AbioCor is an artificial heart developed by the Massachusetts-based company AbioMed. It is fully implantable within a patient, due to a combination of advances in miniaturization, biosensors, plastics and energy transfer that has made this advance possible. The AbioCor runs on a rechargeable source of power and is being tested in clinical trials in preparation for approval by the Food and Drug Administration. ...more on Wikipedia about "AbioCor"
American Society for Artificial Internal Organs (ASAIO) is an organization of individuals and groups that are interested in artificial internal organs and their development. ...more on Wikipedia about "American Society for Artificial Internal Organs"
Aortic valve replacement is a surgical procedure in which a patient's aortic valve is replaced by a different valve. The aortic valve can be affected by a range of diseases and require aortic valve replacement. The valve can either become leaky ( regurgitant or insufficient) or stuck partially shut ( stenotic). Aortic valve replacement currently requires open heart surgery. Research is being done now on to develop valves that can be implanted using a catheter without open heart surgery. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aortic valve replacement"
An artificial eye is a camera attached to the optic nerve as a replacement for a real eye. It does not function as well as the real eye, and does not have crystal-clear vision (as it is only a camera). ...more on Wikipedia about "Artificial eye"
An artificial heart is a prosthetic device that is implanted into the body to replace the original biological heart. It is distinct from a cardiac pump, which is an external device used to provide the functions of both the heart and the lungs. Thus, the cardiac pump need not be connected to both blood circuits. Also, a cardiac pump is only suitable for use not longer than a few hours, while for the artificial heart the current record is 17 months. ...more on Wikipedia about "Artificial heart"
An artificial organ is a man-made organ that is implanted in a human to replace a natural organ. Below is a list of artificial organs that have been successfully implanted in humans: ...more on Wikipedia about "Artificial organ"
A pacemaker (or "artificial pacemaker", so as not to be confused with the heart's natural pacemaker) is a medical device designed to regulate the beating of the heart. The purpose of an artificial pacemaker is to stimulate the heart when either the heart's native pacemaker is not fast enough or if there are blocks in the heart's electrical conduction system preventing the propagation of electrical impulses from the native pacemaker to the lower chambers of the heart, known as the ventricles. ...more on Wikipedia about "Artificial pacemaker"
(Bio-implants) A bio-implant may be defined as artificial organic material that can be surgically implanted into a person's body to replace damaged tissue ** . The common areas of application include orthopedic (especially maxillofacial) reconstructive prosthesis, cardiac prostheses (artificial heart valves like the Chitra heart valve), skin and cornea. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bio-implants"
The term brain implants, also known as neural implants, usually refers to devices of a technological nature that are connected directly to a biological subject's brain - usually placed on the surface of the brain, or attached to the brain's cortex. A common purpose of modern brain implants and the focus of much current research is establishing a biomedical prosthesis circumventing areas in the brain, which became dysfunctional after a stroke or other head injuries. This includes sensory substitution, e.g. in vision. Brain implants involve creating interfaces between neural systems and computer chips, popularly called brain-machine interfaces. ...more on Wikipedia about "Brain implant"
Brain pacemaker is a medical device which sends electric impulses into brain. Brain pacemakers are implanted into human body for treating epilepsy, Parkinson disease and other diseases. Depending on where the impulses are sent, the treatment is called deep brain stimulation, vagus nerve stimulation etc. ...more on Wikipedia about "Brain pacemaker"
BrainGate was developed by the bio-tech company Cyberkinetics in 2003 in conjunction with the Department of Neuroscience at Brown University. The device was designed to help those who have lost control of their limbs, or other bodily functions. The computer chip, which is implanted into the brain, monitors brain activity in the patient and converts the intention of the user into computer commands. Currently the chip uses 100 hair-thin electrodes that 'hear' neurons firing in specific areas of the brain, for example, the area that controls arm movement. The activity is translated into electrically charged signals and are then sent and decoded using a program, thus moving the arm. According to the Cyberkinetics' website, two patients have been implanted with the BrainGate system. ...more on Wikipedia about "BrainGate"
A breast implant is a prosthesis used in cosmetic surgery to enlarge the size of a woman's breasts (known as breast augmentation) or to reconstruct the breast (for example, after a mastectomy, or during male-to-female sex reassignment surgery). There are four types of breast implant: ...more on Wikipedia about "Breast implant"
There are two types of buttock augmentation: ...more on Wikipedia about "Buttock augmentation"
Chin augmentation using surgical implants can alter the underlying structure of the face, providing better balance to the facial features. This operation is often performed at the time of rhinoplasty to help balance the facial proportions. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chin augmentation"
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A chin sling is a plastic lining used in chin augmentation to lift the tissues under the chin and neck. The sling is surgically implanted under the skin of the chin and hooked behind the ears, giving a more youthful appearance, and reversing the effects of aging such as accumulated fat, lost skin elasticity and stretched muscle lining, all of which cause the neck to droop and sag. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chin sling"
A Cochlear implant is a device implanted in the inner ear to restore hearing by stimulating nerves inside the cochlea. Current devices are used with an external sound processor, the size of a cell phone. The sound processor converts the sound into electrical signals that run through a thin cable to a pad placed behind the external ear over a receiving pad under the skin. The signals are transmitted through the skin by electromagnetic induction and through an internal cable to electrodes inside the cochlea. The cochlear implant can give a simulation of hearing for some people with certain kinds of hearing impairment or who have a severe to profound hearing loss. It has also been called a bionic ear. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cochlear implant"
Cognotechnology is an emerging field that is technology applied to the cognitive domain, and is the result of a convergence of nanotechnology, biotechnology and information technology, according to Gerald Yonas, vice president and principal scientist at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico ( US Department of Energy). ...more on Wikipedia about "Cognotechnology"
Cyberware is a relatively new and unknown field. In science fiction circles, however, it is commonly known to mean the hardware or machine parts implanted in the human body and acting as an interface between the central nervous system and the computers or machinery connected to it. More formally: ...more on Wikipedia about "Cyberware"
The term cyborg, a portmanteau of cybernetic organism, is used to designate an organism which is a mixture of organic and mechanical ( synthetic) parts. Generally, the aim is to add to or enhance the abilities of an organism by using technology. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cyborg"
A dental implant is used in prosthetic dentistry. There are several types. The most widely accepted and successful is the osseointegrated implant, based on the discovery by Professor Brånemark that titanium could be successfully incorporated into bone when osteoblasts grow on and into the rough surface of the implanted titanium. This forms a structural and functional connection between the living bone and the implant. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dental implant"
Grommets and eyelets are metal, plastic, or rubber rings that are inserted into a hole made through another material. They may be used to reinforce the hole, to shield something from the sharp edges of the hole, or both. ...more on Wikipedia about "Grommet" Connect with shortopedia. shortopedia
Hip replacement is the most successful, cheapest and safest form of joint replacement surgery. The earliest recorded attempts at hip replacement (Gluck T, 1891), which were carried out in Germany, used ivory to replace the femoral head (the ball on top of the thighbone). Use of artificial hips became more widespread in the 1930s; the artificial joints were made of steel or chrome. They were considered to be better than arthritis but had a number of drawbacks. The main problem was that the articulating surfaces could not be lubricated by the body, leading to wear and loosening and hence the need to replace the joint again (known as revision operations). Attempts to use teflon produced joints that caused osteolysis and wore out within two years. Another significant problem was infection. Before the advent of antibiotics, surgery on the joints carried a high risk of infection. Even with antibiotic treatments, infection is still a cause for some revision operations. Such infections are not necessarily caused at surgery; they can also be the result of bacteria entering the bloodstream during dental treatment. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hip replacement"
Implants (from Latin in-, in ; and Latin plantere, to plant) are artificial devices which made to replace and act as a missing biological structure. Modern medical implants are generally high-end devices. Outer shell of implants made of bioinert materials, often from titanium. In some cases implants contain electronics e.g. artificial pacemaker and cochlear implants. In other cases medical implants has compound structure and acts as reinforcement e.g. dental implant or knee joint replacement implant. ...more on Wikipedia about "Implant (medicine)"
An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is a device that is implanted under the skin of patients that are at risk of sudden death due to ventricular fibrillation. The rudiments of arrhythmia detection and treatment are incorporated into the implantable device. The device was designed primarily to deal with ventricular fibrillation. Its current use has however extended to include atrial and ventricular arrhythmias as well as the ability to perform biventricular pacing in patients with congestive heart failure and to pace should there be any marked bradycardia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator"
Knee replacement, or arthroplasty of the knee, is a commonly performed operation done to relieve the pain and disability from rheumatoid arthritis or more often osteoarthritis of the knee. ...more on Wikipedia about "Knee replacement"
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