African Jew has a variety of meanings: ...more on Wikipedia about "African Jew"
The Beta Israel (or "House of Israel"), known by outsiders by the term Falasha ("exiles" or "strangers"), a term that they consider to be pejorative, are Jews of Ethiopian origin. Under the provisions of Israel's " Law of Return" ( 1950), over 90,000 (over 80%) of them have emigrated to Israel, most notably during Operation Moses and Operation Solomon, but also continuing until the present time. The related Falash Mura are Ethiopian Jews who converted to Christianity in the past, but have since returned to Judaism. ...more on Wikipedia about "Beta Israel"
Chuts ( pronunciation: rhymes with "puts" and the "ch" is a guttural sound, as in the Scottish loch) is the name applied to Jews who immigrated to London from The Netherlands during the latter part of the 19th century. They typically came from Amsterdam and practised trades they had already learned there, most notably cigar, cap and slipper making. ...more on Wikipedia about "Chuts"
Doña Gracia (Mendes) Nasi (born 1510 in Portugal; died 1569 near Constantinople) was one of the most wealthy Jewish women of Europe. She married into the eminent international banking and finance dynasty of Mendes. Gracia is the Spanish for Hebrew "Hannah." ...more on Wikipedia about "Gracia Mendes Nasi"
The Gruzim are Jews from the nation of Georgia, in the Caucasus. The word Gruzim comes from the Russian term Грузинские евреи (Gruzinskie Yevreyi, i.e., "Georgian Jews"). The Georgian name for the community is Huria or Ebraeli. ...more on Wikipedia about "Gruzim"
The History of Palestine is the account of events in Palestine from ancient times to the present. For the history of the term "Palestine" and its application in the region, see Boundaries and name of Palestine region. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of Palestine"
After the conquest in 1830, the French government rapidly restructured the Ottoman millet system. At the time, the French government distinguished French citizens (who had national voting rights, were subject to French laws, and, for the males, had to go to military service) from Jewish and Muslim "indigenous" people, who each kept their own laws and courts. By 1841, the Jewish courts ( beth din) had been abolished, and all cases involving Jews were instead heard by French courts. In 1845, the communal structure was thoroughly reorganized, and French Jews were appointed as chief rabbis for each region, with the duty "to inculcate unconditional obedience to the laws, loyalty to France, and the obligation to defend it." ** In 1865, liberal conditions were laid down so that Jewish and Muslim "indigenous" people could become French citizens if they requested it. This facility was, however, not much used — since it meant renouncing certain traditional mores and thus was perceived as a kind of apostasy. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of the Jews in Algeria"
The history of the Jews in Australia began with the transportation of several Jewish convicts aboard the First Fleet in 1788 when the first European settlement was established on the continent in present-day Sydney. Today, an estimated 150,000 Jews reside in Australia, the majority being Ashkenazi Jews of Eastern European descent, with many being refugees and Shoah survivors who arrived during and after World War II. The Jewish population has been swelled more recently by immigrants from South Africa and the former Soviet Union. According to the 2001 Commonwealth census, only 83,459 people identified themselves as Jews, but this understated the size of the Jewish population as it did not count those overseas (i.e., dual Australian-Israeli nationals) and many non-practicing Jews who preferred not to disclose their religion. The largest Jewish community in Australia is in Melbourne with about 40,000 followed closely by Sydney with 35,000 members. Smaller communities are dispersed among the remaining capital cities. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of the Jews in Australia"
This article addresses the History of the Jews in Carpathian Ruthenia ...more on Wikipedia about "History of the Jews in Carpathian Ruthenia"
Egyptian Jews constitute perhaps the oldest Jewish community in the world. The Jewish population of Egypt is now somewhere from 100-1000 people, down from between 75,000 and 100,000 in 1948. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of the Jews in Egypt"
Iraqi Jews constitute one of the world's oldest, and historically most important, Jewish communities. Abraham came from Ur in Babylon, and it was to Babylon that the Jews were exiled around 600 BCE. The descendants of these exiles ensured that Babylonia became the most important Jewish community after the Roman destruction of Jerusalem. The community thrived as the center of Jewish learning until the Middle Ages, when the Mongol invasion, and the subsequent persecutions of the Persians significantly reduced its importance. With the rule of the Ottoman Empire, the life of Iraqi Jews improved, though the community never regained its former importance. Iraqi Jews played an important role in the early days of the country's independence, but the Iraqi Jewish community, numbered at around 150,000 in 1948, was almost entirely driven out of the country by increasing persecution from the 1940s onwards. Today, less than 100 remain. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of the Jews in Iraq"
History of the Jews in Latin America. The history of Jews in the Americas dates back to Christopher Columbus and his first cross- Atlantic voyage on August 3, 1492, when he left Spain and eventually "discovered" the New World. His date of departure was also the day on which the Catholic Monarchs Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon decreed that the Jews of Spain had to convert to Catholicism or be expelled from the country. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of the Jews in Latin America"
Moroccan Jews constitute an ancient community. Before the founding of Israel in 1948, there were about 250,000 to 265,000 Jews in the country, but only 7,000 or so remain. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of the Jews in Morocco"
As of 2004 the Jewish community in Tunis supports three primary schools, two secondary schools, a yeshiva, and the Chief Rabbi. The Jewish community in Djerba supports one kindergarten, two primary schools, two secondary schools, a yeshiva, and a Rabbi. There is also a Jewish primary school in the coastal city of Zarzis. The Jewish community also supports two homes for the aged, several kosher restaurants and four other rabbis. Most Tunisian Jews observe the laws of kashrut. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of the Jews in Tunisia" The article you are reading is from shortopedia Jews_by_country
The first Jewish colony in Turkey proper was at Bursa, the original Ottoman capital. According to one tradition, when Sultan Orhan conquered the city ( 1326) he drove out its former inhabitants and repeopled it with Jews from Damascus and the Byzantine Empire. These Jews received a firman permitting them to build a synagogue; and this edifice still exists, being the oldest in Turkey. The Jews lived in a separate quarter called "Yahudi Mahallesi." Outside of Bursa they were allowed to live in any part of the country; and on payment of the kharaj, the capitation-tax required of all non-Muslim subjects (see below), they might own land and houses in the city or country. ...more on Wikipedia about "History of the Jews in Turkey"
Indian Jews are a religious minority, living among India's predominantly Hindu and Muslim populace. However, Judaism was one of the first religions to arrive in India and assimilate with local traditions through cultural diffusion. The Jewish population in India is hard to estimate since each Jewish community is distinct with different origins; some arrived during the time of the Kingdom of Judah, others are descendants of Israel's Lost Ten Tribes. Of the total Jewish population in India, about half live in Mizoram and a quarter live in the city of Mumbai. Unlike many parts of the world, Jews have historically lived in India without largescale anti-Semitism. In Mumbai, two synagogues are located in predominantly Muslim inhabited areas. ...more on Wikipedia about "Indian Jews"
Italkim ( Hebrew for "Italians"; pl. of "italkit", Middle Hebrew loanword from the Latin adjective "italicu(m)", meaning "Italic", "Latin", "Roman"; italkit is also used in Modern Hebrew as the language name "Italian") is the modern Hebrew term for Jews who have historically resided in Italy. They traditionally call themselves Bené Roma. Despite a continuous presence for over 2000 years, the Italian Jewish community, known as Italkim, has numbered no more than 50,000 since it was fully emancipated in 1870. The customs and religious rites of Italkim are in some ways a bridge between Ashkenazi and Sephardi Jews, showing similarities to both. Recent genetic tests have shown that Italkim are more closely related to Ashkenazi Jews. ...more on Wikipedia about "Italkim"
Jews in Norway have a long history. The Jewish community in Norway is one of the country's smallest ethnic and religious minorities. The largest synagogue is in Oslo, and a smaller synagogue in Trondheim (63° 25' N) is often claimed, erroneously, to be the world's northernmost synagogue. ** ...more on Wikipedia about "Jews in Norway"
The history of the Philippines' first Jewish presence spans back to the 16th century, to a few individuals during the Spanish colonial era. It was then that the earliest Jews in the Philippines are historically documented, when two Sephardic brothers (Jews of Spanish origin), Jorge and Domingo Rodríguez, are recorded as having reached Manila in the 1590's. By 1593 both were tried and convicted as Judaizantes (practicing Jews) at an auto de fe at the Mexico City office of the Spanish Inquisition. Known as Marranos or nuevos cristianos ("New Christians"; newly converted to Christianity), the two brothers had accompanied the Spanish conquistadors who colonised the Philippines. Eight other marranos in the Philippines were subsequently tried and convicted. ...more on Wikipedia about "Jews in the Philippines"
As of January 2005, it is believed only a single Jew lived in Afghanistan, Zebulon Simentov (born 1960). With a total Afghan population of 30 million, this amounts to a fraction of 33 ppb, the lowest worldwide. ...more on Wikipedia about "Jews of Afghanistan"
All estimates of population in this article are generated by taking the estimated percentage of Jews in each country, and multiplying it by the population of the country. Though figures given in the table may seem precise to many digits, they are often highly inaccurate, and can vary by significant margins from other published surveys. This data is intended to give rough estimates of the number of Jews in each country, more precise estimates for some countries are available in " Jewish population". ...more on Wikipedia about "Judaism by country"
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The Lemba or Lembaa are a tribe of people in southern Africa. Although they speak Bantu languages similar to their neighbours, they have specific religious practices similar to those in Judaism, and a tradition of being a migrant people with clues pointing to an origin in the Middle East or North Africa. According to the oral history of the Lemba their ancestors were Jews who came from a place called Sena several hundred years ago and settled in East Africa. According to the research of British researcher Tudor Parfitt, the location of Sena more than likely was in Yemen. The Lemba may have a connection with Great Zimbabwe. In recent times, they have established a synagogue with their own rabbis. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lemba"
Lithuanian Jews, (In Yiddish known as Litvish or Litvaks) are Ashkenazi Jews who have their origins in historic Lithuania. Historically, Lithuanian Jews have been associated with a particular set of teaching styles and religious beliefs, so that the term Lithuanian Jew, or (in Yiddish) Litvish or (in Hebrew) Litaim may mean someone who follows these approaches, rather than someone from Lithuania. ...more on Wikipedia about "Lithuanian Jews"
Rabbi Michael Melchior (in Hebrew מיכאל מלכיאור) (born January 31, 1954) is an Israeli politician and Labor-Meimad member of the Knesset. ...more on Wikipedia about "Michael Melchior"
Persian Jews, Iranian Jews, or Parsim ( , as they are commonly called in Israel), are a group of ancient Jewish communities living throughout the former greatest extents of the Persian Empire. They were exiled or migrated there from the ancient Kingdom of Israel and Kingdom of Judah, along with many converts to Judaism in Parthian times. ...more on Wikipedia about "Persian Jews"
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