A comparison is an evaluation of similarities and differences - described by Gregory Bateson in his book Mind and Nature as the two quanta of experience. ...more on Wikipedia about "Comparison"
In grammar, conjoins are elements that are connected by a coordinating conjunction. In other words, conjoins are what undergo coordination. ...more on Wikipedia about "Conjoin"
Coordination or Co-ordination is the regulation of diverse elements into an integrated and harmonious operation. Coordination means integrating or linking together different parts of an organization to accomplish a collective set of tasks. ...more on Wikipedia about "Coordination"
In linguistics, coreference is the phenomenon where two expressions in an utterance both refer to the same thing. ...more on Wikipedia about "Coreference"
In linguistics, a count noun (also countable noun) is a noun which can be modified by a numeral and occur in both singular and plural form, as well as co-occurring with quantificational determiners like every, each, several, most, etc. A mass noun has none of these properties. It can't be modified by a numeral, occur in singular/plural or co-occur with the relevant kind of determiner. Below we see examples of all these properties for the count noun cow and the mass noun cattle. As always in linguistic jargon, a star "*" in front of a sentence is intended to mean that that sentence is odd or ill-formed. ...more on Wikipedia about "Count noun"
(Cumulativity) In linguistic semantics, an expression X is said to have cumulative reference just in case the following holds: If X is true of both of a and b, then it is also true of the combination of a and b. Example: If two separate entities can be said to be "water", then combining them into one entity will yield more "water". If two separate entities can be said to be "a house", their combination cannot be said to be "a house". Hence, "water" has cumulative reference, while the expression "a house" does not. The plural form "houses", however, does have cumulative reference. If two (groups of) entities are both "houses", then their combination will still be "houses". ...more on Wikipedia about "Cumulativity"
(Dative construction) :Bavshvebi tsqals svamen ("children are drinking water") ...more on Wikipedia about "Dative construction" You are visiting shortopedia shortopedia
In linguistics, declension is a feature of inflected languages. In the general sense it is the alteration of a noun to indicate its grammatical role. An example in English is the way "he" changes to "him" when it follows a verb or preposition, and to "his" when it is possessive. In the specific sense, such as declension I of Latin or the a-declension of Greek, it is a type of grammatical gender: A set of nouns which inflect the same way. ...more on Wikipedia about "Declension"
In linguistics, a declension class is a group of nouns with common declension patterns. Most inflected languages have several declension classes. ...more on Wikipedia about "Declension class"
A definite clause grammar (DCG) is a way of expressing grammatical relationships. They are commonly used with the Prolog programming language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Definite clause grammar"
In grammatical theory, Definiteness is a feature of noun phrases, distinguishing between entities which are specific and identifiable in a given context (definite noun phrases) and entities which are not (indefinite noun phrases). ...more on Wikipedia about "Definiteness"
In linguistics, a desiderative form is one that has the meaning of "wanting to X". Desiderative forms are often verbs, derived from a more basic verb through a process of morphological derivation. In Sanskrit, the desiderative is formed through the suffixing of /sa/ and the prefixing of a reduplicative syllable, consisting of the first consonant of the root (sometimes modified) and a vowel, usually /i/ but /u/ if the root has an /u/ in it. Changes to the root vowel sometimes happen, as well. ...more on Wikipedia about "Desiderative"
In linguistics, determinans (from the Latin determinare, to fix the limits of something) is a part of speech that modifies another part of speech. In the noun phrase noun phrase, for example, noun is the determinans and phrase is the determinatum, i.e. that which is to be determined. ...more on Wikipedia about "Determinans"
In linguistics, determinatum (from the Latin determinare, to fix the limits of something) is a part of speech that is modified by another part of speech. In the noun phrase noun phrase, for example, phrase is the determinatum, and noun is the determinans or modifier. The determinatum is often referred to as the head. ...more on Wikipedia about "Determinatum"
A diminutive is a formation of a word used to convey a slight degree of the root meaning, smallness of the object named, intimacy, or endearment. It is the opposite of a augmentative. In some languages diminutives are formed in a regular way by adding affixes to nouns and proper names, in English the alteration of meaning is often but not essentially conveyed through smaller size. English diminutives tend to be shorter and more colloquial than the basic form of the word, diminutives formed by adding affixes in other languages are often longer and not necessarily colloquial. Diminutives are often used for affection (see nickname and hypocoristic). In many languages the meaning of diminution can be translated "tiny" or "wee" and diminutives are used a lot when speaking to small children; adult people sometimes use diminutives when they express extreme tenderness and intimacy by behaving and talking like children (for example in sexual situations). (See Apocopation). ...more on Wikipedia about "Diminutive"
A direct quotation is a clear quotation said by a person and generally involves a whole sentence; it is absolutely verbatim in the order and is specific. ...more on Wikipedia about "Direct quotation"
A double negative occurs when two forms of negation are used in the same sentence. In some languages a double negative resolves to a negative, while in others it resolves to a positive. These are strictly grammatical rules and have nothing to do with mathematics. They are used in some languages and considered erroneous in others. Sometimes, triple and quadruple negation can also be seen, which leads to an alternative term for the same phenomenon called negative concord. In literature, denying a negation is known as the trope of litotes. ...more on Wikipedia about "Double negative"
An upwards entailing expression is one that preserves the relation of semantic strength among expressions. ...more on Wikipedia about "Downward entailing"
In grammar, an ejaculation is an utterance that expresses a feeling outside of the normal language structure. Often but not always it is an exclamation, and most often consists of a single word, either an interjection or a profanity or both. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ejaculation (grammar)"
The Elative is a stage of gradation in the Semitic languages that can be used both for a global maximum (see superlative) and for comparison (see comparative). In Arabic, the elative has a special inflection similar to that of color adjectives, though differing in certain details. To form an elative, the consonants of the adjective's root are placed in the context aCCaC in the masculine singular, CuCCā in the feminine singular, and most commonly CuCaC in the plural. So the adjective kabīr كبير "large, great" is changed to akbar أكبر in the masculine singular elative, and to kubrā كبرى in the feminine singular elative. For the plural, kubar would be expected, but separate masculine plural akābir أكابر and feminine plural kubrayāt كبريات are found as irregular forms. In modern Arabic, the feminine and plural forms of the elative are rarely used, except when the elative word is prefixed with the definite article. ...more on Wikipedia about "Elative (gradation)"
An evidential is a cover term for a grammatical element in some languages that provides information about grammatical evidentiality. Grammatical evidentiality is the grammatical indication of the nature of evidence that a statement is based on. ...more on Wikipedia about "Evidential"
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In linguistics, evidentiality is, broadly, the indication of the nature of evidence for a given statement, that is, whether or not evidence exists for the statement and/or what kind of evidence exists. An evidential is the particular grammatical element that indicates evidentiality. ...more on Wikipedia about "Evidentiality"
de:MerkmalstrukturIn phrase structure grammars, such as generalised phrase structure grammar, head-driven phrase structure grammar and lexical functional grammar, a feature structure is essentially a list of property types with values. For example the property named number might have the value singular. The value of a property may be either atomic, e.g. the symbol singular, or may be a feature structure itself. ...more on Wikipedia about "Feature structure"
The term feminine ending has several meanings, depending on context. ...more on Wikipedia about "Feminine ending"
A final clause in linguistics is a dependent adverbial clause expressing purpose. For this reason it is also referred to as a purposive clause or a clause of purpose. ...more on Wikipedia about "Final clause"
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