Edo ( Japanese: 江戸, literally: bay- door, " estuary"), once also spelled Yedo or Yeddo, is the former name of the Japanese capital Tokyo. The pronunciation is "eh-doh." While there had been early settlements on the hills at Tokyo Bay for several centuries, the first major event in the history of Edo was the building of the Edo Castle in 1457 by Ota Dokan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Edo"
Edo Castle (江戸城 -jō) was built in 1457 by Ota Dokan in what is now the Chiyoda ward of Tokyo, but was then known as Edo. Tokugawa Ieyasu established the Tokugawa shogunate here, and as the residence of the shogun and location of the bakufu, it functioned as the military capital during the Edo period of Japanese history. Kokyo, the Imperial Palace, stands on the site today. Some moats, walls and ramparts survive. However, during the Edo period, the grounds were much more extensive, with Tokyo Station and the Marunouchi section of the city lying within the outermost moat. It also encompassed Kita-no-maru Park, the Nippon Budokan Hall and other landmarks of the area. ...more on Wikipedia about "Edo Castle"
The Great Kanto Earthquake (関東大震災 Kantō daishinsai) struck the Kanto plain on the Japanese main island of Honshu at 11:58 on the morning of September 1, 1923. The quake was later estimated to have had a magnitude between 7.9 and 8.4 on the Richter scale. It destroyed the Japanese port city of Yokohama as well as the surrounding prefectures of Chiba, Kanagawa, Shizuoka, and Tokyo. ...more on Wikipedia about "Great Kanto earthquake"
*1869 Emperor Meiji moves to Tokyo and makes Tokyo Castle, the Imperial Palace. However, the capital was never legally "transferred" from Kyoto to Tokyo, making some people believe that Kyoto may still be the capital, or a co-capital today. See: Capital of Japan. Samurai from the Satsuma and Choshu (and other) regions, having defeated the Tokugawa, take crucial roles in the new ruling oligarchy. A foreigner settlement is established at Tsukiji. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of Tokyo"
The Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway, usually referred to in the Japanese media as the 地下鉄サリン事件 (chikatetsu sarin jiken "subway sarin incident") was an act of domestic terrorism perpetrated by members of the religious group Aum Shinrikyo on March 20, 1995. In five coordinated attacks, the conspirators released sarin gas on several lines of the Tokyo Subway, killing twelve people and injuring some six thousand more. The attack was directed against trains passing through Kasumigaseki and Nagatacho, home to the Japanese government. This was (and remains, as of 2006) the most serious attack that has occurred in Japan since the end of the Second World War. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway"
Sugamo Prison (Sugamo Kōchi-sho, Kyūjitai:巢鴨拘置所, Shinjitai:巣鴨拘置所) was built in the 1920's for political prisoners, using the prisons of Europe as a model. It was located in the city of Ikebukuro, which is now part of the Toshima ward of Tokyo. During World War II, many communists and other dissenters were incarcerated at Sugamo. ...more on Wikipedia about "Sugamo Prison"
Tokyo City (東京市 Tōkyō-shi) was a Japanese municipality located in the center of the Tokyo urban area. It existed from 1889 to 1943, when it was merged with Tokyo Prefecture to form the Tokyo Metropolitan Government. The historical boundaries of Tokyo City are now occupied by 23 special wards. Some people still use the name to refer collectively to the 23 special wards, which, while convenient, is inaccurate; the wards do not share a mayor or a city council, but rather function as completely separate municipalities under the metropolitan government. ...more on Wikipedia about "Tokyo City"
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