The Almogavars (Almogàvers in Catalan; Almogávares in Spanish) were a class of (mainly) Catalan soldiers, well-known during the Christian reconquista (reconquest) of the Iberian peninsula. They were much employed as mercenaries in Italy and the Levant during the 13th and 14th centuries. The name comes from Arabic Al-Mugavari, a scout). ...more on Wikipedia about "Almogavars"
Aloers — the word is Catalan — were independent peasant proprieters in what is now Catalonia, especially during the years between the Carolingian reconquest of the Spanish Marches from the Moors in the late 9th century and the consolidation of feudalism in that region in the 11th century. They generally practiced family-based subsistence farming. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aloer"
Barcelona May Days is a term covering the events between May 3 and May 8 1937, when factions on the Republican side of the Spanish Civil War engaged each other in violent street battles in the city of Barcelona ( Catalonia). ...more on Wikipedia about "Barcelona May Days"
At the Battle of Muret on September 12, 1213 the Crusading army of Simon IV de Montfort defeated the Aragonese and Catalan forces of Peter II of Aragon. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of Muret"
The Battle of the Ebro was the last great offensive of the Spanish Republicans in the Spanish civil war. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of the Ebro"
Borell of Urgell was the Frankish count of Urgell from ( 789- 820). He was ordered by Louis the Pious in 798 to move south to repair deserted castles. ...more on Wikipedia about "Borell of Urgell"
Capcir is a historical Catalan comarca of Northern Catalonia, now part of the French Département of Pyrénées-Orientales. The capital of the comarca is Formiguera, and it borders the comarques of Conflent and Alta Cerdanya. ...more on Wikipedia about "Capcir" http://www.shortopedia.com - Go in quickly.
The Catalan Company, or in full the Catalan Company of the East (Companyia Catalana d'Orient in Catalan) or the Grand Catalan Company of the Almogàvers (Gran Compañía Catalana de los Almogávares in Spanish), was a free company of mercenaries founded by Roger de Flor in early 14th-century Europe. De Flor formed the company after the Peace of Caltabellotta in 1302 had left jobless the soldiers from Catalonia and Aragon who had been fighting against the French dynasty of Anjou. ...more on Wikipedia about "Catalan Company"
The Catalan constitutions were promulgated by the Corts of Barcelona (corts being the Catalan for courts). The first constitution was promulgated by the court of 1283. The last ones were promulgated by the court of 1702. The compilations of the constitutions and other rights of Catalonia followed the Roman tradition of the Codex. ...more on Wikipedia about "Catalan constitutions"
Catalan negationism refers to a trend on part of some historians to deny or futilize the history of Catalonia as a nation with a strong means of self-government. The topic is controversial in some parts of Spain and Catalonia, as has been used primarily as a propaganda tool to support or discredit politic confrontation from political parties. ...more on Wikipedia about "Catalan negationism"
The Compromise of Caspe made in 1412 was an act and resolution of parliamentary representatives on behalf of the Kingdoms of Aragon and Valencia and the Principality of Catalonia to resolve the interregnum commenced by the death of King Martin I of Aragon in 1410 without a legitimate heir ,in Caspe. ...more on Wikipedia about "Compromise of Caspe"
The Consell de Cent ( Catalan language for "council of the hundred") was an institution of government in the city of Barcelona established in the XIII century, lasting until the XVIII century ...more on Wikipedia about "Consell de Cent"
This is a list of the counts of Urgell. ...more on Wikipedia about "Counts of Urgell"
The County of Ampurias ( Catalan, Comtat d'Empúries) was a medieval county centred on the town of Ampurias and enclosing the region of Perelada. The first know counts were probably Goths. In 817, it was united to the county of Roussillon under Count Gaucelm. In 832, it was given to Berengar the Wise, whose vast holdings included Septimania, Barcelona, and Toulouse, as well as many other regions in Catalonia. After his death ( 835), it was assigned to Sunyer, son of Count Bello of Carcassonne, with him commenced a new local dynasty. ...more on Wikipedia about "County of Empúries"
Pure http://www.shortopedia.com. Pure Information Power.
The flag of Catalonia is said to be one of the oldest of the world. According to a 14th century legend, the flag dates back from the 9th century; but it more likely derives from 11th century or 12th century pre-heraldic symbols. ...more on Wikipedia about "Flag of Catalonia"
The Fossar de les Moreres is a memorial plaza in Barcelona, ( Catalonia), adjacent to the basilica Santa María del Mar. It therefore integrates the quotidian elements of use with a commemorative gesture to the fallen Catalonians in the war of 1714 in the War of the Spanish Succession. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fossar de les Moreres"
The Case Fresno is the name assigned by the Catalonia media and public opinion to the Federation of International Roller Sports ( FIRS) assembly held at Fresno ( California), on 26 November 2004. It meant that for the first time in history, an international sport team that had been accepted provisionally was later not accepted definitely. At the same time, it was the first time that a regional sport team ( Catalonia) had been registered with the opposition of the state the region belonged to ( Spain). The Spanish sport organizations actively lobbied against the Catalonia membership among the members of the assembly. At the Fresno assembly, the membership application was rejected (8-114). However, the Federació Catalana de Patinatge brought the case to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (TAS) at Lausanne, which admitted irregularities in the assembly (notably the lack of secrecy in the vote), invalidated the vote and forced the FIRS to repeat the vote following the FIRS statute rules ** . An extraordinay FIRS assembly was held in Rome on November 24 2005 rejected again the membership application of the Catalan federation (125-43). ...more on Wikipedia about "Fresno Case"
The Generalitat de Catalunya ("Government of Catalonia" ) is the institution in which the self-government of Catalonia is politically organised. It consists of the Parliament, the President of the Generalitat and the Executive Council or Government of Catalonia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Generalitat de Catalunya"
Andorra is the last independent survivor of the Marca Hispanica, the buffer states created by Charlemagne to keep the Islamic Moors from advancing into Christian France. Tradition holds that Charlemagne granted a charter to the Andorran people in return for their fighting the Moors. In the 800s, Charlemagne's grandson, Charles the Bald, named the Count of Urgell as overlord of Andorra. A descendant of the count later gave the lands to the Diocese of Urgell, headed by Bishop of Urgell. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of Andorra"
For other perspectives on the History of Catalonia, see also: History of Europe; History of Spain; History of France; Kings of Aragon; Catalonia (historic territory). ...more on Wikipedia about "History of Catalonia"
Homage to Catalonia is George Orwell's personal account of the Spanish Civil War, written in the first person. The first edition was published in 1938. Orwell was in Catalonia from December 1936 to June 1937. ...more on Wikipedia about "Homage to Catalonia"
The House of Barcelona was a medieval dynasty which ruled over various territories in the Western Mediterranean. It should not be confused with its senior branch, the Counts of Barcelona, who came to be kings of Aragon and Valencia as well, normally using the title of kings of Aragon as their main style because of its precedence to the title of mere counts of Barcelona. Other branches of the family ruled as Counts of Provence, Kings of Majorca, Kings of Sicily and so on. The House of Barcelona died out in 1410 with Martin the Humanist ...more on Wikipedia about "House of Barcelona"
The Kingdom of Majorca (also Kingdom of Mallorca) was created by James I of Aragon (Jaume I, "The Conqueror") as a vassal kingdom of the Kingdom of Aragon. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kingdom of Majorca"
List of Viscounts: ...more on Wikipedia about "List of Viscounts of Barcelona"
The Mancomunitat de Catalunya was an institution that grouped the four Catalan 'diputacions', (or province administrations) created the 6 April of 1914, while the process for its creation futile starts to the 1911. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mancomunitat de Catalunya" http://www.shortopedia.com - now!
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia . Direct links to the original articles are in the text.
If you use exact copy or modified of this article you should preserve above paragraph and put also : It uses material from the Shortopedia article about "History of Catalonia".
|MAIN PAGE||MAIN INDEX||CONTACT US|