Access Research Network (ARN) formerly known as Students for Origins Research is a charitable American organisation that publishes online essays that promote intelligent design and other issues important to the religious right. ...more on Wikipedia about "Access Research Network"
The Alliance Defense Fund ("ADF") is a non-profit organization with the stated goal of using the United States legal system in "defending the right to hear and speak the Truth through strategy, training, funding, and direct litigation." ...more on Wikipedia about "Alliance Defense Fund"
The Center for Science and Culture (CSC), formerly known as the Center for Renewal of Science and Culture (CRSC), is part of the Discovery Institute, a conservative Christian think tank in the United States. The CSC conducts a campaign promoting a religious agenda calling for broad social, academic and political changes centering around intelligent design. It lobbies for the inclusion of intelligent design (ID) in public school science curricula as an explanation for the origins of life and the universe while casting doubt on the theory of evolution by portraying it as a "theory in crisis." ...more on Wikipedia about "Center for Science and Culture"
The Discovery Institute is a conservative Christian think tank , structured as a non-profit educational foundation, founded in 1990 and based in Seattle, Washington, USA. Its areas of interest, social and political action include intelligent design, public school education, and transportation and bi-national cooperation in the international Cascadia region. Financially, the institute is a non-profit organization funded by philanthropic foundation grants, corporate and individual contributions and the dues of Institute members. ...more on Wikipedia about "Discovery Institute"
Francis J. Beckwith, was born in 1960 in New York City and is associate director of the J.M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies and associate professor of church-state studies at Baylor University in Waco, Texas. He is a noted figure within Protestant Evangelical Christianity as a scholar, debater, lecturer and advocate in social ethics, legal philosophy, church-state issues, philosophy of religion, and the Christian countercult movement. He is a trained philosopher with a graduate degree in law. ...more on Wikipedia about "Francis J. Beckwith"
Intelligent Design: The Bridge Between Science and Theology is a controversial 1999 book by William A. Dembski in which he presents an argument in support of the conjecture of intelligent design. In it, Dembski defines the term " specified complexity", and argues that instances of it in nature cannot be explained by Darwinian evolution, but instead are consistent with the notion of intelligent design. He also derives an instance of the law of conservation of information and uses it to argue against Darwinian evolution. The book is a summary treatment of the mathematical theory he presents in The Design Inference (1998), and is intended to be largely understandable by a nontechnical audience. Dembski also provides a Christian theological commentary on, and analysis of, what he perceives to be the historical and cultural significance of the ideas. ...more on Wikipedia about "Intelligent Design (book)"
In February 2001 a parent filed a complaint with the Kanawha County Board of Education claiming that science textbooks used there contain "false and fraudulent" information about evolution. The parent and 30 cosigners opposed to evolution asserted that the textbooks are in violation of state law because they are outdated or inaccurate. As evidence that textbooks which include evolution are flawed, they cited Jonathan Well's of the Discovery Institute book Icons of Evolution. The board rejected the claim. ...more on Wikipedia about "Intelligent design in politics"
An intelligent designer, also referred to as an "intelligent agent," is the entity that the intelligent design movement argues had some role in the origin and/or development of life and who supposedly has left scientific evidence of this intelligent design. The intelligent design movement is a neo-creationist campaign that arose out of the previous Christian fundamentalist and evangelistic creation science movement. Proponents of intelligent design argue to the public that their concept does not posit the identity of the designer as part of this effort. But in statements to their constituency, which consists largely of Christian conservatives, they identify the designer as God. ...more on Wikipedia about "Intelligent designer"
Irreducible complexity is a controversial concept invoked in support of intelligent design which claims that the generally accepted scientific theory that life evolved through biological evolution by natural selection is incomplete and flawed and that some additional mechanism is required to explain the origins of life. An irreducibly complex system is defined as one that could not possibly have been formed by successive, slight modifications to a functional precursor system. ...more on Wikipedia about "Irreducible complexity"
The Kansas Evolution Hearings were a series of hearings held in Topeka, Kansas in 2005 by the Kansas State Board of Education and its State Board Science Hearing Committee to change how the origin of life would be taught in the state's public schools. Arranged by the conservative Christian Board of Education, the hearings began on 5 May, 2005 and ended on 12 May. The May 2005 hearings coincided with the 80th anniversary of the arrest of Tennessee high school teacher John T. Scopes for illegally teaching biology to his students. The hearings raised the issues of Creation and evolution in public education, intelligent design, Teach the Controversy and were attended by all the major players in the intelligent design movement. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kansas evolution hearings"
Tammy Kitzmiller, et al. v. Dover Area School District, et al., Case No. 04cv2688, was the first direct challenge brought in United States federal courts against a public school district that required the presentation of intelligent design as an alternative to evolution as an "explanation of the origin of life". The plaintiffs successfully argued that intelligent design is a form of creationism, and that the school board policy thus violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District"
Leadership University is a non-profit online information clearinghouse for Christian apologetics and articles advancing creationism. It is financed and run by the evangelical Christian Campus Crusade for Christ International's Christian Leadership Ministries. ...more on Wikipedia about "Leadership University"
Phillip E. Johnson (born 1940) is a retired UC Berkeley American law professor and author. A born again Christian, he is considered the father of the intelligent design movement, which criticizes the theory of evolution, and promotes creationism as an alternative. Johnson has also participated in a movement challenging the scientific orthodoxy that HIV is the cause of AIDS. In both of these areas his critics accuse him of promoting pseudoscience. ...more on Wikipedia about "Phillip E. Johnson"
Quality Science Education for All (QSEA) is a non-profit creationist foundation focused on challenging evolution as taught in public schools. ...more on Wikipedia about "Quality Science Education for All"
The Santorum Amendment was an amendment to the 2001 education funding bill which became known as the No Child Left Behind Act, proposed by Republican United States senator Rick Santorum from Pennsylvania, which promotes the teaching of intelligent design while questioning the academic standing of evolution in U.S. public schools. Though the amendment only survives in modified form in the Bill's Conference Report and does not carry the weight of law, it has become a cornerstone in the intelligent design movement's " Teach the Controversy" campaign. ...more on Wikipedia about "Santorum Amendment"
Stephen C. Meyer is an American philosopher of science and theologian. Meyer, along with Bruce Chapman and George Gilder, is a founder of the Discovery Institute and its Center for Science and Culture, which advocates the controversial concept of intelligent design, and a leading proponent and lobbyist in the intelligent design movement. Meyer is a Vice President and Senior Fellow at the institute's Center for Science and Culture. ...more on Wikipedia about "Stephen C. Meyer"
Teach the Controversy is a controversial political-action campaign originated by the Discovery Institute to promote the intelligent design movement and advance an education policy for US public schools which introduces creationist explanations for the origin of life to public-school science curricula. Teach the Controversy proponents portray evolution as a "theory in crisis." ...more on Wikipedia about "Teach the Controversy"
The Design Revolution: Answering the Toughest Questions about Intelligent Design is a controversial book written by William A. Dembski in 2004 which argues for a number of points supporting intelligent design, the controversial conjecture that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not a naturalistic process such as natural selection. The book is written in question/answer format from Dembski's point of view as one of the conceptual leaders in that movement. Each chapter is about 4 pages long and addresses one specific question. Dembski credits his foes for providing these tough questions and provoking deeper reflection into the purpose and uniqueness of the intelligent design movement. (pg. 29 - Acknowledgments) The forward was written by Charles W. Colson. ...more on Wikipedia about "The Design Revolution"
The Thomas More Law Center is a conservative Christian, not-for-profit law center based in Ann Arbor, Michigan and active throughout the United States. Its stated goals are defending religious freedom, restoring "time honored values", protecting the sanctity of human life. Its motto is "The Sword and the Shield for People of Faith." The center characterizes itself as the "Christian Answer to the ACLU". ...more on Wikipedia about "Thomas More Law Center"
The wedge strategy is a political and social action plan authored by the Discovery Institute, an organization that works to promote a Neo-Creationist religious agenda centering around Intelligent design, and is the hub of the Intelligent design movement. The strategy is a broad social, political, and academic agenda whose ultimate goal is to "affirm the reality of God" . This religious goal, advanced chiefly by means of the wedge strategy, seeks to establish that life was created as the result of intelligent design. Intelligent design is the controversial conjecture that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not a naturalistic process such as natural selection. Implicit in the intelligent design conjecture is a redefining of science and how it is conducted. Wedge strategy proponents are dogmatically opposed to materialism, naturalism, and evolution, and have made the removal of each from how science is conducted and taught an explicit goal. ...more on Wikipedia about "Wedge strategy"
The Wilberforce Forum is a conservative Christian political and social think tank and action group particularly active in the promotion of Christian creationism in education and in biotechnology and bioethics issues, such as human cloning and stem cell research. A division of Prison Fellowship Ministries, their stated goal is "...to help Christians approach life with a biblical worldview so that they can in turn shape culture from a biblical perspective. Using the talents of leading Christian thinkers and writers, we seek to help Christians think and live Christianly not only in church and family circles, but also in the public square." It is named after William Wilberforce a British parliamentarian and leader of the campaign against the slave trade. ...more on Wikipedia about "Wilberforce Forum"
Dr. William Albert "Bill" Dembski (born July 18 1960) is a controversial American mathematician, philosopher, theologian and neo-creationist known for advocating the idea of intelligent design in opposition to the theory of evolution through natural selection. Dembski believes that the scientific study of nature reveals evidence of design and opposes what he regards as mainstream science's commitment to "atheistic" materialism or naturalism, which rules out design a priori. ...more on Wikipedia about "William A. Dembski"
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