An Historical Account of Two Notable Corruptions of Scripture is a dissertation by the English Mathematician and Scholar Isaac Newton. First published in 1754, twenty-seven years after Newton's death, it reviewed all the textual evidence available from ancient sources on two disputed Bible passages, at First John 5:7 and 1 Timothy 3:16. ...more on Wikipedia about "An Historical Account of Two Notable Corruptions of Scripture"
Isaac Newton's rotating bucket argument is aimed at showing that there is a meaningful difference between what he calls 'true motion' and 'relative motion'. Motion under the influence of a force is true motion, motion without the presence of a force is relative motion. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bucket argument"
De motu corporum in gyrum (On the motion of bodies in an orbit) is a manuscript by Isaac Newton sent to Edmund Halley in November 1684. It derived the three laws of Kepler assuming an inverse square law of force, and generalized the answer to conic sections. It tried to set out the foundations of modern dynamics and extended its methodology by adding to the derivation of Kepler's laws the solution of a problem on the motion of a body through a resisting medium. Halley reported these results to the Royal Society on 1684-12-10 (Julian calendar). Three versions of the manuscript exist: they differ from each other in some crucial respects. The book Principia Mathematica is a correction and an expansion of this note. ...more on Wikipedia about "De motu corporum in gyrum"
(History of classical mechanics) The Greeks, and Aristotle in particular, were the first to propose that there are abstract principles governing nature. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of classical mechanics"
Sir Isaac Newton, PRS ( – ) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, alchemist, inventor and natural philosopher who is regarded by many as the most influential scientist in history. ...more on Wikipedia about "Isaac Newton"
The following article is part of an in-depth biography of Sir Isaac Newton ( December 25, 1642 - March 20, 1727), the English mathematician and scientist, author of the Principia. ...more on Wikipedia about "Isaac Newton's early life and achievements"
During his residence in London, Newton had made the acquaintance of John Locke. Locke had taken a very great interest in the new theories of the Principia. He was one of a number of Newton's friends who began to be uneasy and dissatisfied at seeing the most eminent scientific man of his age left to depend upon the meagre remuneration of a college fellowship and a professorship. ...more on Wikipedia about "Isaac Newton's later life"
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Method of Fluxions was a book by Isaac Newton. The book was completed in 1671, and published in 1736. Fluxions is Newton's term for differential (and fluents for integral) calculus. He originally developed the method at Woolsthorpe Manor during the closing of Cambridge during the Great Plague from 1665 to 1667, but did not choose to make his findings known (similarly, his findings which eventually became the Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica were developed at this time and hidden from the world in Newton's notes for many years). Gottfried Leibniz developed his calculus around 1673, and published it in 1684, twenty years before Newton. The calculus notation we use today is mostly that of Leibniz, although the dot notation for denoting derivatives in time is still in current use throughout mechanics. ...more on Wikipedia about "Method of Fluxions"
In modern language, we can say that Newton's aether model was an early attempt at a "geometrical" theory of gravity, or a curved-space model. ...more on Wikipedia about "Newton's aether model"
This law is also called the Law of Inertia or Galileo's Principle. ...more on Wikipedia about "Newton's laws of motion"
Newtonmas is an annual celebration of science held on December 25, the Old Style birthday of Isaac Newton. The name and many of the practices are a play on Christmas, also held on that day. ...more on Wikipedia about "Newtonmas"
Opticks is a book written by English physicist Isaac Newton that was released to the public in 1704. It is about optics and the refraction of light, and is considered one of the great works of science in history. ...more on Wikipedia about "Opticks"
The Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica ( Latin: "mathematical principles of natural philosophy", often Principia or Principia Mathematica for short) is a three-volume work by Isaac Newton published on July 5, 1687. It contains the statement of Newton's laws of motion forming the foundation of classical mechanics as well as his law of universal gravitation. He derives Kepler's laws for the motion of the planets (which were first obtained empirically). ...more on Wikipedia about "Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica"
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The Quaestiones quadem philosophicae is the name given to a set of notes that Isaac Newton kept for himself during his early years in Cambridge. They concern questions in the natural philosophy of the day that interested him. Apart from the light it throws on the formation of his own agenda for research, the major interest in these notes is the documentation of the unaided development of the scientific method in the mind of Newton, whereby every question is put to experimental test. ...more on Wikipedia about "Quaestiones quadem philosophicae"
This apocryphal story relates to Isaac Newton's supposed belief in design. Isaac Newton engaged in frequent discussions on the subject of God and design with friends. One atheistic friend disputed the evidence of design in reality. ...more on Wikipedia about "The Parable of the Solar System Model"
The years 1685 and 1686 will ever be memorable in the history of science. It was during these years that Isaac Newton composed almost all his great work, the Principia Mathematica. ...more on Wikipedia about "The writing of Principia Mathematica"
William Clarke (c. April, 1609 (records show he was baptised April 23) - 1682) was an apothecary who provided lodgings for a young Isaac Newton whilst he attended the King's Grammar school in Grantham (Newton's mother remained in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, which is eight miles away). ...more on Wikipedia about "William Clarke (apothecary)"
Woolsthorpe Manor in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, near Grantham, Lincolnshire, England, was the birthplace of Sir Isaac Newton on December 25, 1642 (old calendar). At that time it was a yeoman's farmstead, principally rearing sheep (hence the wool reference in the name — thorpe comes from a Danish/Viking word meaning farmstead). ...more on Wikipedia about "Woolsthorpe Manor"
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