The Baggara or Baqqarah are a nomadic Bedouin people inhabiting Africa from between Lake Chad and the Nile, in the states of Sudan (particularly Darfur), Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Nigeria, and the Central African Republic. They are also known as Shuwa Arabs. They are cattle-herders, migrating seasonally between grazing lands in the wet season and river areas in the dry season. They are mostly speakers of the Shuwa dialect of Arabic. Most are Muslims, thought to be the descendants of Arab tribes who settled the region during the Middle Ages. Their name is a term widely used in western Sudan for Arab pastoralists, meaning literally "cattle herder." ...more on Wikipedia about "Baggara"
The Fula is an ethnic group of people spread over many countries in West Africa, from Mauritania in the northwest to Cameroon in the east. In Nigeria and other countries, as well as in literature, they are usually called Fulani. They refer to themselves as Fulbhe (singular pullo). There are also many other ways others refer to them, including Foulah, Fulfulde, Peulh, Peul, and Fulbe. A closely related group is the Tukolor (Toucouleur) in the central Senegal River valley. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fula people"
Gurma (also called Gorma or Gourmantche) is an ethnic group in Niger and Fada Ngourma, Burkina Faso. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gurma"
The Hausa are a people chiefly located in northern Nigeria and southeastern Niger. There are also significant numbers found in northern Benin, northern Ghana, Cameroon and in smaller communities scattered throughout West Africa. They speak the Hausa language which belongs to the Afro-Asiatic language group. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hausa people"
The Kanuri are an African ethnic group living in northeastern Nigeria in the state of Bornu and in Niger. They are often called Beri Beri (a name originating from Hausa). The Nigerien census of 1988 estimated 320,000 living in Niger. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kanuri"
The Songhai are an ethnic group living in western Africa, akin to the Mandé and Tuareg. The Songhai language group, however, has been connected with the Nilo-Saharan language family. They were the dominant ethnic group in the Songhai Empire. ...more on Wikipedia about "Songhai"
The Tebu are a people that live mainly in Chad, but also in Libya, Niger and Sudan. The Tebu number roughly 200,000; they live in nuclear families and are predominantly farmers. The most prominent religion of the Tebu is Islam, and they speak the Tebu language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Tebu people" shortopedia - forget the rest.
The Toubou are an ethnic group in northern Chad and Niger. ...more on Wikipedia about "Toubou"
The Tuareg (sometimes spelled Touareg in French, or Twareg in English) are a Berber ethnic group or nation. Tuareg is a name that became applied to them by early explorers and historians, but they call themselves variously, Kel Tamasheq, Kel Tamajaq ("speakers of Tamasheq"), Imouhar, Imuhagh, Imazaghan, or Imashaghen ("the free"). The Tuareg people also identify themselves with the concept Tamust, 'The Nation'. The meaning of the word Tuareg has been long discussed. It may have come from a Libyan region known today as Fezzan, but once called Targa. The Arabic word "Targui", for Tuareg, may have derived from the Targa valley, the main city Ubari west of Sebha. The Tuareg today are found mostly in West Africa, but, like many in Northern Africa, were once nomads throughout the Sahara. ...more on Wikipedia about "Tuareg"
The Wodaabe (or Bororo) are a subgroup of the Fulani (sometimes Fula, Fulbe, or Peul) ethnic group. The Wodaabe are traditionally nomadic cattle-herders and traders, with migrations stretching from southern Niger, through northern Nigeria, northeastern Cameroon, and the western region of the Central African Republic. ...more on Wikipedia about "Wodaabe"
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