In Latin grammar, the ablative absolute (Ablativus absolutus) is a noun phrase cast in the ablative case. It indicates the time, condition, or attending circumstances of an action being described in the main sentence. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ablative absolute"
In grammar, accusative and infinitive is the traditional name for a syntactic construction of Latin and Greek, also found in various forms in other languages such as English and Spanish. In this construction, the subject of a subordinate clause is put in the accusative case and the verb appears in the infinitive form. Information given in this form is considered to be in indirect speech, also called indirect discourse. In classical Latin, the accusitive and infinitive is the only grammatical construction by means of which one can write in indirect discourse. ...more on Wikipedia about "Accusative and infinitive"
An adjectival phrase is a phrase with an adjective as its head (e.g. full of toys). Adjectival phrases may occur as premodifiers to a noun (a bin full of toys), or as predicatives to a verb (the bin is full of toys). ...more on Wikipedia about "Adjectival phrase"
:The following is about the linguistics term; adjunct is also a term used in the brewing of beer or a type of professor. ...more on Wikipedia about "Adjunct"
An adposition is a term in grammar used for a wide variety of particles and affixes which are attached to a noun phrase to modify it or to show its relation to another concept or situation in the same clause. Phrases with an adposition as head are called adpositional phrases. There are two types of adpositions which have separate terms depending on how they are positioned relative to the noun phrase: prepositions (before the noun phrase) and postpositions (after the noun phrase). Adpositions are very often used to form adverbials, particularly in Germanic languages, like English. ...more on Wikipedia about "Adposition"
Lorna saw the book on the table. (non- obligatory adverbial – an adjunct) ...more on Wikipedia about "Adverbial"
In languages, agreement is a form of cross-reference between different parts of a sentence or phrase. Agreement happens when one word changes in form depending on which other words it is being related to. These other words are called its arguments. ...more on Wikipedia about "Agreement (linguistics)"
Algebraic syntax is a theory of syntax developed by Michael Brame as an alternative to Transformational-generative grammar. Brame formulated an algebra (technically a nonassociative groupoid with inverses) of lexical items (words and phrases), or lexes for short. A lex is a string representation of a word or phrase together with a string of directed types. A directed type is a symbol representing a syntactic type together with a direction (up, down, left, right) usually given by an arrow beside or above the symbol. In this article left and down arrows will be placed to the left and right and up arrows to the right of symbols. ...more on Wikipedia about "Algebraic syntax"
Animacy is a grammatical category, usually of nouns, which influences the form a verb takes when it is associated with that noun. ...more on Wikipedia about "Animacy"
In grammar, an antecedent is the word to which a relative pronoun refers. In these sentences, the antecedent is in bold: ...more on Wikipedia about "Antecedent (grammar)"
In grammar, an appositive is defined as a noun phrase that generally follows, but occasionally precedes, another noun phrase and renames or describes it. One way to identify an appositive is to ask the question: could this phrase replace the word next to it? Does this phrase make the word next to it all but unnecessary? ...more on Wikipedia about "Appositive"
Asyndeton is a stylistic scheme in which conjunctions are deliberately omitted from a series of related clauses. Examples are veni, vidi, vici and its English translation "I came, I saw, I conquered." Its use can have the effect of speeding up the rhythm of a passage and making a single idea more memorable. More generally, in grammar, an asyndetic coordination is a type of coordination in which no coordinating conjunction is present between the conjoins. ...more on Wikipedia about "Asyndeton"
Attraction is the process by which a relative pronoun takes on -- that is, is "attracted to" -- the case of its antecedent, rather than having the case appropriate to its function in the relative clause. For example, in this English sentence, the relative pronoun has the appropriate case, namely, the accusative: ...more on Wikipedia about "Attraction (grammar)"
An augmentative is a suffix or prefix added to a word in order to convey the sense of greater intensity, often though not primarily through a larger size. It is the opposite of a diminutive. ...more on Wikipedia about "Augmentative"
The block quote is a method of formatting a direct quotation within a writen document in which the quoted material is visually differentiated from the surrounding original material through the use of indentation. Generally speaking, a block quote is used when cited text is four or more lines in length. Compared with an in-line direct quote (that is, a quotation contained within the current paragraph structure), the block quote differs in two significant ways: ...more on Wikipedia about "Block quote"
In linguistics, branching is the general tendency towards a given order of words within sentences and smaller grammatical units within sentences (such as subordinate propositions, prepositional phrases, etc.). Such ordering and nesting of phrases can be represented as a tree where branches can be divided into other minor branches, which may also branch in turn. ...more on Wikipedia about "Branching (linguistics)"
C-command is a relationship in grammatical parse trees which is similar to the idea of "siblings and all their descendents" in family trees. ...more on Wikipedia about "C-command"
Case Grammar is a theory of grammatical analysis, created by the American linguist Charles J. Fillmore in (1968), in the context of Transformational Grammar. This theory proposes to analyze sentences as constituted by the combination of a verb plus a set of deep cases (i.e. semantic roles), such as Agent, Location or Instrument. ...more on Wikipedia about "Case grammar"
The chômeur (from the French word for "unemployed"), in the context of grammar, is an element of a sentence that has been syntactically "demoted" from the nucleus to the periphery of a clause. In a passive sentence, the agent is a chômeur, having been "demoted" from the nuclear function of subject. For instance, by changing the sentence Dogs attack the postman into The postman is attacked by dogs, one transforms "dogs" into a chômeur. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chômeur"
(Clefting) A cleft sentence is a sentence formed by a main clause and a subordinate clause, which together express a meaning that could be shown using a simple sentence, but focusing on a particular constituent. This focusing is often accompanied by a special intonation. ...more on Wikipedia about "Clefting"
Clitic doubling, in linguistics, is a phenomenon by which clitic pronouns appear in verb phrases together with the full noun phrases that they refer to (as opposed to the cases where such pronouns and full noun phrases are in complementary distribution). ...more on Wikipedia about "Clitic doubling" Evergreen http://www.shortopedia.com!!!
A closed word class, in linguistics, is a word class to which no new items can normally be added, and that usually contains a relatively small number of items. Typical closed classes found in many languages are adpositions ( prepositions and postpositions), determiners, conjunctions, and pronouns. ...more on Wikipedia about "Closed-class word"
Cognitive approaches to grammar are theories of grammar that relate grammar to mental processes and structures in human cognition. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cognitive approaches to grammar"
Collective nouns (also known as terms of venery, veneral nouns or nouns of assemblage) in English are subject-specific words used to define a grouping of people, animals, objects or concepts. For example, in the phrase " a parliament of owls", parliament is a collective noun. ...more on Wikipedia about "Collective noun"
In grammar, the comparative is the form of an adjective or adverb which denotes the degree or grade by which a person, thing, or other entity has a property or quality greater or less in extent than that of another. See comparison. ...more on Wikipedia about "Comparative"
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