An Afro-Latin American is a person from Latin America who has black ancestry. Concepts of "Black", negro or "African" are vastly different in Latin America than how they are applied within the English-speaking nations of America, since the one-drop theory was never used. Latinos believe the term "Afro-Latino" is not necessary as the term "Latino" itself ecompasses and includes a melée of various ethnic heritages that includes Indigenous, African and European bloodlines. Many in Latin America feel that certain allegedly politically-correct citizens of the United States lack a thorough understanding of what it actually means to be a Latino in America. They feel that many U.S. persons are trying to impose their views on how to define Latino culture by viewing and comparing everyone's history through their own cultural and racial experiences in the United States and not through the cultural and ethnic lens of Latino America itself. ...more on Wikipedia about "Afro-Latin American"
The term Arawak (from aru, the Lokono word for cassava flour), was used to designate the friendly Amerindians encountered by the Spanish in the Caribbean. These include the Taíno, who occupied the Greater Antilles and the Bahamas ( Lucayan), the Nepoya and Suppoyo of Trinidad and the Igneri who were supposed to have preceded the Caribs in the Lesser Antilles, together with related groups (including the Lokono) which lived along the eastern coast of South America as far south as what is now Brazil. The group belongs to the Arawakan language family and they were the natives Christopher Columbus found when he first landed in the Americas. The Spanish described them as a peaceful, gentle people, although this description was biased by the fact that any "hostile" groups were automatically classified as Caribs. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arawak"
Carib or Island Carib is the name of a people of the Lesser Antilles islands, after whom the Caribbean Sea was named; their name for themselves was Kalinago for men and Kallipuna for women. They are an Amerindian people whose origins lie in the southern West Indies and the northern coast of South America. ...more on Wikipedia about "Carib"
Ciboney (also Siboney) is a word derived from the Caribbean Indian language of the Arawak. Cibo means precious stone, and ney people; they are people of the precious stone, or pearl. The Ciboney people were indigenous occupants of the Antilles islands of the Caribbean. When Europeans arrived in the Americas there were many Ciboney people in Cuba. Currently, there are approximately 253 families of Ciboney ancestry in Florida. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ciboney"
The Garifuna or Garífuna are an ethnic group in the Caribbean area, descended from a mix of Amerindian and African people. They are also sometimes known as Garifune or Black Caribs. There are estimated to be about 200,000 of them in Central America and the United States. Properly, the term "Garifuna" refers to the individual and the language, while Garinagu is the (plural or collective) term for the people. ...more on Wikipedia about "Garifuna"
An Indo-Caribbean is a person of South Asian origin who lives in the Caribbean, or the descendant of such a person. ...more on Wikipedia about "Indo-Caribbean"
The Lucayan were those Arawak which inhabited the Bahamas at the time of Christopher Columbus' landing. They were the first Amerindians encountered by the Spanish ( Oct. 12, 1492). They were a peaceful people. Before Columbus' arrival, there were probably over 40,000 Lucayans, but due to slavery, diseases and other hardships brought about by Columbus and his men, by 1517, they were virtually non-existant. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lucayan"
The Taíno are pre- Colombian indigenous Amerindian inhabitants of the Greater Antilles islands, which include Cuba, Hispaniola ( Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, Jamaica and the Bahamas. The seafaring Taíno are relatives of the Arawakan peoples of South America. Taíno of the Bahamas were known as Lucayan. Their language is a member of the Arawakan linguistic family, also found in South America. ...more on Wikipedia about "Taíno"
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