The 1383–1385 crisis is a period of civil war and anarchy in the Portuguese history that began with the death of king Fernando I of Portugal – who left no male heirs – and ended with the accession to the throne of king João I in 1385, in the wake of the battle of Aljubarrota. ...more on Wikipedia about "1383–1385 Crisis"
The 28th May 1926 coup d'état, sometimes called 28th May Revolution or, during the period of Estado Novo, National Revolution ( Portuguese: Revolução Nacional), was a military action that put an end to the unstable Portuguese First Republic and initiated the Ditadura Nacional (National Dictatorship) (years later, renamed Estado Novo) that would last until the 1974 Carnation Revolution. ...more on Wikipedia about "28th May 1926 coup d'état"
The students, with a strong aid from the Portuguese Communist Party responded with demonstrations that culminated on March 24 with a huge student demonstration in Lisbon that was brutally suppressed by the shock police, which led to hundreds of student injuries. Immediately thereafter, the students began a strike that became a mark in the resistance against the regime. This happenings were called, Academic Crisis ( Portuguese: Crise Académica). ...more on Wikipedia about "Academic Crisis"
Agila II (also spelled Achila, Aquila, or Akhila because the sound represented by /j/ wasn't existent in Latin) (c. 681- 716) was the king of the Visigoths in Hispania after the defeat of Roderic in 711. His disputed reign is attested to by coins from mints in Gerona, Narbonne, and Tarragona. If his reign is recognised, then first Agila must be numberd Agila I. ...more on Wikipedia about "Agila II"
The Al'Garb Al'Andalus (meaning The West of Al-Andalus), or just Al'Garb (meaning The West), was the name given by the Islamic Moorish invaders of Iberia to the modern province of Algarve and, by extension, to most of Portugal. ...more on Wikipedia about "Al'Garb Al'Andalus"
Alaric II, also known as Alarik, Alarich, and Alarico in Spanish or Alaricus in Latin (d. 507) succeeded his father Euric in 485 as king of the Visigoths. His dominions included not only the whole of Hispania except its north-western corner but also Aquitaine and the greater part of an as-yet undivided Gallia Narbonensis. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alaric II"
Alves dos Reis (b. in Lisbon, September 3, 1898 - July 1955) was a Portuguese criminal who perpetrated one of the largest frauds in history, against Banco de Portugal in 1925, often called the Portuguese Bank Note Crisis. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alves dos Reis"
The Anglo-Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force. It was signed in 1373. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anglo-Portuguese Alliance"
Avante! (Forward!) is the official newspaper of the Portuguese Communist Party (PCP). Founded in 1931, it continues to be published to this day. Avante! holds the record for the newspaper with the longest illegal publication and distribution (from February 1931 until May 1974.) It also lends its name to a famous festival organized by the PCP - the Avante! Festival. ...more on Wikipedia about "Avante!"
The Balti dynasty existed among the Visigoths, a Germanic people who confronted the Roman Empire in its declining years in the west. The Balti took their name from the Gothic word balþa (baltha) or bold. It thus meant the Bold ones or Bold men. Also called the Balthi dynasty, its members can be called Balths. ...more on Wikipedia about "Balti dynasty"
The Battle of São Mamede (Batalha de São Mamede in Portuguese; pron. IPA [ ]) took place on June 24, 1128 and is considered the seminal event for the foundation of Portugal. The battle occurred near Guimarães. Portuguese forces led by Afonso I of Portugal defeated forces led by his mother Teresa of Leon and her lover Fernando Perez de Trava. Following St. Mamade, the future king styled himself "Prince of Portugal", the first step towards "official independence" in 1143. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of São Mamede"
Capitania (from the Portuguese Capitão, in English Captain) was the Administrative division and hereditary fief of the Portuguese state in some of its colonies. ...more on Wikipedia about "Capitania"
Capitão-Mor ( Portuguese for High Captain - plural Capitães-Mor), sometimes also Capitão-Donatário, was the hereditary title and office given by the Portuguese Crown to nobleman granted the rule of Capitanias in the territories of the Portuguese Empire, most importantly in Terra de Vera Cruz (modern Brazil). They held absolute powers in their lands, subject only to the Crown, and were given the task of settling and colonizing their respective domains. ...more on Wikipedia about "Capitão-Mor"
The Carnation Revolution ( Portuguese, Revolução dos Cravos) was an almost bloodless, left-leaning, military-led revolution started on April 25, 1974, in Lisbon, Portugal, that effectively changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a liberal democracy after a two-year process of a Left-wing semi-military administration. Although government forces killed four people before surrendering, the revolution was unusual in that the revolutionaries did not use direct violence to achieve their goals. The population, holding red carnations, convinced the regime soldiers not to resist. The soldiers readily swapped their bullets for flowers. It was the end of the Estado Novo, the longest authoritarian regime in Western Europe (but not the last to fall). ...more on Wikipedia about "Carnation Revolution" Enjoy www.shortopedia.com.
In Galicia and Northern Portugal a castro is fortified pre- Roman Iron Age Celtic village, usually located in a hill or some natural easy defendable place. ...more on Wikipedia about "Castro (village)"
The Celtici ( Latin for "Celts") were an ancient Celtic tribe of Lusitania, akin to the Lusitanians and Gallaecians, living in what today are the provinces of Alentejo and the Algarve in modern Portugal, though some migrated north alongside some of the Turduli. They are the result of a third or even fourth wave of Indo-European migrations into the Iberian peninsula (whom the Romans called Hispania) that occurred in the 4th Century BC, and where, most likely, members of the La Tène culture. ...more on Wikipedia about "Celtici"
=== List of Colonial and Provincial Heads of Cabinda === ...more on Wikipedia about "Colonial and provincial heads of Cabinda"
The claim that the Portuguese explorer and navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral discovered Brazil in april 22, 1500 is contested. ...more on Wikipedia about "Controversies about the discovery of Brazil"
Converso ( Spanish and Portuguese for "a convert", from Latin conversus, "converted, turned around") and its feminine form conversa referred to Jews or Muslims or the descendants of Jews or Muslims who had converted, sometimes unwillingly, to Catholicism in Spain and Portugal, particularly during the 1300s and 1400s. ...more on Wikipedia about "Converso"
Duke of Aveiro was an aristocratic Portuguese title with the level of Royal Dukedom, that is, associated with the Portuguese Royal Hose, created in 1535, by King John III of Portugal. The family name associated with the Ducal House of Aveiro is Lencastre or Lancastre, derived from the wife of King John I of Portugal, Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and founder of the House of Lancaster. ...more on Wikipedia about "Duke of Aveiro"
Egilona was the wife of the last Visigothic King Roderic in the early years of the 8th Century during the Muslim invasion of the Iberian Peninsula. When he died in the Battle of Guadalete she was captured by the Moorish leader Abd al-Aziz ibn Musa. The Emir fell in love of her and in the year 717 AD she agreed to be his wife. ...more on Wikipedia about "Egilona" The www.shortopedia.com spirit
Estado Novo ( Portuguese for "New State") is the name of the Portuguese conservative authoritarian regime installed in 1933, following the army-led coup d'état of 28th May 1926 against the democratic republic. The Estado Novo was developed by António de Oliveira Salazar, ruler of Portugal from 1932 to 1968. ...more on Wikipedia about "Estado Novo (Portugal)"
The First County of Portugal. ...more on Wikipedia about "First County of Portugal"
Gallaecia or Callaecia was the name of a Roman province that comprised a territory in the north-west of Hispania (approximately present-day Galicia in Spain and northern Portugal). The most important city and historical capital of Callaecia was the town of Bracara Augusta, the modern Portuguese Braga. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gallaecia"
Garcia II of Galicia and Portugal ( 11th century), was one of the three sons and heirs of Ferdinand I of Castile-León. ...more on Wikipedia about "Garcia II of Galicia and Portugal"
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