The Ainu ( pronounced , "eye-noo", アイヌ / aynu) are an ethnic group indigenous to Hokkaido, the northern part of Honshu in Northern Japan, the Kuril Islands, much of Sakhalin, and the southernmost third of the Kamchatka peninsula. The word "ainu" means "human" in the Ainu language; Emishi, Ezo or Yezo (蝦夷) are Japanese terms; and Utari, ウタリ, (meaning "comrade" in Ainu) is now preferred by some members. There are most likely over 150,000 Ainu today, however the exact figure is not known as many Ainu hide their origins or in many cases are not even aware of them, their parents having kept it from them so as to protect their children from racism. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ainu people"
(Azumi-zoku) The Agumo (安族) were a people of ancient Japan, believed to have lived in the north of Kyushu. ...more on Wikipedia about "Azumi-zoku"
The Emishi were natives of northern Honshu that opposed and resisted the rule of the Japanese Emperors during the late Nara and early Heian periods (7th-10th centuries A.D.). At the end of the Heian period (12th C.), those Emishi who were still outside the authority of the state became known as Ezo. ...more on Wikipedia about "Emishi"
The term Ethnic Japanese, or Nikkei (日系), usually refers to people who live outside Japan, who either emigrated from Japan or are descendants of a person who emigrated from Japan. The largest such communities are in the United States (mainly California and Hawaii), Brazil, and China (mainly Shanghai), although there are also sizable communities in Peru, Mexico, Russia, Australia (mainly Queensland and Sydney) as well as other countries. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ethnic Japanese"
The Hayato ( Japanese: 隼人) were a people of ancient Japan, believed to have lived in the south of Kyushu until at least the Nara period. It has been suggested that the Hayato people were closely related to Malay/Polynesian people. The Kumaso seem to be their distant cousin as well. The Kagoshima dialect could be the result of mixture of the Japanese language and the language of the Hayato. It is widely belived that the majority of the Hayato people have migrated to modern day Shimizu, ward of the city of Shizuoka. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hayato (people)"
The Japanese (日本人, Nihon-jin) are the Yamato, Ainu, Ryukyuans, Uilta and Nivkhs of the Japanese Archipelago. While most Japanese live on the islands, some emigrated, predominantly to Hawaii, the west coast of the United States and Canada, Latin America (particularly, Brazil), and Russia, (particularly, Sakhalin and Primorsky Krai). ...more on Wikipedia about "Japanese people"
The Koshijin (高志人) were a people of ancient Japan, believed to have lived on the southern portion of the shore of the Sea of Japan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Koshijin"
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The Kumabito (肥人) were a people of ancient Japan, believed to have lived in the west of Kyushu. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kumabito"
The Kumaso (熊襲) were a peoples of ancient Japan, believed to have lived in the south of Kyushu until at least the Nara period. Their name, Japanese for "bear people", is most likely a description resulting from embellished tales of their physical features (similar to the Tsuchigumo, whose name means "ground spider"). As the Yamato pushed southward, the Kumaso people were either assimilated or exterminated. The last "King" of Kumaso was assassinated by Prince Yamatotakeru of Yamato and the Kumaso kingdom came to the end. The name of the prefecture Kumamoto comes from the Kumaso. Some people believe there are still Kumaso people living in rural Kyushu, or that there were until as late as the early 20th century. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kumaso"
(Kuzu) For the article on the Kudzu, see here ...more on Wikipedia about "Kuzu"
The Mishihase (粛填) were a peoples of ancient Japan, believed to have lived on the northern portion of the shore of the Sea of Japan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mishihase"
The Roushi (労民) were a people of ancient Japan, believed to have lived in eastern Japan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Roushi"
(Ryukyuans) Ryukyuan people (of which Okinawans are a subgroup, Japanese: 琉球民族) are the indigenous people of the Ryukyus. Their languages make up the Ryukyuan language family, one of the two branches of the Japonic language family, the other one being Japanese and its dialects. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ryukyuans"
The Saeki (佐伯) were a people of ancient Japan, believed to have lived on Honshu in the area between the modern regions of Kanto and Hokuriku. ...more on Wikipedia about "Saeki"
The Yamato people (ja:大和民族) are the dominant native ethnic group of Japan. It is a term that came to be used around the late 19th century to distinguish the residents of the mainland Japan from other minority ethnic groups who have resided in the pheripheral areas of Japan such as Ainu, Ryukyuans (Okinawans), Nivkhi, Uilta, as well as Koreans, Taiwanese, and Taiwanese aborigines who were incorporated into the Empire of Japan in the early 20th century. ...more on Wikipedia about "Yamato people"
The Yatsukahagi were an ethnic group of ancient Japan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Yatsukahagi"
Zainichi (在日) is short for "Zainichi Chōsenjin" (Koreans/ Choson people in Japan, 在日朝鮮人) or "Zainichi Kankokujin" (South Koreans in Japan, 在日韓国人), meaning the Korean residents of Japan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Zainichi Korean"
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