The 1985 World Health Organization AIDS surveillance case definition was developed in October 1985, at a conference of public health officials including representatives of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) in Bangui, Central African Republic. For this reason, it became to be known as the Bangui definition for AIDS. It was developed to provide surveilling case definition of AIDS for use in countries where testing for HIV antibodies was not available. ...more on Wikipedia about "1985 World Health Organization AIDS surveillance case definition"
The 1994 expanded World Health Organization AIDS case definition came around through the developments in the understanding of the spectrum of severe HIV-related illness both in developed and developing countries, and the increased availability of laboratory diagnostic methods, a meeting was convened in Geneva, Switzerland by the World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS to review the 1985 World Health Organization AIDS surveillance case definition (Bangui definition) and to modify and expand them for use in adults and adolescents. Both the 1985 World Health Organization AIDS surveillance case definition and the 1994 expanded World Health Organization AIDS case definition are case definitions for AIDS surveillance and not for clinically staging HIV infection. ...more on Wikipedia about "1994 expanded World Health Organization AIDS case definition"
In 1990, the ACT-UP chapter in San Francisco split into two chapters, the San Francisco chapter and the Golden Gate chapter. The catalyst for this was over decision-making processes, although it also involved many larger issues. According to ACT UP Golden Gate, "ACT UP Golden Gate concentrated on issues involving treatment and treatment access while ACT UP San Francisco focused on broader social issues involving public policy and politics. Over the next several years the two ACT UP chapters worked separately and together on local and national AIDS issues." But in 1994, the two organizations stopped working together, and they grew further apart. ...more on Wikipedia about "ACT-UP/Golden Gate"
The Adult Industry Medical Health Care Foundation is an organization which tests erotic actors for AIDS on a scheduled basis. In the 1980s, an outbreak of AIDS caused a number of deaths of erotic actors. This led to the creation of the Foundation which helped set up a system in the U.S. where erotic actors in the adult film industry are tested for AIDS every 30 days. All sexual contact is logged, and a positive test result triggers the contacting and re-testing of all sexual partners during the previous three to six months. ...more on Wikipedia about "Adult Industry Medical Health Care Foundation"
An advance market commitment is a binding contract, typically offered by a government or other financial entity, used to guarantee a viable market if a vaccine or other medicine is successfully developed. As a result of such a commitment, the market for vaccines or drugs for neglected diseases would be comparable in size and certainty to the market for medicines for rich countries. This would enable biotech and pharmaceutical companies to invest in the development of new vaccines to tackle the world’s most pressing health problems, such as HIV/AIDS, in the normal course of their business decisions. ...more on Wikipedia about "Advance market commitments"
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (or acronym AIDS or Aids), is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). AIDS is a condition that results from the latter stages of advanced HIV infection in humans, thereby leaving compromised indivduals prone to opportunistic infections and tumors. Although treatments for both AIDS and HIV exist to slow the virus' progression in a human patient, there is no known cure. ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS"
One of the best-known works on the history of HIV is And the Band Played On, by Randy Shilts. Shilts contends that Ronald Reagan's administration dragged its feet in dealing with the crisis due to homophobia, thus allowing the disease to spread and hundreds of thousands of people to needlessly die. This resulted in the formation of ACT-UP, the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power by Larry Kramer. ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS advocacy"
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ACT UP, or the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power, "is a diverse, non-partisan group of individuals ... committed to direct action to end the AIDS crisis." - from the ACT UP/New York website. ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power"
* Dr. Alan Cantwell, author of AIDS and the Doctors of Death: An Inquiry into the Origin of the AIDS Epidemic and Queer Blood: The Secret AIDS Genocide Plot, believes that HIV is a genetically modified organism developed by U.S. Government scientists; that it was introduced into the population through Hepatitis B experiments performed on gay and bisexual men between 1978-1981 in Manhattan, Los Angeles, San Francisco, St. Louis, Denver, and Chicago. Cantwell claims these experiments were directed by Dr. Wolf Szmuness; and that there is an ongoing government and media cover-up regarding the origin of the AIDS epidemic. Similar theories have been advanced by Dr. Robert B. Strecker, Matilde Krim and by William Milton Cooper, author of Behold A Pale Horse ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS conspiracy theories"
AIDS defining clinical conditions is the terminology given to a list of diseases published by the United States government run Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC). This list governs the US government classification of HIV disease. This is to allow the government to handle epidemic statistics and define who receives US government assistance. In 1993, the CDC added pulmonary tuberculosis, recurrent pneumonia, and invasive cervical cancer to the list of clinical conditions in the AIDS surveillance case definition published in 1987 and expanded the AIDS surveillance case definition to include all HIV-infected persons with CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts of less than 200 cells/uL or a CD4+ percentage of less than 14. Considerable variation exists in the relative risk of death following different AIDS defining clinical conditions. ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS defining clinical condition"
AIDS Foundation East-West (AFEW) is an international, non-governmental, humanitarian, public health organisation, whose mission is to make a major contribution to the reduction of the impact of HIV/ AIDS in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and Mongolia. AFEW was founded in the Netherlands in 2001 as the successor to most of the AIDS programmes of Médecins Sans Frontières-Holland in the former Soviet Union. AFEW now has offices in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, the Netherlands, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS Foundation East-West"
The AIDS Healthcare Foundation is a non profit, Los Angeles-based AIDS treatment and advocacy center. Their official founding pledge is to "provide cutting-edge medicine and advocacy, regardless of ability to pay." ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS Healthcare Foundation"
The HIV/ AIDS epidemics spreading through the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa are highly varied. Although it is not correct to speak of a single African epidemic, Africa is without doubt the region most affected by the virus. Inhabited by just 10% of the world's population, Africa is estimated to have more than 60% of the AIDS-infected population. ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS in Africa"
Within the medical community, it quickly became apparent that the disease was not specific to men who have sex with men (as blood transfusion patients, heroin users, heterosexual and bisexual women, and newborn babies became added to the list of afflicted), and the CDC renamed the syndrome AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) in 1982. ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS in the United States"
The AIDS Memorial Grove in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, California, is dedicated to individuals who have died as a result of acquired imune deficiency syndrome ( AIDS). It is also in support of those who are living with AIDS and their loved ones and caregivers. ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS Memorial Grove"
A United States HIV/AIDS Memorial Museum, to be located in Newark, New Jersey, is being planned for opening in 2006. The project was first researched and developed by Ashley Grosso, a student at Seton Hall University (located in South Orange, NJ). Other members of the Seton Hall University community and other organizations, such as Gay Men's Health Crisis in New York City, will collaborate to develop the museum. ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS Museum"
Both species of the virus (HIV-1 and HIV-2) are believed to have originated in West-Central Africa and jumped species ( zoonosis) from primates to humans. HIV-1 evolved from a Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIVcpz) found in the chimpanzee subspecies Pan troglodytes troglodytes. ** DNA sequencing indicates that HIV-1 (group M) entered the human population in the early 20th century, probably sometime between 1915 and 1941. ** ** HIV-2 crossed species from a different strain of SIV, this one found in sooty mangabeys (an Old World monkey) of Guinea-Bissau. ** ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS origin"
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) has killed more than 25 million people since it was first recognized in 1981, making it one of the most destructive epidemics in recorded history. Despite recent, improved access to antiretroviral treatment and care in many regions of the world, the AIDS epidemic claimed 3.1 million (between 2.8 and 3.6 million) lives in 2005 of which, more than half a million (570,000) were children. ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS pandemic"
The AIDS reappraisal movement (or AIDS dissident movement) is a loosely-connected group of activists, journalists, citizens, scientists, researchers, and doctors who deny, challenge, or question, in various ways, the prevailing scientific consensus that the human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV) is the sole cause of acquired immune deficiency syndrome ( AIDS). ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS reappraisal"
AIDS-related lymphoma describes lymphomas occurring in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ( AIDS). ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS-related lymphoma"
(AIDS/references) * AEGiS (2002). "BACKGROUNDER: Recognizing and Diagnosing primary HIV infection" . Research Initiative Treatment Action (RITA!); 7(2). ...more on Wikipedia about "AIDS/references" shortopedia - now!
Anthony Whitfield is an African American male who is an HIV postive patient in charged with 12 counts of sexual assult in Oklahoma. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anthony Whitfield"
Antiretroviral drugs are medications for the treatment of infection by retroviruses, primarily HIV. Different classes of antiretroviral drugs act at different stages of the HIV life cycle. Combination of several (typically three or four) antiretroviral drugs is known as Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART). ...more on Wikipedia about "Antiretroviral drug"
Barebacking is a term that originated in gay slang for acts of anal sex performed between two anonymous or casual partners without the use of a condom. In addition to the term's use amongst men who have sex with men, some straight people have used the term to denote any type of penetrative sexual act without the use of a condom. This term is mostly used in first-world or developed countries with a strong gay subculture. ...more on Wikipedia about "Barebacking"
Bugchasing (or Bug chasing) is a term, invented in the 1990s, for the fetish of a small minority of gay men for becoming infected with HIV. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bugchasing"
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