Abhinavagupta (fl. c. 975 - 1025) was one of India's great literary critics and philosophers. He was born in Kashmir and he wrote on Shaivism, aesthetics, music, and a variety of other subjects. His two famous commentaries on poetry, drama, and dance, the Locana on the Dhvanyaloka and the Abhinavabharati on the Natyasastra engage with almost every important aspect of Indian aesthetics. In their book Santarasa (published by Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Poona, 1969) authors J.L. Masson and M.V. Patwardhan write about Abhinavagupta's major contribution to Sanskrit aesthetics, the theory of rasa. ...more on Wikipedia about "Abhinavagupta"
Adi Shankara (Śaṅkara, Shri Shankaracharya, Adhi Shankaracharya, Ādi Śaṅkarācārya; 'the first Shankara' in his lineage), reverentially called Bhagavatpada Acharya (the teacher at the feet of the Lord) (approximately 8th century, but see below) was the most famous advaita philosopher, who had a profound influence on the growth of Hinduism through his non-dualistic philosophy. He advocated the greatness and importance of the important Hindu scriptures, the Veda (most particularly on the Upanishads), spoke to a spirituality founded on reason and without dogma or ritualism, and gave new life to Hinduism at a time when Buddhism and Jainism were gaining popularity. He is considered the founder of the Dasanami sannyasin. ...more on Wikipedia about "Adi Shankara"
Akka Mahadevi (ಅಕ್ಕ ಮಹಾದೇವಿ) was a prominent figure of the Veerashaiva Bhakti movement in 12th century Karnataka. ...more on Wikipedia about "Akka Mahadevi"
Akram Vignan is a Hindu guru who teaches in the nondual traditions of vedanta and Jhana Yoga. His approach is similar to the late Indian saint Ramana Maharshi. ...more on Wikipedia about "Akram Vignan"
Akshapada Gotama (? c. 5th century BC or 2nd century BC) (also spelt as Aksapada Gautama and in other ways) was the originator of the Nyaya school of Indian philosophy. His sutras provide a systematic presentation of the logical approach to philosophy. He was a logician who authored the Nyaya Sutras, considered the foundation of the Nyaya school of Hinduism. ...more on Wikipedia about "Akshapada Gotama"
Ananda Kentish Coomaraswamy ( 22 August, 1877 Colombo - 9 September, 1947 Needham, Massachusetts) was the son of the famous Sri Lankan legislator and philosopher Sir Mutu Coomaraswamy and his English wife Elizabeth Beeby. He became a pioneering historian and philosopher of Indian art, and a great interpreter of Indian culture to the West. He was also a tireless campaigner for the regeneration of Hinduism. In 1917, he became the first Keeper of Indian art in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. He stressed the spiritual element in Indian art. ...more on Wikipedia about "Ananda Coomaraswamy"
Anandavardhana ( 820- 890) was the author of the philosophy of "aesthetic suggestion" (Dhvanyaloka). The philosopher Abhinavagupta wrote an important commentary on it. ...more on Wikipedia about "Anandavardhana"
Arun Manilal Gandhi (born April 14 1934, Durban, South Africa) is the fifth grandson of Mahatma Gandhi through his second son Manilal. Following the footsteps of his grandfather, he is also a socio-political activist, although he eschews the ascetic lifestyle of his grandfather. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arun Gandhi"
Bhagwan Das ( January 12, 1869 - September 18, 1958) was an Indian philosopher and public figure. For a time he served in the Central Legislative Assembly of undivided India. He became allied with the Hindustani Culture Society and was active in opposing rioting as a form of protest. As a fighter for national freedom from the British rule, he was often in danger of reprisals from the Colonial government. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bhagwan Das"
One of the best contemperory books on the Charvaks, has been written by Sadashiv Athavale, Charvak - Itihas ani Tatvadynan, Nav Bharat Publication, C/o Pradnya Pathshala, Wai, Dist. Satara. India. ...more on Wikipedia about "Charvak"
Shankar Trimbak Dharmadhikari (b. June 18, 1899 - d. December 1, 1985), better known throughout the world as Acharya Dada Dharmadhikari was an Indian freedom fighter, and a leader of social reform movements in India. He was one of the strongest adherents of Mahatma Gandhi's principles. ...more on Wikipedia about "Dada Dharmadhikari"
Debendranath Tagore ( Bangla:দেবেন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর, Debendronath Ţhakur)( May 15, 1817 - January 19, 1905) was a Bengali philosopher from current-day West Bengal, in India. ...more on Wikipedia about "Debendranath Tagore"
Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya is an eminent Indian Marxist philosopher who has given extensive contribution towards exploring the materialist current in ancient Indian Philosophy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya"
Gandhism (or Gandhi-ism) is an informal reference to the vision, core inspirations, principles, beliefs and philosophy of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who was a major political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian Independence Movement. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gandhism"
George Padamadan ( November 10, 1932 - July 25, 2004) was an Indian self-described amateur philosopher. ...more on Wikipedia about "George Padamadan"
Hemachandra Suri (हेमचन्द्र सूरी) (correct Sanskrit spelling Hemacandra Sürí) ( 1089 - 1172) was one of the greatest scholars of his time. He wrote on many subjects: grammar, ...more on Wikipedia about "Hemachandra"
Homi K. Bhabha (born 1949) is a postcolonial theorist, currently teaching at Harvard University, where he is the Chair of the Program in History and Literature. ...more on Wikipedia about "Homi Bhabha"
Jiddu Krishnamurti(జిడ్డు కృష్ణమూర్తి in Telugu) ( May 12, 1895 Madanapalle, India– February 17, 1986 Ojai, California), often written as J. Krishnamurti, was discovered as a teenager by C.W. Leadbeater in India on the private beach at the Theosophical headquarters at Adyar in Chennai. He was subsequently raised by Annie Besant and C.W. Leadbeater within the world-wide organization of the Theosophical Society, who believed him to be a vehicle for a prophesied World Teacher (see Second Coming; Maitreya Buddha). As a young man, he disavowed this destiny and also dissolved the Order established to support it, and eventually spent the rest of his life travelling the world as an independent speaker and educator on the workings of the human mind. Aged 90, he addressed the United Nations on the subject of peace and awareness, and was awarded the U.N. 1984 Peace Medal. He gave his last talk a month before his death, in January 1986, in India where he had been born. ...more on Wikipedia about "Jiddu Krishnamurti"
Kabir (कबीर) ( 1440 - 1518) (also known as Kabira) was an Indian mystic who preached an ideal of seeing all of humanity as one. He was known to be a weaver and later became famed for scorning religious affiliation, seen as a threat to the elite. His philosophies and ideas of loving devotion to God are expressed in metaphor and language from both the Hindu Vedanta and Bhakti streams and Muslim Sufi ideals. Kabir is also considered one of the early northern India Sants. He was initiated by Ramananda . ...more on Wikipedia about "Kabir"
Kanada (also transliterated as Kanad and in other ways) was a Hindu sage who founded the philosophical school of Vaisheshika. He probably lived around 600 BCE according to some accounts. It is believed that he was born in Prabhas Kshetra (near Dwaraka) in Gujarat, India. His area of study was Rasavātam, considered to be a type of alchemy. In his text, the Vaishashik Darshana, he describes an atomic theory more than a century before Democritus developed one in ancient Greece. He believed that all objects were comprised of nine elements: earth, water, light, wind, ether, time, space, mind and soul. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kanada"
Kancha Ilaiah is an social activist, thinker and scholar. He was born into Kuruma Golla family on October 5 1952 and was brought up in a small south Indian village. His family's main profession was sheep farming. He earned his doctorate degree in political science at the Osmania University in Hyderabad, India. His Ph.D thesis was based on Gautama Buddha's Political Philosophy. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kancha Ilaiah"
Sant Kirpal Singh ( 6 February, 1894– 21 August, 1974) was a Guru who was born in Sayyad Kasran, a part of the Punjab which now belongs to Pakistan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kirpal Singh"
Dr Krishna Chandra Bhattacharya ( May 12, 1875 - December 11, 1949) was a philosopher at Calcutta University who studied one of the central questions of Hindu philosophy, which is how mind, life or consciousness creates an apparently material universe. ...more on Wikipedia about "Krishna Chandra Bhattacharya"
N. Kumaran Asan (also known as Mahakavi Kumaran Asan, the name prefix Mahakavi meaning great poet and the suffix Asan meaning scholar or teacher) was a Malayalam poet, philosopher and social reformer. Kumaran Asan was one of the famous triumvirate poets of Kerala in the first half of the 20th century. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kumaran Asan"
Shree Basava (also known as Basaveshwara or Basavanna) is known as the founder of the lingayat ( Lingayats) religious sect in India. He brought on a social transformation, often referred as " revolution," in that he changed the lower caste people into a higher thinking of God or Shiva. He is said to have been a mystic by temperament, an idealist by choice, a statesman by profession, a man of letters by taste, a humanist by sympathy and a social reformer by conviction. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lord Basava" Good to know http://www.shortopedia.com.
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