1,3,5-Triazido-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene, also known as TATNB and TNTAZB, is an aromatic high explosive composed of a benzene ring with three azido groups ( ) and three nitro groups ( ) alternating around the ring. It has chemical formula . . Its velocity of detonation is 7,350 meters per second, comparable to TATB. ...more on Wikipedia about "1,3,5-Triazido-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene"
Acetone peroxide (triacetone triperoxide, peroxyacetone, TATP, TCAP) is an organic peroxide and a primary high explosive. It takes the form of a white crystalline powder with a distinctive acrid smell. ...more on Wikipedia about "Acetone peroxide"
Ammonium chlorate, NH4ClO3, is obtained by neutralizing chloric acid with either ammonia or ammonium carbonate, or by precipitating barium, strontium or calcium chlorates with ammonium carbonate. It crystallizes in small needles, which are readily soluble in water, and on heating, decompose at about 102 °C, with liberation of nitrogen, chlorine and oxygen. It is soluble in dilute aqueous alcohol, but insoluble in strong alcohol. This compound is a very strong oxidizer and should never be stored with flammable materials. This salt can form when ammonium compounds, such as ammonium nitrate, and chlorates, such as potassium chlorate. Ammonium chlorate is a very unstable oxidizer and can be extremely dangerous, for this reason chlorates must never be stored with ammonia or its compounds. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ammonium chlorate"
The chemical compound ammonium nitrate, the nitrate of ammonia with chemical formula N H4 N O3, is commonly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ammonium nitrate"
Astrolite is the trade name of a family of explosives, invented by chemist Gerald Hurst in the 1960s during his employment with the Atlas Powder Company. The Astrolite family consists of two compounds, Astrolite G and Astrolite A. Both are two-part liquid-state high explosive mixtures, composed of ammonium nitrate oxidizer and hydrazine rocket fuel. They still find some use in commercial and civil blasting applications, but have mostly been superseded by cheaper and safer compounds, largely due to the expense and exceptionally poisonous nature of the hydrazine component. ...more on Wikipedia about "Astrolite"
CL-20, or hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane, is an explosive developed by the China Lake facility, primarily to be used in propellants. It has a better oxidizer-to- fuel ratio than conventional HMX or RDX. It produces 20% more energy than traditional HMX based propellants, and is widely superior to conventional high-energy propellants and explosives. ...more on Wikipedia about "CL-20"
Composition B is an explosive consisting of castable mixtures of RDX and TNT as well as, in some instances, additional desensitizing agents. It is used as a burster in artillery projectiles, rockets, land mines and hand grenades. ...more on Wikipedia about "Composition B"
Dinitrotoluene or Dinitro C6H3(CH3)(NO2)2. At room temperature it is a pale yellow to orange crystalline solid. It is a high explosive. It is one of the precursors for TNT, which is synthesized through three separate nitrations of toluene. The first product is mononitrotoluene, DNT is the second, and TNT is the third and final product. DNT's chemical formula is C7 H6 N2 O4. It has many other uses besides the explosives industry including dyes and plastics. It is not used by itself as an explosive very often, but is mixed with other compounds. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dinitrotoluene"
Ethylene glycol dinitrate (EGDN) is a chemical compound an yellowish, oily explosive liquid obtained by nitrating ethylene glycol. Its formula is 2 -O- 2-CH2-O-NO2. It is similar to nitroglycerin in both manufacture and properties, though it is more volatile and less viscous. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ethylene glycol dinitrate"
FOX-7 or 1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene is a new insensitive high power explosive compound. ...more on Wikipedia about "FOX-7"
Fulminates are chemical compounds which includes the fulminate anion. The fulminate anion is a pseudohalic anion, acting like a halogen with its charge and reactivity. Due to the instability of the anion, they are friction-sensitive explosives. The most well known is mercury fulminate which has been used as a primary explosive in detonators. Fulminates can be formed from metals, like silver and mercury, dissolved in nitric acid and reacted with alcohol The chemical formula for the fulminate anion is O- N+ C-. It is largely the presence of the weak single Nitrogen-Oxygen bond which leads to its instability. Nitrogen very easily forms a stable triple bond to another Nitrogen atom, forming gaseous Nitrogen. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fulminate"
Fulminic acid was discovered in 1824 by Justus von Liebig. The molecular formula is H2C2N2O2, with the empirical formula being HCNO. This organic acid is an isomer of cyanic acid, discovered one year later by Friedrich Woehler. Fulminic acid and its salts, for instance mercury fulminate, are very dangerous, and are often used as detonators for other explosive materials, and are examples of primary explosives. The vapors are also toxic. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fulminic acid"
HMTD or Hexamethylene Triperoxide Diamine is an explosive often used in improvised explosive devices. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hexamethylene triperoxide diamine"
Hexanitrobenzene, also known as HNB, is a high- density explosive compound with chemical formula C6 N6 O12, obtained by oxidizing the amine group of pentanitroaniline with hydrogen peroxide in sulfuric acid. Its molecular mass is 348.0996 g/ mol, its density 1.985 g/cm³, and its heat of formation is 17.48 kJ/mol. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hexanitrobenzene"
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HNS, an acronym for 2,2',4,4',6,6'-hexanitrostilbene, also called JD-X, is a heat resistant high explosive developed at the Naval Ordinance Laboratory in the 1960s. Other names include 1,1'-(1,2-ethenediyl)bis[2,4,6-trinitrobenzene]; 1,2-bis-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)-ethylene; hexanitrodiphenylethylene. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hexanitrostilbene"
HMX, also called octogen or cyclotetramethylene-tetranitramine, is a powerful, and relatively insensitive, nitroamine high explosive, chemically related to RDX. ...more on Wikipedia about "HMX"
Lead azide ( Pb( N3)2) is an explosive and toxic crystalline compound. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lead azide"
Lead styphnate (lead 2,4,6- trinitroresorcinate, C6HN3O8Pb ), whose name is derived from styphnic acid, is a toxic explosive used as a component in primer and detonator mixtures for less sensitive explosives, such as nitroglycerine. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lead styphnate"
Mercury fulminate (Hg(ONC)2) is a primary explosive. It is highly sensitive to friction and shock. It is mainly used in blasting caps. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mercury fulminate"
Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide (MEKP) is an organic peroxide, a high explosive similar to acetone peroxide, and is quite dangerous to synthesize. Unlike acetone peroxide, however, MEKP is a colorless, oily liquid at room temperature and pressure, while acetone peroxide is a white solid. It is slightly less sensitive to shock and temperature, and more stable in storage. ...more on Wikipedia about "Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide"
Nitrocellulose (Cellulose nitrate, guncotton) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose (e.g. through exposure to nitric acid or powerful nitrating agent). This compound, when used as a propellant or low order explosive, was known as guncotton. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nitrocellulose" Made by http://www.shortopedia.com.
Nitrogen triiodide, also called ammonium triiodide or nitrogen iodide, is a highly explosive compound of nitrogen and iodine, NI3. It is a contact explosive, and small quantities explode with a gunpowder-like snap when touched by even a feather, releasing a volatile cloud of iodine vapor. The decomposition of nitrogen triiodide occurs via the following reaction: ...more on Wikipedia about "Nitrogen triiodide"
Nitroglycerin, also known as nitroglycerine, trinitroglycerin, and glyceryl trinitrate, is a chemical compound. It is a heavy, colorless, poisonous, oily, explosive liquid obtained by nitrating glycerol. It is used in the manufacture of explosives, specifically dynamite, and as such is employed in the construction and demolition industries. It is also used medically as a vasodilator to treat heart conditions. It is colored yellow when it is decomposing due to acidic pH. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nitroglycerin"
Octanitrocubane is a shock-insensitive high explosive. Unlike Trinitrotoluene (TNT) it is not detonated by shock. The octanitrocubane molecule has the same chemical structure as the cubane molecule, C8H8, except all eight hydrogen (H) atoms are each replaced by a nitro (NO2) group. Its formula is C8 N8 O16. Its density is about 2 g/cm3. Its gram-molecular weight is 464.132(1) g/mol. Its SMILES structure is . ...more on Wikipedia about "Octanitrocubane"
PETN (Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate, also known as Penthrite) is one of the strongest known high explosives, with a relative effectiveness factor (R.E. factor) of 1.66. It is more sensitive to shock or friction than TNT or tetryl, and it is never used alone as a booster. It is primarily used in booster and bursting charges of small caliber ammunition, in upper charges of detonators in some land mines and shells, and as the explosive core of detonation cord. ...more on Wikipedia about "PETN"
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