Alaksandu is addressed as king of Wilusa by Muwatalli II in ca. 1280 BC. ...more on Wikipedia about "Alaksandu"
Anitta, son of Pithana, was a semi-legendary king of the Hittites at Kussara, a city that has yet to be identified. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anitta"
Arzawa is a region or kingdom in what was later to be known as Lydia in Western Anatolia. It was the western neighbour and sometimes vassal of the Hittites, and probably bordered on the Assuwa league to the north. The language spoken in Arzawa during the Bronze Age and early Iron Age was Luwian, a member of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European family. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arzawa"
The Battle of Kadesh (also spelled Qadesh) took place between Egypt and the Hittite forces of Muwatalli, on the Orontes River of modern Syria, generally dated to 1274 BC during the reign of Ramesses II ( 1279 – 1213 BC). It was probably the largest chariot-battle ever fought, with some 5,000 chariots involved. It also involved over 9000 foot solders. ...more on Wikipedia about "Battle of Kadesh"
Hattusa (also known as Hattusas or Khattushash) was the capital of the Hittite Empire. It was located near the modern-day village formerly known as Boğazköy, now named Boğazkale ( ), in Çorum province, Turkey, and was set in a loop of the Kizil Irmak river (the Halys of Antiquity) in central Anatolia, about 145 km (90 miles) east of Ankara. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hattusa"
The events described in Homer's Iliad, even if based on historical events that preceded its composition by some 450 years, will never be completely identifiable with historical or archaeological facts, even if there was a Bronze Age city on the site now called Troy, and even if that city was destroyed by fire or war at about the same time as the time postulated for the Trojan War. ...more on Wikipedia about "Historicity of the Iliad"
(Note: The exact sequence and dates of the previous four kings is uncertain. Trevor Bryce, The Kingdom of the Hittites, (Cambridge, 1998) and many others list them in a different order.) ...more on Wikipedia about "History of the Hittites"
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The Hittite language is the dead language once spoken by the Hittites, a people who once created an empire centered on ancient Hattusa (modern Boğazköy) in north-central Anatolia (modern Turkey). The language was used from approximately 1600 BC (and probably before) to 1100 BC. There is some attestation that Hittite and related languages were still spoken for a few hundred years after that. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hittite language"
The Hittite military oath is a Hittite text on two cuneiform tablets. The first tablet is only preserved in fragments (KBo XXI 10, KUB XL 13, and minor fragments), the second tablet survives in three copies, and can be restituted almost completely, the oldest copy (KUB XL 13) is fragmentary, but two younger copies (KUB XL 16, KBo VI 34) are well preserved. The text is in Old Hittite, with some scribal errors of the later copyists, and prescribes the oath to be taken by military commanders. More precisely, it describes a series of symbolic actions intended to represent the afflictions that should befall the oath-takers should they break their word. One one occasion, for example, women's clothing, a spindle and an arrow is brought before those swearing their allegiance. The arrow is broken, and they are told that should they break their oath, their weapons should likewise be broken, and they should be made women and given women's tasks. Then, a blind and deaf woman is brought before them, and they are told that if they break their word, they will be made blind and deaf women like this one. Then, a figurine of a person suffering from ascites, filled with water, is brought before them, and they are told that should they break their word, their bellies should swell with water, and the deities of the oath should eat their offspring (seed) within their bellies. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hittite military oath"
Heavily influenced by Mesopotamian mythology, the religion of the Hittites and Luwians retains noticeable Indo-European elements, for example Tarhun the god of thunder, and his conflict with the serpent Illuyanka. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hittite mythology"
“Hittites” is the conventional English-language term for an ancient people who spoke an Indo-European language and established a kingdom centered in Hattusa (Hittite Hattushash) where today is the village of Boğazköy in north-central Turkey, through most of the second millennium BC. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hittites"
Hittites, Hethites, and Children of Heth are English terms for a people mentioned several times in the Hebrew Bible ( Old Testament), who some believe lived in or near Canaan from the time of Abraham (presumably between 2000 BC and 1500 BC) to the time of Ezra after the return from the Babylonian exile (around 450 BC). ...more on Wikipedia about "Hittites in the Bible"
Kültepe ( ) is the name of the modern village near the ancient city of Kanes in central eastern Anatolia, also called Kârum Kanesh "merchant-colony city of Kanes" in Assyrian (rendered Karum Kaniş in Turkish). The nearest modern city is Kayseri, about 20km southwest. The city's name is often transliterated as "Kanesh" because of the way Hittite was recorded in cuneiform, but Kanes is more accurate. The name Kârum Kanesh refers to a portion of the city set aside by local officials for the early Assyrian merchants to use without paying taxes, as long as the goods remained inside the kârum. The term kârum means "port" in Akkadian, the lingua franca of the time. The city to which the kârum was attached was the first capital of the later Hittite Empire, called Nesa. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kültepe"
Luwian (sometimes spelled Luvian) is part of the Anatolian branch language family and has been preserved in two forms, Cuneiform Luwian and Hieroglyphic Luwian (formerly called Hieroglyphic Hittite). ...more on Wikipedia about "Luwian language"
(Madduwatta) He was a king of Arzawa, in Anatolia, about 14th or 13th century BC. ...more on Wikipedia about "Madduwatta"
Piyashshili was a Hittite prince, and a son of King Suppiluliuma I. After Suppiluliuma I concluded a treaty with Shattiwazza, son of King Tushratta of Hanilgalbat, and married one of his daughters to him, Piyashshili led a Hittite army that put Shattiwazza on the throne of Hanilgalbat. According to Hittite sources, Piyashshili and Shattiwazza crossed the Euphrates at Carchemish, then marched against Irridu, already in Hurrian territory. After having reduced Irridu and Harran, they continued east towards Washshukanni and perhaps conquered the capital Taite as well. ...more on Wikipedia about "Piyashshili"
Studien zu den Bogazkoy Texten (abbreviated StBoT) edited by the German Akademie der Wissenschaften und Literatur, Mainz, since 1965, is a series of editions of Hittite texts and monographs on topics of the Anatolian languages. ...more on Wikipedia about "StBoT"
Suppiluliuma I (Shuppiluliuma) was king of the Hittites (ca. 1358 BC – 1323 BC). He achieved fame as a great warrior and statesman, successfully challenging the then-dominant Egyptian empire for control of the lands between the Mediterranean and the Euphrates. ...more on Wikipedia about "Suppiluliuma I"
Troy ( Turkish: Truva, Greek Τροία Troia also Ἰλιον; Latin: Troia, Ilium) is a legendary city, scene of the Trojan War, part of which is described in Homer's Iliad, an epic poem in Ancient Greek, composed in the 8th or 7th century BC, but containing older material (Iliad means "epic of Ilion"). ...more on Wikipedia about "Troy"
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