Aglipayanism or the Aglipayano sect, caused more annoyance than damage to the Catholic Church in the Philippines during the US colonisation. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aglipayanism"
Don Alonso de Arellano was a Spanish explorer of the 16th century, who was among 5 fleets that first re-discovered the Philippines after Magellan. Some would argue he actually discovered the Philippines first, splitting off from the rest of the fleet in the patache San Lucas, piloted by Lope Martín, shortly after leaving the port of Barra de Navidad. After discovering a number of islands in January of 1565, he turned around and set out for Acapulco, becoming the first to discover what would later be called "Urdaneta's Route." Andres de Urdaneta, part of the fleet Arellano had split off from, discovered the same path shortly afterwards, but kept better notes and maps, and so the credit was given him. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alonso de Arellano"
Andrés de Urdaneta (b. 1498 - d. June 3, Mexico, 1568) was a Spanish friar, sail-captain and explorer. ...more on Wikipedia about "Andrés de Urdaneta"
Antonio Luna y Novicio ( 29 October 1866 - 5 June 1899 was a Philippine pharmacist and general who fought in the Philippine-American War. ...more on Wikipedia about "Antonio Luna"
* Juan Luna — composer of the Spolarium for which he won top prize at the 1884 Madrid Exposition. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arts of the Philippines"
The Bataan Death March was a war crime involving the forcible transfer of prisoners of war, with wide-ranging abuse and high fatalities, by Japanese forces in the Philippines, in 1942, during World War II. In Japanese, it is known as Batān Shi no Kōshin (バターン死の行進), meaning the same. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bataan Death March"
The Battle of Bataan represented the most intense phase of Imperial Japan's invasion of the Philippines, in the early stages of the Pacific War. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of Bataan"
The Battle for Corregidor was the culmination of the Japanese campaign for the conquest of the Philippines. The fall of Bataan in April 9, 1942 ended all organized opposition by the USAFFE to the invading Japanese forces on Luzon in the northern Philippines. The island bastion of Corregidor with its network of tunnels and formidable array of defensive armament, along with the fortifications across the entrance to Manila Bay, was the remaining obstacle to the 14th Japanese Imperial Army of Lt. Gen. Masaharu Homma. The enemy had to take Corregidor; as long as the island remained in American hands, they would be denied the use of the Manila Bay, the finest natural harbor in the Orient. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of Corregidor"
The Battle of Ormoc Bay was a series of air-sea battles between Imperial Japan and the United States in the Camotes Sea in the Philippines between 11 November 1944 and 21 December 1944, part of the Battle of Leyte in the Pacific campaign of World War II. The battles resulted from Japanese operations to reinforce and resupply their forces on Leyte and US attempts to interdict them. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of Ormoc Bay"
Camarines was a historical province in the Philippines found on the northern end of the Bicol Peninsula. It now exists as two separate provinces: ...more on Wikipedia about "Camarines"
The Code of Kalantiaw was a fictitious legal code said to be written in 1433 by Datu Kalantiaw, a chief on the island of Negros in the Philippines. It was created in 1913 by Jose E. Marco as a part of his historical forgery entitled Las antiguas leyendes de la Isla de Negros (The Ancient Legends of the Island of Negros), which he attributed to a priest named Jose Maria Pavon. ...more on Wikipedia about "Code of Kalantiaw"
Comfort women is a euphemism for women who were forced to work as sex slaves in military brothels in Japanese-occupied countries during World War II. In the Japanese language, ianfu (慰安婦, comfort women) is a term coined by Asahi Shinbun in the 1980s to refer to these wartime prostitutes. jūgun-ianfu (従軍慰安婦, "military comfort women"), those who served in Japanese military brothels during World War II in Japanese colonies and war zones, was also used, but is seen infrequently these days. (The word ian means 'comfort' in the sense of 'comfort someone for their arduous duties'; it has the sense of 'recreation' for the troops.) ...more on Wikipedia about "Comfort women"
The Commonwealth of the Philippines was the political designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth of the United States. Before 1935, the Philippines was an insular area with non-commonwealth status; it had been a U.S. territory since the 1898 Treaty of Paris, following Spain's loss of the Philippines in the Spanish-American War. The Commonwealth of the Philippines was envisioned as a transition government to rule for 10 years, preparatory to full Philippine independence. The Commonwealth was established after the acceptance by the Philippine Legislature of the Philippine Independence Act, popularly known as the Tydings-McDuffie Act. The law authorized the drafting of a constitution for the Philippines, by a popularly-elected constitutional convention. Upon the ratification of the constitution by the Filipino people, it would then be submitted to the President of the United States who would certify its having met certain requirements in the Independence Act. ...more on Wikipedia about "Commonwealth of the Philippines"
The Consejo de Indias ("Council of the Indies"), in full the Real y Supremo Consejo de Indias ("Royal and Supreme Council of the Indies") was the most important administrative organ of the Spanish Empire, both in administering the Americas and in the Philippines, combining legislative, executive and judicial functions. The Crown of Castile incorporated the new territories into its domains when Queen Isabella withdrew the authority granted Columbus and the first conquistadors and established direct royal control. ...more on Wikipedia about "Consejo de Indias"
The Customs and Traditions of the Philippines are strongly influenced by the culture of Spain, Mexico and the Roman Catholic religion. Each year, Filipinos from around the country hold major festivities known as Barrio Fiesta which commemorate the patron saints of the town, villages and regional districts. The festival season is celebrated with church ceremonies, street parades in honor of the patron saints, fireworks, beauty and dance contests for generations of old and new, and cockfighting tournaments. ...more on Wikipedia about "Culture of the Philippines"
Datu Sikatuna was the chieftain of Bohol, who made a blood compact and allianced with the Spanish conquistador, Miguel López de Legazpi in March 16, 1565. ...more on Wikipedia about "Datu Sikatuna"
Diego Ronquillo was the fifth Spanish governor of the Philippines, from 10 March 1583 until May 1584. He was the nephew of his predecessor, Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñaloza, and served as interim governor for little more than a year. ...more on Wikipedia about "Diego Ronquillo"
People Power 3 Revolution or also known as EDSA III or EDSA Tres was a massive protest rally that was sparked by the April 2001 arrest of Philippine President Joseph Estrada. Hundreds of thousands of people gathered at the EDSA Shrine, the site of the January EDSA II Revolt that toppled Estrada from the presidency. The massive rally was aimed to topple Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo from the presidency and reinstate Estrada. The rally culminated on the morning of May 1, 2001 when thousands of protesters marched towards Malacanang Palace, the presidential residence, to topple Arroyo from power until the the government soldiers and police dispersed the marchers which sparked violence. ...more on Wikipedia about "EDSA III"
The EDSA Revolution, also referred to as the People Power Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986, was a mostly nonviolent mass demonstration in the Philippines. Four days of peaceful action by millions of Filipinos in Metro Manila led to the downfall of the authoritarian regime of President Ferdinand Marcos and the installation of Corazon Aquino as president of the Republic. EDSA stands for Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, a main highway in Metro Manila and the main site of the demonstrations. ...more on Wikipedia about "EDSA Revolution"
Felipe de Salcedo was a Spanish conquistador. He joined his brother Juan de Salcedo and grand-father Miguel López de Legazpi in 1564 for the conquest of the Philippines. Felipe commanded 1 ship, out of 5 fleets that sailed from Mexico to the Philippines. ...more on Wikipedia about "Felipe de Salcedo"
Ferdinand Magellan ( Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães, IPA pron. / /; Spanish: Fernando (or Hernando) de Magallanes) (Spring 1480 – April 27, 1521) was a Portuguese maritime explorer who led the first successful attempt to circumnavigate the Earth. Magellan himself did not complete the circumnavigation; he was killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines. He did, however, become the first person to lead an expedition sailing westward from Europe to Asia and to cross the Pacific Ocean. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ferdinand Magellan" It must be www.shortopedia.com.
Pilipino nationalism is an upsurge of patriotic sentiments and nationalistic ideals in the Philippines of the late 1800s that came as a result of the Filipino Propaganda Movement from 1872 to 1892. It became the main ideology of the first Asian nationalist revolution, the Philippine Revolution of 1896. ...more on Wikipedia about "Filipino nationalism"
The First Quarter Storm was a period of unrest in the Philippines, composed of a series of heavy demonstrations, protests, and marches against the government from January to March 1970, two years before the Philippines were placed under martial law. The movement was led by college students, as well as labourers, who protested against graft and corruption in government, and the decline in the economy caused by high oil prices. ...more on Wikipedia about "First Quarter Storm"
During the Philippine Revolution, various flags were used by the Katipunan secret society and its various factions, and later, after the Katipunan had been dissolved, the Philippine Army and its Civil Government. ...more on Wikipedia about "Flags of the Philippine Revolution"
Fuerza de San Pedro is a military defence structure, built by the soldiers under the command of Spanish conquistador, Miguel López de Legazpi and the Spanish Government in Cebu. It is located in the Pier area, Cebu City in what is now Plaza de Indepedencia National Park. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fort San Pedro"
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