Babaghuq was the title of an elected chieftain who was involved in the governance of a Khazar town, either in place of or in conjunction with a tudun or governor. The name means "father of the city". ...more on Wikipedia about "Babaghuq"
A title in the Khazar Khaganate. The term Baliqchi means "Fisherman." In the Schechter Letter, the Khazar warlord Pesakh (who was active along the Strait of Kerch) is described with this title. An earlier figure in Khazar history, Balgitzin, was governor of Phanagoria during Justinian II's soujourn there in 705 CE. Whether Balgitzin is a personal name or a variant of the title Baliqchi is unclear. ...more on Wikipedia about "Baliqchi"
In the hierarchy of the Gokturk and Khazar empires, an Elteber was the client-king of an autonomous but tributary tribe or polity. ...more on Wikipedia about "Elteber"
According to ibn Fadlan, the Jawyshyghr was an official in the Khazar government under the command of the Khagan Bek. Ibn Fadlan did not describe the duties of this officer. Douglas M. Dunlop hypothesized that the name derives from the pharas Chavush Uyghur or "Marshal of the Uyghurs"; however, other scholars have disputed this theory. ...more on Wikipedia about "Jawyshyghr"
Khagan, alternatively spelled Chagan, Qaqan, Khakhan, Khaghan etc., is a title of imperial rank in the Mongolian and Turkic languages equal to the status of emperor and someone who rules a khaganate (empire, greater than an ordinary Khanate, but often referred to as such in western languages). It may also be translated as Khan of Khans, equivalent to King of Kings. ...more on Wikipedia about "Khagan"
Khagan Bek is the title used by the Bek of the Khazars. Khazar kingship was divided between the khagan and the Bek or Khagan Bek. Contemporary Arab historians related that the Khagan was purely a spiritual ruler or figurehead with limited powers, while the Bek was responsible for administration and military affairs. ...more on Wikipedia about "Khagan Bek"
The ethnarch of the Muslim community in Khazaria. The Khazz resided in the city of Khazaran. He may have had some authority over the division of the army known as the Arsiyah. ...more on Wikipedia about "Khazz"
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According to ibn Fadlan, the Kündür was an official in the Khazar government under the command of the Khagan Bek. Ibn Fadlan did not describe the duties of this officer, nor does any extant source. The Magyars had a dual-kingship system in which power was divided between a gyula and a kende; therefore it has been hypothesized that the kündür was a client-ruler of Hungarian remnants who remained in the Pontic steppe during the 10th century. Alternatively, it has been suggested that the title may derive from an Old Turkic word for law, and that the kündür may have been a judicial officer, possibly the head of the Khazar judiciary. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kündür"
For the Punjabi tribe called Tarkhan, see Tarkhan (tribe). ...more on Wikipedia about "Tarkhan"
In pre-Islamic Turkic empires, particularly those of the Gokturks and the Khazars, a tudun was a governor resident in a town or other settlement. The tudun was the personal representative of the imperial government and could function both as an administrator and a diplomat. At times a tudun would be appointed for a town nominally under another power's control but de facto within the sphere of influence of the tudun's khagan. ...more on Wikipedia about "Tudun"
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