Aybak was the first of the Mameluke sultans of Egypt. He assumed power by marrying the wife of the next-to-last of the Ayyubid sultans of Egypt (the dynasty established by Saladin). For several years, he and his wife, Shajar al-Durr shared power in an uneasy but effective alliance. But ultimately --- in what was meant to be a preemptive strike against Aybak who was attempting to establish sole power --- the sultana had him murdered. 1257. She was killed in revenge shortly thereafter. ...more on Wikipedia about "Aybak"
The Bahri dynasty or Bahriyya Sultante المماليك البحرية was a Mamluk dynasty of Kipchak Turk origin that ruled Egypt from 1250 to 1382 when they were succeeded by the Burji dynasty, another group of Mamluks. Their name means 'of the sea', referring to them ruling from al-Manyal island in the Nile (Bahr al-Nil) off Cairo. ...more on Wikipedia about "Bahri dynasty"
al-Malik al-Zahir Rukn al-Din Baibars al-Bunduqdari (also spelled Baybars) ( 1223 – July 1, 1277) was a Mamluk Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He was born a Kipchak Turk in the city of Solhat, in Crimea. He was captured by the Mongols and sold as a slave, ending up in Syria. If he had stayed in his native land he would have been known as a Crimean Tatar. ...more on Wikipedia about "Baibars"
A group of semi-nomadic Turkic tribes that settled on the frontier between the Rus states and the Pechenegs (and later the Cumans) during the 1000's and 1100's CE. They fought as mercenaries for various Rus princes, forming most of the cavalry for the fledgling Rus armies. Several tribes are named as probable Cherniye Klobuki, including the Berendei and Torkils. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cherniye Klobuki"
The Codex Cumanicus was a linguistic manual of the Middle Ages, presumably designed to help Catholic missionaries to the Kipchaks. It is currently housed in the Library of St. Mark, in Venice (Cod. Mar. Lat. DXLIX). ...more on Wikipedia about "Codex Cumanicus"
The Crimean Tatars (Qırımtatar (aka Qırım, Qırımlı and Qırım türkü), Pl. Qırımtatarlar (aka Qırımlar, Qırımlılar, Qırım türkleri)) are a Turkic ethnic group originally residing in the Crimean peninsula. They speak the Crimean Tatar language. ...more on Wikipedia about "Crimean Tatars"
Cuman language was a Turkic language spoken by the Cumans similar to today's Crimean Tatar language. It is documented in several medieval works, including the Codex Cumanicus. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cuman language" The shortopedia spirit
Cumans, also called as Polovtsy, (Russian Половцы, from old Slavic for pale yellowish) was the European name for the Western Kipchaks, a nomadic West Turkic tribe living on the north of the Black Sea along the Volga. ...more on Wikipedia about "Cumans"
The Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute (HURI) is a research institute affiliated with Harvard University. As its name implies, HURI is devoted to studying the history, culture, language, and politics of Ukraine. Other areas of study include Ukrainian literature, archaeology, art, economics, and anthropology. ...more on Wikipedia about "Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute"
Al-Malik Al-Ashraf Khalil ( Arabic: المالك الأشرف خليل ) (died 1293) was the Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 1290 until his assassination in December, 1293. He is most famous for conquering the last of the Crusader states in Palestine. ...more on Wikipedia about "Khalil"
(Kimek) Kmek or Kimak was a nomadic tribe lived in modern Astrakhan Oblast of Russia in 9th-13th century. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kimek"
The Kimeks were a Turkic people who founded a medieval state, the Kimek (Kimäk) Khanate. (10th-13th centuries) Turkic state. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kimek Khanate"
The Kipchak language was an extinct Turkic language of Kipchak-Bolghar group. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kipchak language"
Kipchaks (also Kypchaks, Qipchaqs) are an ancient Turkic people, first mentioned in the historical chronicles of Central Asia in the 1st millennium BC. Their language was also known as Kipchak. The western Kipchaks are also known as Cumans, Kumans, Kun, Polovtsi (Russian for 'yellowish') and Polovtsians. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kipchaks"
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Kypchakia is a non-sovereign region in the current Commonwealth of Independent States where homelands of major Kypchak- Turkic speaking peoples are located, stretching from Kyrgyzstan in the East to Northern Caucasus/ Chuvashia in the West, and Riazan in the North to Kazakhstan to the South. ...more on Wikipedia about "Kypchakia"
Mamluks (also Mameluks, Mamelukes, Mamlukes) (the Arabic word usually translates as "owned", singular: مملوك plural: مماليك) comprised slave soldiers who served the Muslim caliphs and the Ottoman Empire. Over time they became a powerful military caste, and on more than one occasion they seized power for themselves, for example in Egypt from 1250 to 1517. ...more on Wikipedia about "Mamluk"
New Kypchak (also New Qypchak) is a standardized new language that unites major Kypchak Turkic tongues, such as Kyrgyz, Kazakh, Karakalpak, Kumyk, Bashkir, Qazan Tatar, Astrakhan Tatar, Nogay etc. ...more on Wikipedia about "New Kypchak language"
Saif ad-Din Qalawun al-Alfi al-Mansur (also Qala'un or Kalavun) (c. 1222- November 10, 1290) was a Mameluk sultan of Egypt. ...more on Wikipedia about "Qalawun"
Saif ad-Din Qutuz (died October 24, 1260) was the Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 1259 until his death. ...more on Wikipedia about "Qutuz"
Tihomir or T[h]ocomerius/Togomer/Totomer/Tugomir (circa 1290 - circa 1310) is thought to have been a Cuman ( Kipchak) warlord, possibly the father of Basarab I, the founder of the principality of Wallachia. He is sometimes identified with the legendary figure Radu Negru (Radu the Black), the character of 17th century Wallachian Chronicles who is given as the first Prince and the central figure of the Wallachian descălecat ("dismounting") - the taking over of the lands, as an expansion southwards from a core area in the Transylvanian Alps. ...more on Wikipedia about "Tihomir of Wallachia"
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