The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC) ( 1990– 2005) was the Australian Government body through which Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders were formally involved in the processes of government affecting their lives. A number of indigenous programs and organisations fell under the overall umbrella of ATSIC. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission"
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Services was part of the now disbanded Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Services"
Aboriginal land claims are claims of Native or Aboriginal peoples (also referred to as Indigenous peoples) about their ownership of land before the arrival of settlers, primarily Europeans. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aboriginal land claims"
In Australian history, the Aboriginal Land Rights Act established the basis upon which Aboriginal people in the Northern Territory could claim rights to land based on traditional occupation. The act, the first of the Aboriginal Land Rights Acts, was signed by the Governor-General of Australia 16 December, 1976. It was the first Australian law which allowed a claim of title if claimants could provide evidence of their traditional association with land. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1976"
The Aboriginal Tent Embassy is a controversial semi-permanent assemblage claiming to represent the political rights of Australian Aborigines. It is made of a large group of activists, signs, and tents that reside on the lawn of Old Parliament House in Canberra, the Australian capital. It is not considered an official embassy by the Australian government. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aboriginal Tent Embassy"
The Arrernte Council of Central Australia Aboriginal Corporation is an Australian Aborigine council for the Arrernte, Eastern Arrernte, Central Arrernte and Western Arrernte people of Central Australia. Their offices are located in Alice Springs, Northern Territory. Arrernte Council is a part of Central Land Council. ...more on Wikipedia about "Arrernte Council"
The Australian Aboriginal flag is a flag that was initially used by Indigenous Australians in their struggle for land rights in Australia, but whose use has now expanded as a symbol of the Aboriginal people. The top half of the flag is black and the bottom half is red, with a yellow circle joining the two in the centre. It was designed in 1971 by Harold Thomas, an Aboriginal artist descended from the Luritja clan of Central Australia, as a symbol of the Indigenous land rights movement. On 14 July 1995 it was officially proclaimed by the Australian government to be legally "a Flag of Australia", along with the Torres Strait Islander flag under Section 5 of the Flags Act 1953. ...more on Wikipedia about "Australian Aboriginal Flag"
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Australian Aboriginal Sovereignty is a political movement amongst Indigenous Australians in the 20th century, demanding control of parts of Australia by native peoples. ...more on Wikipedia about "Australian Aboriginal Sovereignty"
The present Prime Minister John Howard—rejects the " the black-armband" view of Australian history. Thousands of Aboriginal workers across several generations lost an estimated $500 million because of the Queensland Government's negligence, through diverting withheld wages to raise government revenue, and through misuse of Trust monies. There has been a similar scandal in New South Wales, where 'stolen wages' have been estimated at between $64 and $80 million dollars. Successive Australian governments have begun a process called "Reconciliation". Some notable former Prime Ministers, such as Bob Hawke and Malcolm Fraser have made many symbolic gestures and speeches in support of respect for Aboriginal culture. Many Aboriginal leaders such as Isabell Coe reject such moves, demanding actual sovereignty instead. ...more on Wikipedia about "Australian governments and Indigenous Australians"
Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation (ANTaR) is an independent, national network of mainly non-Indigenous organisations and individuals working in support of justice for Indigenous Australians. ...more on Wikipedia about "Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation"
The Central Land Council is in the southern half of the Northern Territory of Australia. It has its origins in the struggle of Australian Aboriginal people for rights to fair wages and land. This included the strike and walk off by the Gurindji people at Wave Hill, cattle station in 1966. The head office is located in Alice Springs. It is one of four in the Northern Territory, the others are: *the Northern Land Council covering the Top End *the Tiwi Land Council covering Bathurst and Melville Islands north of Darwin *the Anindilyakawa Land Council covering Groote Eylandt in the Gulf of Carpentaria. The Central Land Council region covers 771,747 square kilometres of remote, rugged and often inaccessible areas. There are 18,000 Aboriginal people from 15 different Aboriginal language groups in Central Australia. The region is divided into nine regions based around these language groups. The Central Land Council is a representative body with statutory authority under the Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976. It also has responsibilities under the Native Title Act 1993 and the Pastoral Land Act 1992. Today Aboriginal people make up 27 per cent of the Northern Territory's population and own some 49% of the land in the Northern Territory. ==History== The Commonwealth Government of Gough Whitlam set up the Woodward Royal Commission in February 1973 set to inquire into how land rights might be achieved in the Northern Territory. Justice Woodward's first report in July 1973 recommended that a Central Land Council and a Northern Land Council be established in order to present to him the views of Aboriginal people. In response to the report of the Royal Commission a Land Rights Bill was drafted, but the Whitlam Government was dismissed before it was passed. The Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976 was eventually passed by the Fraser Government on 16 December 1976 and began operation on Australia Day, that is 26 January 1977. This Act established the basis upon which Aboriginal people in the Northern Territory could, for the first time, claim rights to land based on traditional occupation. In effect it allowed title to be transferred of most of the Aboriginal reserve lands and the opportunity to claim other land not owned, leased or being used by someone else. ==Office locations== * Alice Springs (Head Office) * Tennant Creek * Kalkaringi * Papunya * Mutitjulu * Alparra * Yuendumu * Atitjere ==Communities and councils== * Arrente Council ==External links== * Home page * The Land Is Always Alive Central Land Council history Australian National Audit Office ...more on Wikipedia about "Central Land Council"
The Day of Mourning was a day of protest held by Aboriginal Australians on 26 January 1938, the sesquicentenary of British colonisation of Australia. It was declared to be a celebration of 150 years of "theft and genocide", and was designed to stand in contrast to the Australia Day celebrations held by the European population on the same day. ...more on Wikipedia about "Day of Mourning"
Indigenous Coordination Centres or ICCs are regional offices of the Australian Government Office of Indigenous Policy Coordination. ...more on Wikipedia about "Indigenous Coordination Centres"
Mabo v Queensland (No 2) (commonly known as Mabo) was a landmark Australian court case which was decided by the High Court of Australia on June 3, 1992. The effective result of the judgement was to make irrelevant the declaration of terra nullius, or "land belonging to no-one" which had been pronounced at the time of British colonisation in 1788, and to recognise a form of native title. Although Mabo was litigated within the legal context of property law, the decisions clearly had much wider implications which have still to be determined. There is no doubt that it was a decision that shifted the political, legal and social landscape of Australia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mabo v Queensland"
Native title, or indigenous land rights, is a concept in the law of Australia that recognises the continued ownership of land by local Indigenous Australians. The colonisation of Australia was conducted under the false assumption that the land was unoccupied ( terra nullius) and could therefore be claimed for the Crown and distributed to colonists by the government. ...more on Wikipedia about "Native title"
The Northern Land Council (NLC) is in the Top End of the Northern Territory of Australia. It has its origins in the struggle of Australian Aboriginal people for rights to fair wages and land. This included the strike and walk off by the Gurindji people at Wave Hill, cattle station in 1966. The head office is located in Darwin. It was established in 1973. ...more on Wikipedia about "Northern Land Council"
OATSIH is the Office of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health, a division of the Australian Government's Department of Health and Ageing. ...more on Wikipedia about "OATSIH"
The Office of Indigenous Policy Coordination (OIPC) is part of the Australian Government Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs (DIMIA). It is responsible for implementing and overall coordination of Australian Government policy and programs for Indigenous Australians. The reponsibilities of the now disbanded Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission and the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Services were transferred to a number of other government departments. ...more on Wikipedia about "Office of Indigenous Policy Coordination"
Reconciliation Australia is the non-government, not-for-profit foundation established in January 2001 to provide a continuing national focus for reconciliation. It was established by the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation. The Council had been wound up as there was no political commitment to reconciliation from the government of John Howard. ...more on Wikipedia about "Reconciliation Australia"
Terry Hie Hie (postcode: 2400, ) is a very small farming town in the west of New South Wales, Australia within the Moree Plains Shire Council. Terry Hie Hie is south of the Gwydir Highway, west of the Newell Highway and 47 km south-east of Moree, the nearest large town. ...more on Wikipedia about "Terry Hie Hie, New South Wales"
The Gurindji Strike lasted from 1966 to 1975 at Wave Hill cattle station in the Northern Territory of Australia. For a generation, Gurindji people had been forced to work for basic food and shelter, as well as small amount of cash in some few cases, by the Vestey meat company, which owned their land around Wattie Creek as tenant of the Australian Commonwealth. Led by their spokesman Vincent Lingiari, the workers walked off the job and began their 7 year strike. Offers of somewhat improved conditions were rejected, and the strike quickly became a campaign for the Vestey company to vacate the Gurindji land. In 1975, the Australian Labor Party government of Gough Whitlam finally negotiated with the Vesteys to give the Gurindji back a portion of their land. This was a landmark in the so-called land rights movement in Australia for Indigenous Australians to be given rights to their traditional lands. ...more on Wikipedia about "The Gurindji Strike" Simply shortopedia!
The Wik Decision is a decision of the High Court of Australia in Wik Peoples v. The State of Queensland in December 1996, regarding the right of access by the Wik peoples of Cape York Peninsula in North Queensland to Crown land held under pastoral leases for cattle grazing. The court decided (4 judges to 3) that the rights of indigenous people who can prove a connection to the land can coexist with the rights of the leaseholders (or pastoralists), but where there is any inconsistency between the two, the rights of the pastoralist will prevail. ...more on Wikipedia about "Wik Peoples v Queensland"
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