:This article is about the 1986 state proposition. For the 2004 initiative, see California Proposition 64 (2004). ...more on Wikipedia about "California Proposition 64 (1986)"
Camp Sizanani was founded as a joint venture between WorldCamps, a non-profit American camping organization, and HIVSA, a South African foundation that provides care and services to HIV-affected individuals. Located in the town of Magaliesburg in the Gauteng province of South Africa, Sizanani offers multiple camp sessions throughout the year for children aged nine through fifteen whose lives have been affected by HIV. The term HIV-affected can imply that an individual is infected with the virus, but it can also mean that the infection of family members or guardians have impacted the individual's life. While some children at Sizanani carry the HIV virus, many more have been orphaned by a parent's AIDS-related death or have family members coping with the disease. Nearly all of Sizanani's campers come from Soweto, Johannesburg's enormous township, to which black Africans were banished during South Africa's apartheid era. The children attend the camp free of charge; they are sponsored by the WorldCamps corporation and its donors. ...more on Wikipedia about "Camp Sizanani"
This classification system is how the United States agency, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classifies HIV disease and infection. This is to allow the government to handle epidemic statistics and define who receives US government assistance. ...more on Wikipedia about "CDC Classification System for HIV Infection"
or you have one of the following defining illnesses: ...more on Wikipedia about "CDC Classification System for HIV Infection in Adults and Adolescents"
Due to the additional knowledge of the progression of HIV disease among children, a revised classification system for HIV infection in children was developed in 1994 that replaced the pediatric HIV classification system that was published in 1987. A child for the purposes of the CDC is an individual of less than 13 years of age. Standard anti-HIV IgG antibody tests cannot be used to reliably indicate a child's infection status before 18 months of age, so viral antigen tests are used. ...more on Wikipedia about "CDC Classification System for HIV Infection in Children"
A Canadian airline steward named Gaëtan Dugas was referred to as "Patient O" (for "Out of California") in an early AIDS study by Dr William Darrow of the Centers for Disease Control. He was responsible for infecting several of the first few hundred victims of the disease, but he was not the first person to bring or spread AIDS to North America. This rumor may have started with Randy Shilts' 1987 book And The Band Played On (and the movie based on it, where Dugas is referred to as AIDS' Patient Zero), but neither the book nor the movie state him to have been the first to bring the virus to North America. He was called "Patient Zero" because at least 40 of the 248 people known to be infected by AIDS in 1983 had had sexual intercourse with him, or with someone who had. ...more on Wikipedia about "Common misconceptions about HIV and AIDS"
A condom is a device, usually made of latex, that is used during sexual intercourse to reduce the risk of pregnancy and/or sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as gonorrhea, syphilis and HIV. Condoms are also often used to keep a sex toy clean, such as a strap-on dildo, both making cleanup easier, and in cases of toys shared between partners, helping provide STD protection. Condoms do not protect against all forms of STDs. They are also known as prophylactics, as well as a number of colloquial or slang terms, such as rubbers. ...more on Wikipedia about "Condom" It must be shortopedia.
In many countries, the intentional or reckless infection of a person with the HIV virus is considered to be illegal. People who do so can be charged with Criminal Transmission of HIV, murder, manslaughter attempted murder, or assault. Some states have enacted laws expressly to criminalize HIV transmission, as in the United States, while others charge under the existing laws, as in the United Kingdom. Several other sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) have been known to medical science for centuries, but there was little incentive to criminalize their transmission for two practical reasons: ...more on Wikipedia about "Criminal transmission of HIV"
David Ta-i Ho (何大一, pinyin: Hé Dàyī) (born November 3, 1952) is a Taiwanese American AIDS researcher famous for the use of protease inhibitors in treating HIV infected patients. ...more on Wikipedia about "David Ho"
The Duesberg hypothesis is the claim that chemicals from recreational and pharmaceutical drug use, and not HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), is the primary cause of AIDS. In this approach, AIDS is taken to be a name for a group of unrelated diseases caused by abuse of recreational drugs such as heroin and cocaine, malnutrition, and/or DNA chain terminator drugs such as AZT that are frequently prescribed to fight HIV infection, whereas HIV is seen as an opportunistic passenger virus, thereby bringing into question the issue of whether HIV infection ever actually occurs. ...more on Wikipedia about "Duesberg hypothesis"
The Durban declaration was a statement made at the 2000 AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa in response to statements by South Africa president Thabo Mbeki. Mbeki suggested that HIV might not cause AIDS, and at the Durban conference five thousand scientists from all over the world, including eleven Nobel prize winners, signed a statement calling the evidence that HIV causes AIDS "clear-cut, exhaustive and unambiguous." ...more on Wikipedia about "Durban declaration"
Gay related immune deficiency, or the acronym GRID, was the original name for AIDS, a name proposed after public health scientists noticed clusters of Kaposi's sarcoma and Pneumocycstis pneumonia among gay males in California and New York City. CDC . During the early history of AIDS, an ad hoc organization called Gay Men's Health Crisis was founded to combat what was then thought to be a homosexual-only disease perhaps produced by high levels of promiscuity, injection drug use, and usage of poppers. Soon after, clusters of Kaposi's sarcoma and Pneumocycstis pneumonia were also reported in among Haitians recently entering the United States ...more on Wikipedia about "Gay related immune deficiency"
The Global Network of People living with HIV/AIDS (GNP+) is a global network for and by people with HIV/AIDS. The mission of GNP+ is to work to improve the quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS. The secretariat of GNP+ is based in Amsterdam. ...more on Wikipedia about "Global Network of People living with HIV/AIDS"
The Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV-AIDS Hypothesis came into existence as signatories of an open letter to the scientific community, dated June 6, 1991 which stated: ...more on Wikipedia about "Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV-AIDS Hypothesis"
Human immunodeficiency virus, commonly known by the initialism HIV, is a retrovirus that primarily infects vital components of the human immune system such as CD4+ T cells, macrophages and dendritic cells. It also directly and indirectly destroys CD4+ T cells. As CD4+ T cells are required for the proper functioning of the immune system, when enough CD4+ T cells have been destroyed by HIV, the immune system functions poorly, leading to the syndrome known as AIDS. HIV also directly attacks organs, such as the kidneys, the heart and the brain leading to acute renal failure, cardiomyopathy, dementia and encephalopathy. Many of the problems faced by people infected with HIV result from failure of the immune system to protect from opportunistic infections and cancers. ...more on Wikipedia about "HIV"
The risk of transmitting HIV infection to blood transfusion recipients has been drastically reduced by improved donor selection and sensitive serologic screening assays in many countries. In 2000, WHO estimated that 1 million new HIV infections around the world resulted from inadequate blood screening. ...more on Wikipedia about "HIV blood screening"
Following infection with HIV-1, the rate of clinical disease progression varies between individuals. Factors such as host susceptibility, genetics and immune function (Morgan et al., 2002b), health care and co-infections (Morgan et al., 2002a) as well as viral genetic variability (Campbell et al., 2004) may effect the rate of progression to AIDS. ...more on Wikipedia about "HIV Disease Progression Rates"
The HIV Prevention Act of 1997 bill was introduced to the United States House of Representatives on March 13 1997 as H.R. 1026 by Tom Coburn ( R- Oklahoma). A companion bill was introduced to the U.S. Senate as S. 503 by Don Nickles ( R- Oklahoma). The bill was not adopted because of widespread medical privacy concerns. ...more on Wikipedia about "HIV Prevention Act of 1997"
* Bukrinsky M, Adzhubei A. (1999) Viral protein R of HIV-1. Rev Med Virol 9, 39-49 PMID 10371671 ...more on Wikipedia about "HIV structure and genome"
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) test kits used both to screen donor blood, blood components and cellular products, and to diagnose, treat and monitor persons with HIV and Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome ( AIDS) are regulated in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration ( FDA). ...more on Wikipedia about "HIV test"
An HIV vaccine is a hypothetical vaccine against HIV, the etiological agent of AIDS. As there is no known cure for AIDS, the search for a vaccine has become part of the struggle against the disease. ...more on Wikipedia about "HIV vaccine"
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Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) or immune reconstitution syndrome (IRS) is a rare condition seen in some cases of AIDS or immunosuppression, in which the immune system begins to recover, but then responds to a previously acquired opportunistic infection with an overwhelming inflammatory response that paradoxically makes the symptoms of infection worse. ...more on Wikipedia about "Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome"
The index case or patient zero is the initial patient in the population sample of an epidemiological investigation. Patient zero is a somewhat less specific term than index case and is sometimes used to refer to the central patient in an epidemiological investigation rather than the first patient. When used in general to refer to such patients in epidemiological investigations, the term is not capitalized. When the term is used to refer to a specific person in place of that person's name within a report on a specific investigation, the term is capitalized as Patient Zero. Often scientists search for the index case to determine how the disease spread and what reservoir holds the disease in between outbreaks. ...more on Wikipedia about "Index case"
The International AIDS Society is the custodian of the International AIDS Conferences, the paramount gathering of all disciplines in HIV/AIDS now held every two years. These prestigious conferences provide a unique forum for the interaction of science, community and leadership with the goal of bringing knowledge together for changes in the world's response to HIV/AIDS. ...more on Wikipedia about "International AIDS Conferences"
The International AIDS Society (IAS) is the world's professional society for scientists, health care and public health workers, and others engaged in HIV/ AIDS prevention, control and care. ...more on Wikipedia about "International AIDS Society" There's a bit of shortopedia in all of us. shortopedia
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