Demonax (born in Cyprus) was a Greek philosopher of the 2nd century BC. He tried to revive the philosophy of the Cynic school. He is the eponym of a moon crater. ...more on Wikipedia about "Demonax"
Diodorus Cronus ( 4th century BC) was a Greek philosopher of the Megarian school. Most notable for logic innovations, little is known of his life. Diogenes Lartius tells a story that, while staying at the court of Ptolemy Soter, Diodorus was asked to solve a dialectical subtlety by Stilpo. Not being able to answer on the spur of the moment, he was given a nickname by Ptolemy meaning the God, equivalent to slowcoach. The story goes that he died of shame at his failure. Strabo, however, says that he took the name from Apollonius, his master. Like the rest of the Megarian school he revelled in verbal quibbles, proving that motion and existence are impossible. The impossible cannot result from the possible; a past event cannot become other than it is; but if an event, at a given moment, had been possible, from this possible would result something impossible; therefore the original event was impossible. This problem was taken up by Chrysippus, who admitted that he could not solve it. Apart from these verbal gymnastics, Diodorus did not differ from the Megarian school. ...more on Wikipedia about "Diodorus Cronus"
Lacydes of Cyrene, Greek philosopher, was head of the Academy at Athens in succession to Arcesilaus about 241 B.C. Though some regard him as the founder of the New Academy, the testimony of antiquity is that he adhered in general to the theory of Arcesilaus, and, therefore, that he belonged to the Middle Academy. He lectured in a garden called the Lacydeum, which was presented to him by Attalus I of Pergamum, and for twenty-six years maintained the traditions of the Academy. He is said to have written treatises, but nothing survives. Before his death he voluntarily resigned his position to his pupils, Euander and Telecles. Apart from a number of anecdotes distinguished rather for sarcastic humour than for probability, Lacydes exists for us as a man of refined character, a hard worker and an accomplished orator. According to Athenaeus (x. 438) and Diogenes Lartius (iv. 60) he died from excessive drinking, but the story is discredited by the eulogy of Eusebius (Praep. Ev. xiv. 7), that he was in all things moderate. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lacydes of Cyrene"
Nikos Kazantzakis ( Greek Νίκος Καζαντζάκης February 18, 1883, Heraklion, Crete - October 26, 1957, Freiburg, Germany) was a Greek novelist, poet, playwright and thinker. Arguably the most important Greek writer and philosopher of the 20th century, he acquired wide fame after Michael Cacoyannis made his novel Zorba the Greek (Βίος και Πολιτεία του Αλέξη Ζορμπά) into a film in 1964. He is the most translated contemporary Greek author. ...more on Wikipedia about "Nikos Kazantzakis"
Polemon was a second Century BC Greek ( Athenian) philosopher. The plant polemonium is named after him. ...more on Wikipedia about "Polemon of Athens"
Seleucus (or Seleukos) of Seleucia (born circa 190 BC - ?) was a Greek philosopher. ...more on Wikipedia about "Seleucus of Seleucia"
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