knowledge, which is public. It is used especially for mystical, occult and spiritual viewpoints. ...more on Wikipedia about "Esotericism"
The Great Chain of Being is a classical and western medieval conception of the order of the universe, whose chief characteristic is a strict hierarchal system. ...more on Wikipedia about "Great chain of being"
Hermes Trismegistus (Greek for "Hermes the thrice-greatest", Greek: Ερμης ο Τρισμεγιστος) or Mercurius ter Maximus in Latin, is the syncretism of the Greek god Hermes and the Egyptian Thoth. In Hellenistic Egypt, the god Hermes was given as epithet the Greek name of Thoth. He has also been identified with Enoch. Other similar syncretized gods include Serapis and Hermanubis. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hermes Trismegistus"
The role of the hierophant in religion is to bring the congregants into the presence of that which is deemed holy. The word comes from Ancient Greece, where it was constructed from the combination of ta hiera, "the holy," and phainein, "to show." In Attica it was the title of the chief priest at the Eleusinian Mysteries. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hierophant"
Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man was an esoteric spiritual school founded by G. I. Gurdjieff in 1922 also known as Le Prieuré for the name of the property that he purchased in Fontainebleau-Avon south of Paris in France. The school was dedicated to work on oneself as a means of spiritual self-perfection and self-observation in the struggle against waking sleep towards achieving the state of self-remembering or subjective consciousness -- the third state of consciousness -- there being four states of consciousness in total. ...more on Wikipedia about "Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man"
Kashmir Shaivism is the philosophical school of consciousness that arose in Kashmir about 1200 years ago. The notion of Kashmir Shaivism originated in 1913 with the publication of J.C. Chatterji's text of the same name. Before that point the same thoughts would have been labeled Shaiva Monism, or the generic form Trika. Kashmir Shaivism is a tantric system with emphasis in areas which Navjivan Rastogi describes in his foreword for Dynamic Stillness by Swami Chetanananda, "The logical structure of Kashmir Shaivism may be said to be rooted in recognition (pratyabhijna); its ontic structure, in autonomy (svatantrya); its metaphysical structure, in the synthesis of Being and self-referential consciousness (prakasha-vimarsha); its process of spiritual practice ( sadhana), in the refinement of the mental constructs ( vikalpa- samskara); its yogic framework, in the awakening of the spiral energy ( kundalini); and its empirical and epistemic transactions, in synthetic activity. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kashmir Shaivism"
Manly Palmer Hall ( March 18, 1901 - August 29, 1990) was a prolific American author and mystic. He is perhaps most famous for his work The Secret Teaching of All Ages: An Encyclopedic Outline of Masonic, Hermetic, Qabbalistic and Rosicrucian Symbolical Philosophy, which he published at the age of twenty five; the first line of which is, " Philosophy is the science of estimating values." ...more on Wikipedia about "Manly Palmer Hall"
Mohra Sharif (Holy Village; Mohra for "small village" and Sharif for "holy" or "noble") is an isolated mountain monastery and home of the Naqshbandia Mujaddadiya Qasimiya- Nazeeriya Sufi Islamic Order also known as Nisbat-e-Rasooli (meaning Relation to the Prophet), located in the Murree hills of Punjab, Pakistan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mohra Sharif"
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Pythagoreanism is a term used for the esoteric and metaphysical beliefs held by Pythagoras and his followers, the Pythagoreans, who were much influenced by mathematics and probably a main inspiration source to Plato and platonism. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pythagoreanism"
The Rosicrucian Order is a legendary and secretive Order dating from the 15th or 17th century. It generally is associated with the symbol of the Rose Cross, which is also found in certain rituals beyond "Craft" or " Blue Lodge" Freemasonry. The Rosicrucian Order is viewed among earlier and many modern Rosicrucianists as an inner worlds Order, comprised of great "Adepts." When compared to human beings, the consciousness of these Adepts is said to be like that of demi- gods. This "College of Invisibles" is regarded as the source permanently behind the development of the Rosicrucian movement. ...more on Wikipedia about "Rosicrucian"
The Rosicrucian Fellowship was founded in 1909/ 11 by Max Heindel as herald of the Aquarian Age and with the aim of promulgating the Rosicrucian teachings of the Mystery School of the West, the invisible Rosicrucian Order (which, according to Max Heindel, is an Order in the inner worlds, having no direct connection to physical organizations which call themselves by this name). The Rosicrucian Fellowship conducts Spiritual Healing Services and offers correspondence courses in Esoteric Christianity Philosophy, Spiritual Astrology, and Bible Interpretation. Its headquarters are located in Mount Ecclesia, Oceanside, California ( USA) and its students are found throughout the world organized in centers and study groups. ...more on Wikipedia about "Rosicrucian Fellowship"
Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a mystic tradition of Islam based on the pursuit of spiritual truth as it is gradually revealed to the heart and mind of the Sufi (one who practices Sufism). ...more on Wikipedia about "Sufism"
Surat Shabd Yoga or Surat Shabda Yoga is a form of spiritual practice that is followed in the Sant Mat and many other related spiritual traditions. As a Sanskrit term, surat means " soul," shabd means "word" and yoga means "union." The term "word" means the “Sound Current,” the “Audible Life Stream” or the “Essence of the Absolute Supreme Being,” that is, the dynamic force of creative energy that was sent out, as sound vibration, from the Supreme Being into the abyss of space at the dawn of the universe's manifestation, and that is being sent forth, through the ages, framing all things that constitute and inhabit the universe. . ...more on Wikipedia about "Surat Shabd Yoga"
The Rosicrucian Cosmo-Conception or Mystic Christianity is a Rosicrucian text, written by Max Heindel (ISBN 0-911274-34-0) ...more on Wikipedia about "The Rosicrucian Cosmo-Conception"
The Theosophical Society was the organization formed to advance the spiritual doctrines and altruistic living known as Theosophy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Theosophical Society" Please visit again http://www.shortopedia.com
Theosophy is a body of ideas which holds that all religions are attempts by man to ascertain "the Divine," and as such each religion has a portion of the truth. Theosophy, as a coherent system of thought, developed from the writings of Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (also Hélène). Together with Henry Steel Olcott, William Quan Judge, and others she founded the Theosophical Society in 1875. ...more on Wikipedia about "Theosophy"
Theurgy describes the practice of rituals, sometimes seen as magical in nature, performed with the intention of invoking the action of God (or other personified supernatural power), especially with the goal of uniting with the divine, or perfecting or improving oneself. ...more on Wikipedia about "Theurgy"
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