The fire triangle is a simple model, from the science of firefighting, for understanding the ingredients necessary for most fires. It has largely been replaced in the industry by the fire tetrahedron, which provides a more complete model, also described below. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fire triangle"
A fire-retardant material is one that is designed to resist burning and withstand heat. It is used in uniforms of firefighters to protect them from the flames in a burning building. Most auto racing drivers also wear fire-retardant materials in case their car catches fire. Fire-retardant materials are designed to burn slowly, in contrast to fire-resistant materials, which are designed not to burn at all. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fire-retardant material"
A firebreak is a gap in vegetation or other combustible material that is expected to slow or stop the progress of a wildfire. A firebreak may be a road – from a jeep trail to a freeway – or a path of removed vegetation along a ridge that is intended for no other purpose. Forested areas are often riddled with networks of firebreaks. For firebreaks to be effective they have to be backed up with other firefighting efforts. Even then it is sometimes not enough. During the worst of the fire season in southern California, Santa Ana winds will blow carpets of burning embers across eight-lane freeways without a pause. During the 1988 fires in Yellowstone National Park, smoking embers managed to cross the Lewis Canyon, a natural canyon up to a mile wide and 600 feet (180 m) deep. The worlds's most expensive firebreak was created when the whole street of Van Ness was dynamited to stop the spread of fire resulting from the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. ...more on Wikipedia about "Firebreak"
A firefighter or "smoke-eater" is a person who is trained and equipped to put out fires, rescue people, and in some areas provide emergency medical services. The fire service, also known in some countries as the fire brigade or fire department, is one of the emergency services. Firefighters are sometimes referred to as firemen, although women have increasingly joined firefighting units. ...more on Wikipedia about "Firefighter"
A Firefighter Assist and Search Team (FAST), also known as a Rapid Intervention Team (RIT), is a special team that comprises two or more firefighters dedicated solely to search and rescue of other firefighters in distress. FAST shall have no other purpose during an incident. Multiple alarm fires require multiple FAST teams. ...more on Wikipedia about "Firefighter Assist and Search Team"
In construction, a firewall consists of a windowless, fireproof wall (or a wall of substantially heavier construction than other walls in a building) built to prevent fire from spreading beyond one section of a building. Such firewalls form the built-up equivalent of firebreaks in a landscape. A firewall may contain fire doors and windows made of fire-rated wired glass. Their function in containing the undesirable resembles the use of bulkheads in shipbuilding and aircraft construction. ...more on Wikipedia about "Firewall (construction)"
A flash fire is an unexpected, sudden intense fire caused by ignition of flammable solids, liquids or their vapors, gases, or dust. It is characterized by high-temperature, short-duration, considerable shock waves, and a rapidly moving flame front, which can be a combustion explosion, spreading with unusual speed, like the flame racing across the surface of a flammable liquid, or through a cloud of dust or gas. ...more on Wikipedia about "Flash fire"
Forcible entry is the act of entering a house or building with destructive methods. It is typically illegal. Police, firefighters, and EMTs may need to forcibly enter a building in an emergency. If they must do so, means of entry range from the simple breaking of a glass window to the use of specialized tools to defeat security locks or to cut an access hole. ...more on Wikipedia about "Forcible entry"
A fuel ladder is a firefighting term for live or dead vegetation that allows a fire to climb up from the forest floor into the tree canopy. Common fuel ladders include tall grasses, shrubs, and tree branches, both living and dead. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fuel ladder"
Gaseous fire suppression is a term to describe the use of inert and chemical agents or gasses to suppress a fire. These agents include; ...more on Wikipedia about "Gaseous fire suppression"
Note: This list is incomplete. You can help Wikipedia by adding to it . ...more on Wikipedia about "Glossary of firefighting equipment"
Note: This list is incomplete. You can help Wikipedia by adding to it . Please make sure the entry is not already on the other list as well. ...more on Wikipedia about "Glossary of firefighting terms"
*Aerial canopy: Fuel type comprised of trees having few low branches, making it less susceptible to ignition by low-intensity fires. ...more on Wikipedia about "Glossary of wildland fire terms"
The haloalkanes (also known as Halogenoalkanes) are a group of chemical compounds, consisting of alkanes, such as methane or ethane, with one or more halogens linked, such as chlorine or fluorine, making them a type of organic halide. They are known under many chemical and trivial names. As fire extinguishers, propellants, and solvents, they have or had wide use. Some haloalkanes have negative effects on the environment, such as ozone depletion. ...more on Wikipedia about "Haloalkane"
An IDLH, a situation Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health, defined by the NIOSH as follows: "that poses a threat of exposure to airborne contaminants when that exposure is likely to cause death or immediate or delayed permanent adverse health effects or prevent escape from such an environment." Examples include smoke or poisonous gases. ...more on Wikipedia about "IDLH"
The indice forêt météo (IFM) is an estimation of the risk of wildfire computed by Météo France, the French national meteorology institute; it means Forest weather index. It was created in 1992 and is based on a Canadian empirical model developed in 1976. ...more on Wikipedia about "Indice forêt météo"
The International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF) is a labor union representing fire fighters employed full-time in fire suppression and related activities in the United States and Canada. The IAFF is affiliated with the AFL-CIO in the United States of America, and the CLC in Canada. ...more on Wikipedia about "International Association of Fire Fighters"
This is a list of historic fires. Before the 20th century, fires were a major hazard to urban areas and the cause of massive amounts of damage to cities. It does not include historic wildfires or forest fires. See forest fire for a list of some of the most severe recorded forest fires. ...more on Wikipedia about "List of historic fires"
The London Fire Brigade Museum covers the history of firefighting since 1666 (the date of the Great Fire of London). The museum houses old fire appliances and other equipment. It is also possible to see fire brigade recruits training. ...more on Wikipedia about "London Fire Brigade Museum"
A master stream is a fire service term for a stream of 350 gallons per minute (gmp) or greater. ...more on Wikipedia about "Master stream"
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) is a U.S. organization (albeit with some international members) charged with creating and maintaining minimum standards and requirements for fire prevention and suppression activities, training, and equipment, as well as other life-safety codes and standards. This includes everything from building codes to the personal protective equipment utilized by firefighters while extinguishing a blaze. ...more on Wikipedia about "National Fire Protection Association"
From the NFIRS website ...more on Wikipedia about "NFIRS"
NOMEX® is the brand name of a flame retardant meta- aramid material marketed and first discovered by DuPont in the 1970s. It is sold in both fiber and sheet forms and is used as a fabric wherever resistance from heat and flame is required. Both the firefighting and vehicle racing industries use Nomex to create clothing and equipment that can stand up to intense heat. It is the meta variant of the para-aramid Kevlar. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nomex"
The positive pressure ventilation is a method that consists in creating an air flow ("wind") by rising the pressure in a part of a device or building. ...more on Wikipedia about "Positive pressure ventilation"
The Rosenbauer Group is one of the world’s three largest manufacturers of fire-service vehicles, based in Leonding, Austria. ...more on Wikipedia about "Rosenbauer" Go crack a www.shortopedia.com!
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