Black Tuesday refers to a number of different things: ...more on Wikipedia about "Black Tuesday"
The Bonus Army or Bonus March or Bonus Expeditionary Force was an assemblage of about 20,000 World War I veterans, their families, and other affiliated groups, who demonstrated in Washington, D.C. during the spring and summer of 1932 seeking immediate payment of a "bonus" granted by the Adjusted Service Certificate Law of 1924 for payment in 1945. They were led by Walter W. Waters, a former Army sergeant, and encouraged by an appearance from retired Marine Corps Major General Smedley Butler, one of the most popular military figures of the time. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bonus Army"
The Business Plot, The Plot Against FDR, or The White House Putsch was a conspiracy of moneyed interests which tried to overthrow President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the early years of the Great Depression. The allegations of the plot came to light when Marine Corps General Smedley Butler testified to the existence of the plot before the McCormack-Dickstein Committee in 1933 . In this testimony, Butler claimed that a group of several men had approached him as part of a plot to overthrow Roosevelt in a fascist military coup. In their final report, the Congressional committee supported Butler's allegations on the existence of the plot , but no prosecutions or further investigations followed, and the matter was mostly forgotten. ...more on Wikipedia about "Business Plot"
The Dust Bowl, also known as the "Dirty Thirties", was a series of dust storms in the central United States, caused by a massive drought and decades of inappropriate farming techniques. Beginning in 1930 and lasting until 1941, this ecological disaster caused an exodus from the Oklahoma Panhandle region and also the surrounding Great Plains in which around 300,000 to 400,000 Americans were displaced. ** Topsoil across millions of acres was blown away because the indigenous sod had been broken for wheat farming and the vast herds of buffalo were no longer fertilizing the rest of the native grasses. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dust Bowl"
The Great Depression was a massive global economic recession (or "depression") that ran from 1929 to approximately 1939. Its primary impact hit United States of America, the British Empire and Europe. ...more on Wikipedia about "Great Depression"
A hobo stove is a style of improvised heat-producing and cooking device frequently used by hobos, tramps, bums, the homeless, and backpackers. It is constructed out of a discarded can or tin of any size by removing the top of the can, punching a number of holes near the upper edge, and punching corresponding holes in the opposite base. Fuel is placed in the can an ignited. Convection draws air in through the bottom holes and expels smoke from the top holes. Improved heating is encouraged by placing the bottom holes facing the wind. Food preparation is often performed on the top of the stove on a cooking surface that also acts as a lid, however many variations exist where cooking is preformed on the inverted base of the can. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hobo stove"
Hooverville is a term describing a series of villages that appeared following the Great Depression in the United States from 1929 through the 1930s and 1940s. These villages were often formed in desolate areas or unpleasant neighborhoods and consisted of dozens or hundreds of shacks and tents that were temporary residences of those left unemployed and homeless by the Depression. The government did not officially recognize these Hoovervilles and occasionally removed the occupants for technically trespassing on private lands. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hooverville"
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The Hawley-Smoot or Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act raised US tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels, and, in the opinion of many economists, protracted or even initiated the Great Depression. U.S. President Herbert Hoover signed the act into law on June 17, 1930. ...more on Wikipedia about "Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act"
The 1937 musical The Cradle Will Rock by Marc Blitzstein was originally a part of the Federal Theatre Project. It was directed by Orson Welles, and produced by John Houseman. ...more on Wikipedia about "The Cradle Will Rock"
The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also called the Great Crash or the Crash of '29, is the stock-market crash that occurred in late October, 1929. It started on October 24 ("Black Thursday") and continued through October 29, 1929 ("Black Tuesday"), when share prices on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) collapsed. However, the days leading up to the 29th had also seen enormous stock-market upheaval, with panic selling and vast levels of trading interspersed with brief periods of recovery. ...more on Wikipedia about "Wall Street Crash of 1929"
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