In the United States, there was a World War II proposal to drop bats carrying tiny incendiary bombs over Japan, hence creating bat bombs. The plan was to set the incendiary bombs on timed ignition, so that they would explode after the bats had roosted in Japanese buildings, causing widespread fires and chaos. Initiated by the Army in 1942, the project was given to the Navy, where it was renamed Project X-Ray and was quickly passed off to the Marine Corps. The bat bomb proposal was considered seriously enough that government researchers tested incendiary devices, performed assessments of bat weight-carrying ability, and set some military facilities on fire by accidentally releasing armed bats. A successful test was carried out on a mock-up of a Japanese city. The test drop worked exactly as planned. Bat bombs were never used operationally and the program was cancelled in 1944 without any reason given. It is thought that the project was moving too slowly and was beaten out of the race for the quick end of the war by the Atom Bomb project. It has been estimated that $2 million was spent on the project. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bat bomb"
The Blaster is an invention by South African inventor Charl Fourie to provide a deterrant to carjackings. With a rising crime rate, carjackings became a serious concern in South Africa. The Blaster is a car modifcation that functions as a flamethrower; when a carjacking occurs, the driver could step on additional pedal next to accelerator and flames would erupt from outer sides of front door, "neutralizing" the assailant. ...more on Wikipedia about "Blaster (flamethrower)"
Chlorine trifluoride is a colourless, very poisonous gas that condenses to a pale-yellow liquid. It was first prepared in 1912 by the electrolysis of molten NaCl/HF, but is now generally made by reacting fluorine gas with 3% aqueous sodium hypochlorite solution: ...more on Wikipedia about "Chlorine trifluoride"
The term "fire balloon" can mean a small unmanned hot air balloon for festivities; this is also called a sky lantern. ...more on Wikipedia about "Fire balloon"
Firebombing is a bombing technique designed to create a firestorm in the target city. This technique makes use of incendiary bombs to start a massive fire, and can also include a preliminary bombing run designed to prepare the city for burning. This bombing technique was as effective as the atomic bombs used against Japanese cities toward the end of World War II. ...more on Wikipedia about "Firebombing"
A flamethrower is a mechanical device designed to throw flames. Some sorts (including most familiar military flamethrowers) project an ignited stream of liquid; others make a very long gas flame. It is used by the military and also by those needing controlled burning, such as in agriculture or other land management tasks. Many modern non-military flamethrowers do not utilize a burning stream of liquid, but rather ignite a stream of high pressure flammable gas, such as propane or natural gas, and are considered safer for agricultural, industrial, or recreational/entertainment use. ...more on Wikipedia about "Flamethrower"
The Flamethrower, Portable, No 2 (nicknamed Lifebuoy from the shape of the fuel tank), also known as the Ack Pack, was a British design of flamethrower for infantry use in the Second World War. ...more on Wikipedia about "Flamethrower, Portable, No 2"
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The Flammenwerfer 35 was a German flamethrower used during WWII to clear out trenches and buildings. This was a deadly weapon that was extremly effective at close range. This weapon was also known as the skinsteal-because using this weapon at close range would usually result in severe skin loss. ...more on Wikipedia about "Flammenwerfer 35"
Greek fire (also called Byzantine fire, wildfire and liquid fire, Greek Υγρό Πυρ, igró pir) was a weapon used by the Byzantine Empire, said to have been invented by a Syrian Christian refugee named Kallinikos (Callinicus) of Heliopolis (Syria), probably about 673. Some people believe that he acquired this knowledge from the chemists of Alexandria. It was capable of discharging a stream of burning fluid, and was very effective both on sea and land. However, it was used primarily at sea. It is rumored that the key to Greek fire's effectiveness was that it could continue burning under almost any conditions, even under water. It was known to the Byzantines' enemies as a "wet, dark, sticky fire" because it stuck to the unfortunate object it hit and was impossible to extinguish. Enemy ships were often afraid to come too near to the Byzantine fleet, because, once within range, the fire gave the Byzantines a strong military advantage. ...more on Wikipedia about "Greek fire"
A hand grenade is a small hand-held bomb designed to be thrown by hand. The word "grenade" is derived from the Spanish granada (" pomegranate"), in reference to the general size of early grenades, and because its shrapnel pellets reminded soldiers of the seeds of this fruit. Grenadiers were originally soldiers who specialized in throwing grenades. ...more on Wikipedia about "Hand grenade"
Incendiary bombs are bombs designed to start fires or destroy sensitive equipment using materials such as napalm, thermite, or white phosphorus. Napalm proper is no longer used by the United States although the similar Mark 77 bomb is currently in use. ...more on Wikipedia about "Incendiary bomb"
An incendiary device is a device or weapon designed to create a fire. ...more on Wikipedia about "Incendiary device"
Liquid fire is a term commonly used to refer to liquid incendiary substances. The term probably first referred to boiling oil used as a siege defense. In the Hellenistic through Byzantine periods of Western civilization, it commonly referred to Greek fire. In World War I and World War II, flamethrowers were used to project flaming liquids. Today, the term is most commonly applied to napalm. ...more on Wikipedia about "Liquid fire"
M2A1-7 is a flamethrower used by the American troops during World War II. ...more on Wikipedia about "M2 flamethrower" Pure shortopedia. Pure Information Power.
The Mark 77 bomb (MK-77) is a US 750-lb (340-kg) air-dropped incendiary bomb carrying 110 gallons (415 litres) of a fuel gel mix which is the direct successor to napalm. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mark 77 bomb"
Molotov cocktail (also known as a petrol bomb, benzine torch, molotov grenade or a molotov bomb) is the generic name for a variety of crude incendiary weapons. Commonly associated with irregular military forces and rioters, they are more frequently used for basic arson. In urban slang, they are often referred to as a homemade frag. ...more on Wikipedia about "Molotov cocktail"
Napalm, or jellied gasoline, is a flammable liquid fuel weapon invented in 1942. It is usually deployed as an incendiary bomb. The substance is formulated to burn at a specific rate and adhere to material and personnel. In 1980, its use against civilian populations was banned by a United Nations convention. It is created by mixing equal parts of gasoline and polystyrene. ...more on Wikipedia about "Napalm"
Operation Outward was the name given to the British World War II programme to attack Germany by means of free-flying balloons. ...more on Wikipedia about "Operation Outward"
A thermite reaction (a type of aluminothermic reaction) is one in which aluminium metal is oxidized by the oxide of another metal, most commonly iron oxide. The name thermite is also used to refer to a mixture of two such chemicals. The products are aluminium oxide, free elemental Iron, and a great deal of heat. The reactants are commonly powdered and mixed with a binder to keep the material solid and prevent separation. ...more on Wikipedia about "Thermite"
The Type 100 Flamethrower was a Japanese flamethrower that was introduced in 1940 and remained in service during World War 2. The Type 100 was primarily used in the early stages of the war, mostly in Indonesia and the Philippines. There was little need for flamethrowers later in the war since Japan was on the defensive and had few opportunities to attack enemy fortifications. ...more on Wikipedia about "Type 100 Flamethrower"
:This article is about the military applications of white phosphorus. For more general information, see Phosphorus. ...more on Wikipedia about "White phosphorus (weapon)"
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