Avocado (Persea americana) is a tree and the fruit of that tree, classified in the flowering plant family, Lauraceae. It is native to Central America and Mexico. The tree grows to 20 m (65 ft), with alternately arranged, evergreen leaves, 12-25 cm long. The flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-yellow, 5-10 mm wide. The pear-shaped fruit is botanically a berry, from 7 to 20 cm long, and weighs between 100-1000 g. It has a large central seed, 3-5 cm in diameter. An average avocado tree produces about 120 avocados annually. The fruit is sometimes called an avocado pear or alligator pear, from its shape and green skin. The avocado tree does not tolerate freezing temperatures, and so can be grown only in subtropical and tropical climates. ...more on Wikipedia about "Avocado"
Cacao (Theobroma cacao) is a small (4-8 m tall) evergreen tree in the family Sterculiaceae (alternatively Malvaceae), native to tropical South America, but now cultivated throughout the tropics. Its seeds are used to make cocoa and chocolate. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cacao"
Capsicum is a genus of plants from the nightshade family ( Solanaceae). Some of the members of Capsicum are used as spices, vegetables, and medicines. The fruit of Capsicum plants is commonly known as chile pepper or just pepper. ...more on Wikipedia about "Capsicum"
Chicle is the gum from Manilkara chicle, a species of sapodilla tree. It is a tropical evergreen tree, native to southern North America and South America. It is the traditional material used in chewing gum. Today there are only a few companies that still make chewing gum from natural chicle (e.g. Glee Gum ). ...more on Wikipedia about "Chicle"
The chile pepper, chili pepper, or chilli pepper, or simply chile, is the fruit of the plant Capsicum from the nightshade family, Solanaceae. The name comes from Nahuatl via the Spanish word chile. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chile pepper"
Chiltepin is a wild chile pepper that grows in Mexico and the southwestern United States. It is sometimes called the "mother of all peppers," because it is thought to be the oldest species in the Capsicum genus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chiltepin pepper"
The common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris, indigenous to the Americas, is an herbaceous annual plant domesticated independently in ancient Mesoamerica and the Andes, and now grown worldwide for its edible bean, popular both dry and as a green bean. The leaf is occasionally used as a leaf vegetable, and the straw is used for fodder. The common bean is a dicot. ...more on Wikipedia about "Common bean"
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The habanero chile ( Capsicum chinense Jacquin) (Spanish, from Havana) is the most intensely spicy chile pepper of the Capsicum genus. Unripe habaneros are green, but the color at maturity varies. Common colors are orange and red, but white, brown, and pink are also seen. Typically a ripe habanero is 2–6 cm (1–2½ in) long. ...more on Wikipedia about "Habanero chile"
Hominy or nixtamal is dried maize (corn) kernels which have been treated with an alkali of some kind. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hominy"
The jalapeño is a small to medium-sized chile pepper that is prized for the hot, burning sensation that it produces in the mouth when eaten. It is a cultivar of the species Capsicum annuum. The name jalapeño is pronounced or in English, and in the original Spanish. It is named after the city of Xalapa, Veracruz where it was traditionaly produced. 6,000 hectares are dedicated for the cultivation of jalapeno in Mexico alone; primarily in the Paloapán river basin in the north of the state of Veracruz and in the Delicias, Chihuahua area. Jalapeno is also cultivated in smaller scale in Jalisco, Nayarit, Sonora, Sinaloa and Chiapas. ...more on Wikipedia about "Jalapeño"
The jícama is a species of Pachyrhizus, a legume native to tropical and subtropical Central America. It is cultivated for its edible taproot. ...more on Wikipedia about "Jícama"
Maize (Zea mays ssp. mays) is a cereal grain that was domesticated in Mesoamerica. It is called corn in the United States, Canada, and Australia but in other countries that term may refer to other cereal grains. Hybrid maize, where available, is favored by farmers over conventional varieties for its high grain yield, due to heterosis or 'hybrid vigor'. ...more on Wikipedia about "Maize"
The Nopal (plural "Nopales") is a vegetable made from the young stem segments of prickly pear, carefully peeled to remove the spines. They are particularly common in their native Mexico. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nopal"
The pitaya, also known as pitahaya, dragonfruit or strawberry pear is the fruit of several cactus species, especially of the genus Hylocereus. Native to Mexico and Central and South America, these vine-like cacti are also cultivated in Southeast Asian countries such as Malaysia, South Vietnam, and the southeast coast of China. They are also found in Taiwan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Pitaya" www.shortopedia.com never sleeps.
Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota) is a long-lived, evergreen tree native to the New World tropics. It is also known as Chickoo (also spelled "Chiku") in South Asia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sapodilla"
The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a crop plant whose large, starchy, sweet-tasting tuberous roots are an important root vegetable. The young leaves and shoots are sometimes eaten as greens. The sweet potato is only distantly related to the potato (Solanum tuberosum). Although the sweet potato is sometimes known as yam in the United States, it is unrelated to the botanical yam. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sweet potato"
The tomato ...more on Wikipedia about "Tomato"
Vanilla Plumier ex. Mill. 1754, is a genus of about 110 species in the orchid family ( Orchidaceae), including the species Vanilla planifolia from which commercial vanilla flavoring is derived. The name came from the Spanish word "vainilla", diminutive form of "vaina" (meaning " sheath"), which is in turn derived from Latin " vagina". ...more on Wikipedia about "Vanilla (orchid)"
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