Accumulatio is a figure of speech, which the points made previously are presented again in a compact, forceful manner. It often employs the use of climax in the summation of a speech. ...more on Wikipedia about "Accumulatio"
Adynaton (from Greek: a-: without and dynasthai: to be possible) is a figure of speech in the form of hyperbole taken to such extreme lengths as to suggest a complete impossibility. Adynaton was a widespread literary and rhetorical device during the Classical Period and was known in Latin as impossibilia. A frequent usage was to refer to one highly unlikely event occurring sooner than another: ...more on Wikipedia about "Adynaton"
(Agnomination) A paronomasia, or allusion of one word to another, or alliteration. ...more on Wikipedia about "Agnomination"
Alliteration is a stylistic device, or literary technique, in which successive words (more strictly, stressed syllables) begin with the same consonant sound or letter. Alliteration is a frequent tool in poetry but it is also common in prose, particularly to highlight short phrases. Especially in poetry, it contributes to euphony of the passage, lending it a musical air. It may act to humorous effect. Related to alliteration are assonance, the repetition of vowel sounds, and consonance, the repetition of consonant sounds. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alliteration"
Anastrophe is a figure of speech involving an inversion of the natural order of words; for example, saying "echoed the hills" to mean "the hills echoed". In English, with its settled word order, departure from the expected word order emphasizes the displaced word or phrase: "beautiful" is emphasized in the City Beautiful urbanist movement; "primeval" comes to the fore in Longfellow's line "This is the forest primeval". Where the emphasis that comes from anastrophe is not an issue, "inversion" is a perfectly suitable synonym. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anastrophe"
Antanaclasis is a stylistic trope, in which a single word is repeated, but with a different meaning each time. It is a common device in puns and in advertising slogans. Some examples: ...more on Wikipedia about "Antanaclasis"
An antanagoge ( Greek άντναγωγή, a leading or bringing up), is a figure in rhetoric, in which, not being able to answer the accusation of an adversary, a person return the charge, by charging his adversary with the same crimes. ...more on Wikipedia about "Antanagoge"
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An antiphrasis (from Greek and Latin: anti, opposite, and phrasis, diction) is a figure of speech that is a word used in an abnormal sense especially ironic. ...more on Wikipedia about "Antiphrasis"
Antithesis ( Greek for "setting opposite", from anti = against and thesis = position) means a direct contrast or exact opposition to something. Hell is the antithesis of Heaven, chaos the antithesis of order. ...more on Wikipedia about "Antithesis"
Aphorismus is a figure of speech that calls into question the meaning of a word ("How can you call yourself a man?"). It often appears in the form of a rhetorical question and is meant to imply a distinction between the present subject and the general notion or ideal of the subject. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aphorismus"
Apophasis ( Late Latin, from Greek apophanai, "to say no" ** ) refers, in general, to "mentioning by not mentioning". Apophasis has specific meanings when used a figure of speech or as a logical device. ...more on Wikipedia about "Apophasis"
Aporia (Greek: : impasse; lack of resources; puzzlement) denotes, in philosophy, a philosophical puzzle or state of puzzlement, and, in rhetoric, a rhetorically useful expression of doubt. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aporia"
Apostrophe ( Greek αποστροφη, turning away; the final e being sounded) is an exclamatory rhetorical figure of speech, when a speaker or writer breaks off and directs speech in an abstract direction, to a person not present, or to a thing. In dramatic works and poetry, it is often introduced by the word "O" (not the exclamation "oh"). ...more on Wikipedia about "Apostrophe (figure of speech)"
Auxesis is a form of hyperbole, in which something is referred to by a term disproportionate to its importance for the very purpose of amplifying that thing's importance or gravity. ...more on Wikipedia about "Auxesis"
A brachyology is a figure of speech that is an abbreviated expression. ...more on Wikipedia about "Brachyology"
The phrase "cold enough to freeze the balls off a brass monkey" is sometimes used by English speakers. What a brass monkey is in this phrase is the subject of much discussion. (The phrase is found in most English-speaking countries, and is sometimes abbreviated to "brass monkey weather".) ...more on Wikipedia about "Brass monkey"
A bromide is a phrase, or person who uses phrases, which have been used and repeated so many times as to become either insincere in their meaning, or seem like an attempt at trying to explain the obvious. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bromide (language)"
Catachresis is the (usually intentional) use of any figure of speech that flagrantly violates the norms of a language community. Compare malapropism. ...more on Wikipedia about "Catachresis"
Chiasmus is a figure of speech based on inverted parallelism. It is a rhetorical figure in which two clauses are related to each another through a reversal of terms in order to make a larger point. In Latin in particular, it was used to articulate balance or order within the text in which it was included. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chiasmus"
In rhetoric, climax is a figure of speech, in which words, phrases, or clauses are arranged in order of increasing importance. It is sometimes used with anadiplosis, which uses the repetition of a word or phrase in successive clauses. ...more on Wikipedia about "Climax (figure of speech)"
A code word is a word or a phase designed to evoke a pre-determined meaning to certain listeners, while disguising the speaker's true meaning by allowing them to use a word that sounds much more acceptable to an average listener. Code word is implied to be more insidious than a standard rhetorical device by the user's knowing attempt to deceive large groups of people. ...more on Wikipedia about "Code word (figure of speech)" www.shortopedia.com Dreamteam. shortopedia
A colloquialism is an expression not used in formal speech or writing. Colloquialisms can include words (such as "gonna" or "grouty"), phrases (such as "ain't nothin'" and "dead as a doornail"), or sometimes even an entire aphorism ("There's more than one way to skin a cat"). Dictionaries often display colloquial words and phrases with the abbreviation colloq. Colloquialisms are often used primarily within a limited geographical area. ...more on Wikipedia about "Colloquialism"
A double entendre is a figure of speech similar to the pun, in which a spoken phrase can be understood in either of two ways. The first, literal meaning is an innocent one, while the second meaning is often ironic or risqué and requires the hearer to have some additional knowledge. Although an expression made of French words, it is not correct modern French ("entendre doublement" or "double entente" would be); the French say double sens ("double meaning") for such phrases. ...more on Wikipedia about "Double entendre"
In language, both dysphemism (from the Greek 'dys' δυς= non and 'pheme' φήμη = speech) and cacophemism (in Greek 'cacos' κακός = bad) are rough opposites of euphemism, meaning the usage of an intentionally harsh word or expression instead of a polite one. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dysphemism"
The epanalepsis is a figure of speech which consists in the repetition of the beginning word of a clause or sentence in the end. The beginning and the end are the two positions of stronger emphasis in a sentence so, by having the same word in both places, you call special attention to it. ...more on Wikipedia about "Epanalepsis"
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